Special Christmas Gift for 2016

photo above is of 1923 synagogue in Springfield Mass

Preliminary Outline of Hebrews

INTRODUCTION: Beginning, Body, and Bottom Line of Hebrews.

Beginning of Hebrews, what is God like: “God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.” (Hebrews 1:1-4)
Body of Hebrews 13 chapters, the Doctrine of Christ includes partakers of His nature: “Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection…” (Hebrews 6:1a)
Bottom Line of Hebrews, that God may make you complete: “Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.” (Hebrews 13:20,21)
I. The Doctrine of Christ in Hebrews 1, most probable full extent of Paul’s initial synagogue address as once he identified the Christ of the Old Testament and the Son of God with Jesus of Nazareth, they ran him off and tried to kill him.


NOTE1: Paul as obvious author of Hebrews. (see at the end)
1. Starts off with God, then Son. (Hebrews 1:1-3)
“God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high…”

Note: Hebrews 1 is almost all quotes from the Old Testament, so Paul introduces with both the Hebrew history of the “fathers” and the OT Prophets.
2. Then Lord for Jesus. (Hebrews 1:10)
“And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands…”

II. Beginning with Hebrews 2 of combining the Doctrine of Christ with US, principles of the Doctrine of Christ.

1. Heed those things taught by Jesus and the Disciples and witnessed by God.
(Hebrews 2:1)
2. Man and Jesus.
a. Man (Hebrews 2:6).
b. Jesus and getting Man and Jesus together in the Atonement. (Hebrews 2:9)
“But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.”

3. Doctrine and principles joined as One and in the Assembly, church. (Hebrews 2:12-13)
“Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee.” (Hebrews 2:12)
a. Quote of Psalm 22:22 in Hebrews 2:12.
b. Quote of Isaiah 8:6,7 in Hebrews 2:13.
4. Doctrine and principles continued to tie together as both the children and Christ become partakers of flesh and blood. (2:14-18)
a. Delivered flesh and blood from bondage because of the fear of death.
b. Christ took on the nature of Man, not the angels which were a little higher.
“Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil…” (2:14)
c. “Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.” (2:17)
d. Temptation is suffering, there again Christ identifies with the children or people. (2:18)

5. With the first mention of the name Christ and with Christ Jesus together. Paul brings the Doctrine of Chirst and the Principles or implications of the Doctrine of Christ firmly together with new names. (3:1-5)
a. The children or people are brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling.
b. Christ Jesus is the Apostle and High Priest of the Christian profession.

6. With the second mention of Christ (doctrine of Christ), we are the house of Christ if we hold firm unto the end. (3:6-13)
NOTE: now he launches into the first listed specific principle of “repentance from dead works”.

7. With this third mention of the word Christ or the Doctrine of Christ the principle of the doctrine of Christ in faith in God is highlighted. (3:14-19)
“For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end…” (3:14)
a. The judgment principle has already been mentioned as God decided and decides that “they shall not enter into His rest.”
b. And the faith in God principle in that it was unbelief that prevented them from eternal rest.

8. The promise of rest that remains for the rest of the people of God is an introduction to the resurrection of the dead. In the synagogue there would be both Pharisees and Saducess, the first believing in a resurrection of the dead and the second not. (4:1-13)

9. With the mention of “Jesus, the Son of God”, necessary in the doctrine of Christ comes a some what veiled but practical introduction to “baptisms”, here it is the baptism into the grace of God to help in time of needs and into the THRONE OF GRACE ITSELF. (4:14-5:4)

NOTE: Paul was still talking in the language of a new Christian, of a lawyer of Israel and the Old Testament law, had not written his other 13 New Testament books, and was still speaking the language of the synagogues where he was raised and trained in the Law. Later when he polished for publication the early synagogue addresses, the flavor and language of the initial addresses was keep. We can therefore appreciate the simpler language.
a. Obey Him.
b. You are not listening!
c. Obey and listen to the first principles of the Doctrine of Christ, get baptized into the strong meat of the word, get skillful in the word of righteousness, grow up, and exercise your senses to discern both good and evil.

II. Summary of what has been happening in the first 5 chapters on both the Doctrine of Christ and the principles of the doctrine of Christ in 6:1,2
“Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God, Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment. And this will we do, if God permit” (Hebrews 6:1-4)

** Paul wants to pass on to advanced doctrines of perfection, but strains to get off the first principles. so below is parenthetical on first principles.
P1: Partakers of the Holy Spirit is more on the baptisms. (6:4)
P2: Your sense of taste has been baptized in the word of God, and baptized into the powers of the world to come. (6:5)
P3: Repentance and atonement again. (6:6,7)
P4: Judgment (6:8)
P5: Salvation, the complete baptism in the One baptism. (6:9)

III. “Unto Perfection” in the Doctrine and Principles of Christ, Hebrews 6-13.

NOTE: Come now to the second part of Hebrews: (1) the First is the Doctrine and Principles of the Doctrine of Christ in Hebrews 1-5; and the (2) second is advanced doctrines unto perfection of the Doctrines of Christ with principles, Hebrews 6-13.

1. Unto Perfection in Hope of Salvation

a. Unto advanced doctrines of Christ and perfection with the promise of Hope of salvation. (6:15-19)
b. Advances into the Doctrine of Christ about the high priesthood, and the extent of the sure and immutable HOPE. (Christ and Melchesidec and what it means to us.}
c. About Hebrew history on this Melchisedec and Abraham in order to increase awareness of hope of salvation.. (7:1-11)
NOTE: somewhere in here Paul gets so enthused, almost forgetting his outline and completely free flowing under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.
d. The priesthood and law is changed.
(1). Law made nothing perfect, bringing in of better hope did. Hope by which we draw near to God. (7:19)

2. Summarizing unto perfection in the doctrine of Christ: (c) seated at the right hand of His Majesty in heaven, the great and only High Priest, minister of THE SANCTUARY–it is the true tabernacle and Jesus is the Minister,and the Lord Jesus Christ Himself pitched this tent, not any man.. (8:1-
a. Advanced doctrine under perfection and with our High Priest with a new minster. (8:6,7)
NOTE: A TRAIN of unto perfection in Christ from (1) the most excellent ministry of Christ, to (2) Him as the mediator of a better covenant, and (3) one which is established on better promises. From most excellent, to a better covenant Mediator, to better promises. You can’t beat that!
b. Mediator of a New covenant.
c. With better promises.
2. Unto the perfection of advanced doctrines and principles of Christ with the New Covenant. (8:9-13)
a. The New Covenant is unlike the Old Covenant which Israel did not keep anyway, so that under that covenant God did not regard them anyway;
b. Here is the covenant that God made with Israel at the beginning of the Last Days–
(1) the new birth of God putting the law in their minds and hearts;
(2) the covenant of God will be Israels God and Israel will in turn be His people;
(3) the priesthood of believers, everyone will know God in Israel from the least to the greatest;
(4). God will be merciful to their unrighteousness;
(5) God will remember their sins no more.
(6). The Old Covenant is made old, decayed, and will vanish away.
3. You need to know a little Hebrew history of the Old Covenant in order to appreciate the New. {Later in Romans Paul will expand God’s enlarged concept of Gentiles as all Israel saved.}. (9:1-9)
4. Unto advaned perfection in the doctrine of Christ moves on to REFORMATION, REDEMPTION, and INHERITANCE and thru the atonement. (9:10-22)
5. Back to the New Covenant and the “blood of the new testament”. (9:23-28)
(a). New tabernacle is heaven.
(b). atonement, once for all and for all time.
(c). Salvation is completed at the Second Coming!
6. Advanced doctrine of Christ unto perfection, THE DOCTRINE OF THE CROSS! (10:1-13)
(a). Unto perfection with faith.
(b). Confidence in drawing near to God because of: (1) true heart in full assurance of faith, (2) hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and (3) bodies washed with pure water.
8. Profession of our faith, ways to hold fast to that profession. (10:24-39)
9. About the Perfection of Faith with Hebrew historical examples– (Hebrews 11)
NOTE: Those people of Hebrew faith examples have not yet in heaven received the full promise of God, nor heavenly of our relatives and friends received it yet that have passed along. Perfection of the promise, alias sanctification or Christlikness, and the new bodies on the new earth is held in reserve for all of us to enjoy together at the second coming of Christ and the new earth. So those of faith in the past are now in heaven in sort of a holding pattern, and we can speculate that they are in training for their new positions on the new earth, God having taken unto Himself those before us to hold critical positions on the new earth.
10. “Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,
Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.” (Hebrews 12)

11. Practical implementations of unto perfection of faith (Hebrews 13)


NOTE1: Paul as obvious author of Hebrews. Don’t ever pay much attention to historical criticism as they tried to knock everything previously thought in order to magnify their superior knowledge. In doing so, they leaned too heavily on the wisdom of the world and fell under the category of the wisdom of men that God scoffs.

1. The chains and persecutions that his listeners shared written about in Hebrews 10.

2. The obvious style of Paul in all 14 letters that he wrote of showing his own outline, or the wherefores and therefores, and in the summing up, also the long sentences of free flow under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, and yet considered the best of Greek, and naturally the lawyer like logic.

3. In chapter 13, the mention of his own son in the faith Timothy and how those of Italy greet them, of course saying that went Paul finished the manuscript for published on which he had worked so many years before and after addresses in Hebrew synagogues.


Above photo is of a typical Roman Empire first century synagogue remains from


See other posts and pages on Hebrews at https://sungrist.net/2016/12/21/other-posts-and-pages-on-hebrews/


For a free Christmas gift you are welcome to download a copy of this PDF.  It is a lot to digest at one sitting at www.sungrist.org/prelimOutlinesungristorg.pdf

Checklist for Doctrines of God and Paul study: the Tree of Life and Destructive Distortions of Bible Doctrines

NOTE:  Doctrines or Bible teachings need not seem isolated from life.  Here is a checklist you will want to keep in mind to be apologetically answered during Bible studies of the Life and Letters of the Apostle Paul as that former lawyer of the nation of Israel and then Apostle to the Greeks, Romans, and all Gentiles and even to the Jews of his own nation before they rejected him and his message of the Risen Christ.  It is advised that you keep a copy, download in PDF, and both check it during Bible study and afterwards.


The Fall of Man by Lucas Cranach, a 16th-century German depiction of Eden, with the tree of life (left) and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil





I. Absolute Authority of the Word of God and God Himself and the Sacred Tree of Life.
1. These 2 trees have a lot of mystery about them, but simple to know is that God told man and woman that if they ate of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil they would die. To God it was a sacred tree, and His word was sacred and immutable, that is what is important.
2. Corollary to this is that God did not created us and this world, and therefore we have no obligation to honor, worship Him, and submit to His authority.
II. We as believers and believers in the priesthood of believers are captive to the authority of the World of God, and that no Peacemaking is possible apart from a submission to that authority of God.
1. Some do not respect and regard the authority of God Himself.
2. Some do not respect and regard the authority of the Word of God.
3. Some subvert that authority as subservient to their own authority.
4. Some believe in a certain evolution of religion, denominations, and the goodness of people that supplements the Word of God.
5. Many leaders believe that the average Christian is not capable of reading and finding truth for Himself in the Bible {soul competentcy and, freedom under God to learn, and the availability of the hermeneutics rules in the Bible Itself.}
5. Many regard their own wants, needs, and desires to be greater than the words and Word of God.
III. Dangerous and Destructive Distortions of Doctrine of teachings.
DEFINITION OF DESTRUCTIVE DOCTRINES: Any doctrine or teaching that gets in the way of man’s salvation, past, present, or future.
               a. In the nation and world at large.
1. Any support of a god or God rather than the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ.
2. Any denial of the Divinity of Christ as the Son of God, and the Trinity of God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
3. Stubborn adherence to self rightness in any and all things and self love called pride in the Bible.
4. The taking of special and personal dispensations with the clear and obvious word of God is rebellion against God Himself.
5. The soul that sins will not die, the orignal lie of Satan to get the first human couple to start sin in the blood stream of the human race.
6. Fake and artificial “niceness” of the world is the ultimate in social and public relations, and can be a simulated substitute of kindness.
7. There can be peace in a nation without rectification of the hurting of the people, and just the statements of “peace, peace, when there is no peace” can do any more than “heal the hurt of the people slightly.”
8. That the world is headed ultimately to world peace, without any destruction of this old heaven and earth, and that the world will not END in a violent earth shaking violence brought on by God Himself.
9. The majority is right on religious matters, and the majority will obtain salvation.
                                          b. Among believers.
1. Unwarranted freedoms and interpretations of the Bible for personal status or gain.

NOTE:  very popular examples now are the Swaggerts and Joel Osteen, members of the household of God and workers on the same side for Christ–clay and wood instead of the silver and gold appearance they have, no matter how much we love them we love the Word and authority of God much more.  They share the same common background, or lack of background problem of little or no formal Bible training before they were under the gun to deliver.  (1) Like Charles Spurgeon would advise Jimmy and Joel, “Be not such a wiseacre as you think you have nothing to learn from the past; (2) get in step in your interpretations of the Bible with “the faith once for all delivered to the saints” (Jude 3), a common and shared faith believe it or not; and (3) there are other Christian preachers doing the work of Christ than you that are much more faithful to the accuracy of the Bible.
2. That there is any such thing as a baptism is the Holy Spirit shown by speaking in unknown tongues.
3. Efforts to substitute unknown tongues, condemned in I Corinthians 14, for the known tongues and functions of the first Day of Pentecost after the Ascension.
4. All efforts of church and denominational leaders to subvert their own status and authority for the authority of God and His Word.
5. Bible Hermeneutics that denies formal Bible training and respect for learning from the past, in praise or preaching.
6. Any church organization that makes money is a Den of Thieves as laid out by Jeremiah and Jesus, and is also a dangerous distortion of the Bible doctrine of the church.
7. Special revelations that add to or take away from the Word of God in the Bible.
8. I can not read and understand the Word of God when special effort is not made to pray about it for wisdom and to find an effective spiritual guide like Philip. {Spurgeon wrote in “Lectures to My Student”, “Be not such a wiseacre as to think you have nothing to learn from the past.”
                              c. On Eschatology.
1. The false teaching that there are two Second Comings of Christ, one at a false rapture and one at the End.
2. Christians will not be and in fact are not already in the great apostasy called the Falling Away.
3. Misguided Bible interpretations that deny the Forever Kingdom passages in spite of those words themselves in the passages like Isaiah 65.
4. God does not now or in the OT Prophets bring calamities on His own people in order to correct their behavior.
5. There are not primarily two evils of a nation in the sight of God, to forsake God the fountain of living waters and to make substitute cisterns that can hold no water. {Contrary to Jeremiah 2:17}
IV. Causes and Cures of Destructive Distortions of Doctrine.
THE BIBLE, MORE BIBLE, AND MOST BIBLE.  And you will get that in 14 out of 27 of the New Testament books in the Bible study to follow, and in the own words of Paul and God, and with the ASPI of good hermeneutics.
NOTES on the Tree of Life.
1. “The Tree of Life is a 2011 American experimental epic drama film written and directed by Terrence Malick and starring Brad Pitt, Sean Penn, and Jessica Chastain. The film chronicles the origins and meaning of life by way of a middle-aged man’s childhood memories of his family living in 1950s Texas, interspersed with imagery of the origins of the known universe and the inception of life on Earth.”


2. “Tree of life (biblical) … In the Book of Genesis, the tree of life is first described in Genesis 2:9 as being planted with the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Hebrew: עֵץ הַדַּעַת‎) “in the midst of the Garden of Eden” by Yahweh Elohim (Hebrew: יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים‎).”
“The Tree Of Life
by Henry M. Morris, Ph.D.
Evidence for Creation › Evidence from Scripture › Accurate Data › Historical Accuracy › Genesis Is Historically True › Sin Caused Death

The wonderful Tree of Life, discussed in the two “book ends” of the Bible, Genesis and Revelation, is one of the most fascinating (yet enigmatic) subjects in all the inspired word of God. It is first mentioned in Genesis 2:9:

And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
The fruit of this tree was “good for food” and Adam was told that he could “freely eat” of it (Genesis 2:16).

However, he was not required to eat its fruit to stay alive! He was created by God to live without dying, with only one restriction—that is, he was not to eat of “the tree of knowledge of good and evil,” for that would cause him to die (Genesis 2:17).

Later that same day, Eve was created, after Adam had first given names to each basic kind of animal—that is, specifically, only the “beast of the field” and the “fowl of the air” (Genesis 2:19), those that would be most likely to be in close proximity and possible fellowship with humans. He could easily have accomplished this in a few hours. Then Eve was created and was given the same instruction about eating as Adam had received, for she referred to these instructions when the serpent tempted her some time later.

Despite God’s clear warning, she and Adam both then rebelled against God’s word and ate of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, and thus “sin entered into the world” (Romans 5:12). As a result, death also came into the world when God—true to His word—told them that “unto dust shalt thou return” (Genesis 3:19).

Furthermore, God’s Curse was pronounced on the very “ground” itself, out of which the bodies of both animals and men had been formed (Genesis 3:17; 1:24; 2:7), so that “the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now” (Romans 8:22). Thus “by man came death,” and “in Adam all die” (I Corinthians 15:21,22).

Then God cast Adam (with Eve) out of His beautiful garden, “lest he . . . take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever” (Genesis 3:22).

This seems to create a problem, possibly even an apparent contradiction in God’s words. God cannot contradict Himself, of course, so this is our problem, not His. Many so-called “progressive” creationists, as well as theistic evolutionists, argue that Adam and Eve must already have been eating regularly of the Tree of Life in order to stay alive, even before they sinned. Otherwise they would have died physically even if they had never sinned, or so the argument goes. Then they argue that the death pronouncement by God on their sin was a “spiritual” death, not physical.

This idea, of course, contradicts the clear statement of God that they would die physically, as well as spiritually, with their bodies returning to the dust. Furthermore, it makes a travesty of Christ’s death on the cross for our sins! Why would Christ have to die physically—and such a horrible physical death at that!—in order to atone for man’s “spiritual” death?

But our accommodationist brethren are anxious to preserve the “old-earth” dogma of the evolutionists at all costs and so are willing to adjust Genesis and the gospel in whatever ways they need to do so in order to avoid conflict with modern scientism. They insist that we must accept the evolutionary ages of geology with their billions of fossils and their billion-year spectacle of suffering and death before sin entered the world, in order to be acceptable to the intellectual community.

Nevertheless, the Genesis record—supported as literal history throughout all the rest of Scripture—is explicitly clear in teaching that physical suffering and death were introduced into the world only when Adam sinned. Thus, even if Adam and Eve had continued to eat the delicious fruit of the Tree of Life after they had sinned, they would eventually have died anyway because God had said so! However, this health-promoting fruit might have enabled them to live an inordinately long time before dying. Even as it was, Adam lived 930 years (Genesis 5:5).

The solution to our problem may well be that the Hebrew word ola (translated “for ever” in Genesis 3:22) could legitimately be translated “a very long time.” For example, in Isaiah 42:14 God says: “I have long time [olam] holden my peace.” It is obvious that “for ever” is not warranted in this context, for God will not hold His peace forever! Similarly, note Deuteronomy 33:15: “. . . precious things of the lasting [olam] hills.” The hills may last a long time, but not forever. The Hebrew olam is translated “old time” in Joshua 24:2, and is applied to the “ancient landmark” in Proverbs 22:28 and the “ancient people” in Isaiah 44:7.

There are a number of other such examples. The word olam certainly does not have to mean “forever” unless the context so indicates. Therefore, it would be legitimate to read Genesis 3:22 as follows: “. . . lest he . . . take also of the tree of life and eat and live an excessively long time.” There is thus no necessary indication in this verse that death was in the world before Adam brought sin into the world.

How long the Garden of Eden survived in the primeval world after the expulsion of Adam and Eve has not been revealed. If not destroyed earlier, it was certainly carried away by the devastating waters of the great flood, when “the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished” (II Peter 3:6).

But the marvelous Tree of Life will be planted once again “in the midst of the paradise of God” in the new earth which God will create some day and “they that do his commandments” will then “have right to the Tree of Life” (Revelation 2:7; 22:14).

And note its remarkable character! “On either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations” (Revelation 22:2).

Not just one Tree of Life as in the original Garden of Eden, but many such trees will be planted there with their beautiful and nutritious fruits, freely available to all who “do His commandments”—that is, to everyone in the holy city. The fruit will be different every month,** but always “pleasant to the sight, and good for food.” Furthermore, its leaves will also be of great value, since they are for “the healing of the nations.” This cannot mean that, without these healing leaves the people in these “nations of them which are saved” (Revelation 21:24) would otherwise become sick and die because God has assured us that in the holy city, “there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away” (Revelation 21:4). The leaves will not be needed to heal sickness any more than the fruit of that original Tree of Life in Eden was needed to prevent death.

It is significant that the Greek word translated “healing” in this verse (therapeia) is translated “household” in Matthew 24:45 and Luke 12:42, referring to the staff of servants employed in keeping the affairs of a great house running efficiently. It is the source of our English word “therapy.” Thus, the leaves of the tree will be for the “therapy,” or the effective services, of the nations in the new earth. As the fruits of the tree will surely contain many nutrients for happy vigorous service by Christ’s servants in the ages to come (Revelation 22:3), so its leaves will contain a complex of chemical substances useful in the occupations and general economy of those ages.

It is pointless to speculate as to the exact nature of the Tree of Life, for God has not told us, and there is no tree like it in the present world. The same is true with reference to the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. God is well able to create any kind of tree He wishes, and we do well to leave it at that!

Because of the marvelous nature of the Tree of Life, however, the writer(s) of Proverbs used it (under divine inspiration of course) as a symbol of four wonderful truths.

First, the true wisdom “is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her” (Proverbs 3:18). That true wisdom can be none other than Christ (I Corinthians 1:30, Colossians 2:3).

Second, “the fruit of the righteous is a tree of life” (Proverbs 11:30). Indeed, “the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth” (Ephesians 5:9). A life such as that will be like a tree of life to all who encounter it.

Third, “when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life” (Proverbs 13:12). That is, fulfilled hope, like true wisdom and righteousness is so vitalizing as to be a source of renewed vigorous life.

Fourth, “a wholesome tongue is a tree of life” (Proverbs 15:4). Therefore, “let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man” (Colossians 4:6).

We can eagerly, yet patiently and fruitfully, look forward to enjoying the delicious, nourishing fruit of the Tree of Life in the holy city some day. In the meantime, we can pray that God will help us to be like little, life-giving trees ourselves through growing in true wisdom, living righteously, offering hope to the lost in our midst, and using our God-given abilities of communication graciously and meaningfully to all those we meet.

* Dr. Morris is Founder and President Emeritus of ICR.
** Note the incidental reference to “months.” Time had a beginning when God created it (Genesis 1:1), but it will have no end. The words “time no longer” in Revelation 10:6 are in the sense of “delay no longer.”
“Tree of life (biblical)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
See also Tree of life for other cultural interpretations, and Tree of life (disambiguation) for other meanings.


The Fall of Man by Lucas Cranach, a 16th-century German depiction of Eden, with the tree of life (left) and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil
The tree of life (Hebrew: עֵץ הַֽחַיִּים‎, StandardEtz haChayim) is a term used in the Hebrew Bible that is a component of the world tree motif.[1]
In the Book of Genesis, the tree of life is first described in Genesis 2:9 as being planted with the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Hebrew: עֵץ הַדַּעַת‎) “in the midst of the Garden of Eden” by Yahweh Elohim (Hebrew: יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים‎). In Genesis 3:24 cherubim guard the way to the tree of life at the east end of the Garden. The tree of life has become the subject of some debate as to whether or not the tree of the knowledge of good and evil is the same tree.[2]
Outside of Genesis, the term “tree of life” appears 11 times in the Bible: in Proverbs (3:18; 11:30; 13:12; 15:4), 2 Esdras (2:12; 8:52), 4 Maccabees (18:16), and Revelation (2:7; 22:2,14,19).
5. Tree of Life in other cultures.

“Tree of life –


The concept of a tree of life is a widespread mytheme or archetype in the world’s mythologies, related to the concept of sacred tree more generally,[1] and hence in religious and philosophical tradition.

The expression Tree of Life was used as a metaphor for the phylogenetic tree of common descent in the evolutionary sense in a famous passage by Charles Darwin (1872).[2]

The tree of knowledge, connecting to heaven and the underworld, and the tree of life, connecting all forms of creation, are both forms of the world tree or cosmic tree, according to the Encyclopædia Britannica,[3] and are portrayed in various religions and philosophies as the same tree.[4]