Preface: Prophets to the Nations.

Preface:  Prophets to the Nations.

The only way the Old Testament Prophets can be out of date is if nations of the world are out of date, for God the ruler of the universe made the Prophets International Prophets, the “Prophet to the Nations”.  Since God is eternal, immutability, and determinative in world history, if you want to see and know where nations are ultimately headed then the Prophets are the key, and further if you want to know then end goal of all history, it is:  (1) the literal Forever Kingdom to such up all other nations and kingdoms, (2) the Day of the Lord with a “cup of wine of wrath” (Jeremiah 1:5;1:10; and 25:15) for most nations, and (3) After the Second Coming of Christ, God the Father plants New Jerusalem on His favorite spot of Mount Zion in its present location of Israel.

NOTE:  Lest you think the nations are out of date, the oft repeated islands of the seas takes care of many including the US, however in the language it again shows God preference for Mount Zion in Israel to plant both Himself and New Jerusalem.

Since God thinks that spot is so important, as we near the End of the world you notice that focus more and more becomes centered on the Middle East and in particular on Megiddo Israel and the Jezreel valley as the site of World War III, the terminal war to end all wars.  Take Damascus as an example, now in Syria and the attention of much of the internal strife in Syria, and you must stop to consider that once it was part of the Northern Kingdom (10 tribes) of Israel as they separated from Judah of the Southern Kingdom, that in the Samaria of the first century Roman Empire, Jesus preached at Jacob’s well to the Samaritan woman about the water of life, and later in Damascus of Samaria Paul on the way to persecute Christians there saw a vision of the Ascended Christ and was converted, later believers were first called Christians in Antioch of Samaria.

“Let the nations be wakened, and come up to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; for there I will sit to judge all the surrounding nations.  Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe.  Come, go down; for the whimpers is full, the vats overflow–for their wickedness is great.  Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision!  For the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision.  The sun and moon will grow dark, and the stars will diminish their brightness.  The LORD also will roar from Zion, and utter His voice from Jerusalem; the heavens and earth will shake; but the LORD will be shelter for His people, and the strength of the children of Israel.”  (Joel 3:12-16)

It is easy to tire of all these predictors of the END, such as the one correlating Turkey with Damascus and Israel as Turkey (we have no evidence now that Turkey will be the prime attacker, but the indications are for Syria, Iran, and Russia); however this sensationalist bases his predictions of the Old Testament Prophets on the complete destruction of Damascus, perhaps the oldest continuance city in the world.  Take for example the Prophet Isaiah’s proclamation against Syria and Israel, in particular against Damascus once a powerful and prosperous city in the world from Isaiah 17.

“The burden against Damascus.

“Behold, Damascus will cease from being a city,
And it will be a ruinous heap.” (Isaiah 17:1)

Granted that Damascus has been destroyed and rebuilt many times, one notable being when Assyria took the Northern Kingdom captive and deported most of the residents filling the city and Northern Kingdom with other foreign immigrants, but as you read these words and the rest of Isaiah 17 you get as Carroll states a sense of partial fulfillments of a prediction to be completely fulfilled at or near the END.  If you have opportunity read please Isaiah 17 and you will note that it stresses often “in that day” with a reminder of the Day of the LORD and Lord of the whole Bible; and you can not help but think with the total message of 17, especially with the bottom line of 17:12-14, that this is the same cup of wine of the wrath of God as with the other Prophets.

Woe to the multitude of many people
Who make a noise like the roar of the seas,
And to the rushing of nations
That make a rushing like the rushing of mighty waters!
13 The nations will rush like the rushing of many waters;
But God will rebuke them and they will flee far away,
And be chased like the chaff of the mountains before the wind,
Like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.
14 Then behold, at eventide, trouble!
And before the morning, he is no more.
This is the portion of those who plunder us,
And the lot of those who rob us.  (Isaiah 17:12-14)

P-1:    To the Nations — Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, and Isaiah

We must distinguish between these four major Writing Prophets.  If God called Jeremiah to be a Prophet to the nations, and He did, how is it that Daniel, Ezekiel, and Isaiah also had much to say about the destiny of the nations, yet were not called Prophets to the nations; or were they?

First, the call of Jeremiah, the priest, to be a Prophet.

“I have appointed thee a prophet unto the nations….I have this day set thee over the nations and over the kingdoms, to pluck up and to break down, to destroy and to overthrow….Take this cup of wine of wrath at my hand, and cause all the nations to whom I send thee to drink it.”  (Jeremiah 1:5;1:10; and 25:15)

Our problem is that nowhere are we told that Jeremiah actually visited other nations, except Egypt near the end of his ministry.  Somehow we know that Jeremiah delivered these messages to the 21 nations that are named after 25:27, since he tells us in 25:27 that he did take the cup at Jehovah’s hand and caused all those 21 nations to drink of it.  He must have either visited these nations or wrote down the messages and sent them to the nations to read.  Is there the possibility that he did some of the work through Ezekiel and Daniel.  Ezekiel and Daniel were already captives to the North.  Ezekiel was taken captive to Babylon in 598 B.C. where he like Jeremiah preached the destruction of Judah and Jerusalem.  Daniel was taken captive earlier, in 605 B.C., the first year of Nebuchadnezzar invasion of Syria and Palestine.  While Jeremiah and Ezekiel were both priests, Daniel was a statesman and governor.  Ezekiel was called to be a Prophet five years after with King Jehoiachin he was taken captive to Babylon.

It is clear from the call of Ezekiel to be a Prophet recorded in Ezekiel 1,2 that Ezekiel was called to be a Prophet only to Israel in Exile.  The call begins with in the first chapter a vision from God.

“Such was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD.  And when I saw it, I fell upon my face, and I heard the voice of one speaking (Ezekiel 1:29)…And he said to me, ‘Son of man, sand upon your feet, and I will speak with you.’  And when he spoke to me, the Spirit entered into me and set me upon my feet; and I heard him speaking to me.  And he said to me, ‘Son of man, I send you to the people of Israel, to a nation of rebels, who have rebelled against me; they and their fathers have transgressed against me to this very day.  The people also are impudent and stubborn:  I send you to them; and you shall say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD.’  And whether they hear or refuse to hear (for they are a rebellious house) they will know that there has been a prophet among them.”  (Jeremiah 2:1-5 RSV)

What a ministry as a Prophet, to Israel a nation of rebels who may not listen to him, and that the bottom line of his ministry is that the people must know that there is a prophet of God among them.

The beginning of Daniel is more historical that a call to be a Prophet like Jeremiah and Ezekiel.

“In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it.  And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with some of the vessels of the house of God; and he brought them to the land of Shinar, to the house of his god, and placed the vessels in the treasury of his god.  Then the king commanded Ashpenaz, his chief eunuch, to bring some of the people of Israel, both of the royal family and of the nobility, youths without blemish, handsome and skillful in all wisdom, endowed with knowledge, understanding learning, and competent to serve in the king’s palace, and to teach them the letters and language of the Chaldeans….Among them were Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah of the tribe of Judah.”  (Daniel 1:1-4,6  RSV)

I think herein we have found a way that some of Jeremiah’s messages to the nations could get at least to the Chaldeans.  As we know from the history of Daniel in Chaldea,  Daniel became a leader in the palace of the kings.

P-2:  Messages to Five Nations.

Also Jeremiah 27 tells us of how the messages got to five kings of the 21.

“In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD to me:  ‘Make for yourselves bonds and yokes, and put them on your neck, and send them to the king of Edom the king of Moab, the king of the Ammonites, the king of Tyre, and the king of Sidon, by the hand of the messengers who come to Jerusalem to Zedekiah king of Judah.”  (Jeremiah 27:1-3 NJKV)

It is interesting that the word came to Jeremiah as to what to do at the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim, but it was to actually happened during the reign of Zedekiah.

Following the commission of Jeremiah of how to get messages to five of the nations, God gives the message.

(1).  The Great Maker of History explains Who He Is.

  1. LORD of hosts, the God of Israel.
  2. Creator of earth, man, and animals.
  3.   By His power and His arm that is active in history, this God has given the works of His Creation to whomever it seemed proper to Him.  (Wow, what a Great Maker of History!)

(2).  God tells them that He has given all these lands over into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon who is His Servant.  (Jeremiah 27:5)

NOTE:  Hopefully in this context and the verse of Jeremiah 27:5, our concept and knowledge of progressive revelation in the Bible leads us to see how early in ancient history God let Himself be known, not only as the God of Israel, but also as the LORD of Hosts, alias the God of all nations and the Universe.

“I have made the earth, the man and the beast that are on the ground, by My great power and by My outstretched arm, and have given it to whom it seemed proper to Me.”  (Jeremiah 27:5)

And if you fail to see the control of God in human history and among nations operating here undeniable, then I feel sorry for you. Either you have a severe problem with intellectual honesty, or you have failed to comprehend this Scripture and many others which teach God as always and ever at work in human history.

  1. All nations shall serve him, his son, and his grandson
  2. The end of this reign is determined as “until the time of his land comes”.
  3. God will punish the nation that will not serve the king of Babylon with sword, famine, and pestilence.
  4. A warning not to listen to your nation’s prophets, your diviners, dreamers, soothsayers, and sorceress who tell you not to serve the king of Babylon.
  5. The nations that serve the king of Babylon, God will let them remain in their own land to till it and live in it.

These same words were spoken to King Zedekiah of Judah, also to the priests and the people., “Until the Time of His Land Comes”, no doubt a phrase that we have never heard and perhaps never read in the Bible; however, which not only implies but states:  (1) God sets the lands of the nations, past and present; (2) God determines the time in history that a nations will rise and fall.  The implications of this phrase and this scriptural context are awesome:  it implies, yes demands, that the same God who determined in detail all the nations and their boundaries will do the same today for the United States and their neighbors.  It would far harder to prove that God dealt that with nations in the Sixth Century B.C., then stopped.  In fact, we cannot possible believe that as we know that another Prophet about to considered in this chapter, Daniel, prophesied concerned the Greek and Roman nations as well as the everlasting kingdom of Christ.

Edom?  At first, it may confuse us to find that the promise is also to Edom as well as the other close neighbors of Judah, for we know that hundreds of years ago, the Prophet Obadiah, 840 B.C. recorded for God the prediction of the destruction of Edom, to the extent that the nation would disappear.  Now, here in Jeremiah during the reign of the last king of Judah,  Zedekiah (597-587 B.C.), it is finally in the patience and work of God to be executed.  Jeremiah 49:7-22 is almost identical to Obadiah, and the message of complete destruction the same.

“As when Sodom and Gomorrah and their neighbor cities were overthrown, says the LORD, no man shall dwell there, no man shall sojourn in her.”  (Jeremiah 49:18 RSV)

P-3:  Isaiah on Edom, Other Nations, and Earth’s End.

Like Carroll indicates, you go to Isaiah for the whole spread of Prophesy, both predictive and the message for the time.  The introductory words of Isaiah place it at a time before Jeremiah.

“The vision of Isaiah the sons of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.”  (Isaiah 1:1  RSV)

For one thing the well-established historical event of 710 B.C. from secular and Biblical history, the destruction of Sennacherib’s army, is at the center of Isaiah.  Also it is known from both histories that this same year marked the beginning of a great political movement in the Gentile World, the foundation of the Median monarchy that finally broke the yoke of Babylon.  Sampey writes of the period of Isaiah.

“Isaiah’s prophetic ministry covered the stirring period during which Assyria, under the leadership of Pul, Shalmaneser IV, Sargon, and Sennacherib, repeatedly invaded Syria and Palestine,  From his watch-tower Isaiah surveyed the nations, from Assyria and Elam on the east to Egypt and Ethiopia on the southwest, and Jehovah asserted by the mouth of His prophet, His sovereignty over all the earth.” 

Isaiah is the great landmark writing Prophet of the Bible, considered the prophet of Prophets.  Before him were Obadiah, Joel, Jonah, and Amos; contemporary with Isaiah were Hosea in Israel and Micah in Judah.  B.H. Carroll in his volumes of AN INTERPRETATION OF THE ENGLISH BIBLE divides the Writing Prophets into three Periods:  first, the Prophets of the Assyrian Period–Obadiah, Joel, Jonah, Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Micah, and Nahum; secondly, the Prophets of the Chaldean Period–Zephaniah, Habakkuk, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel; and thirdly the Persian Period–Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi.  Isaiah 13-23 is called “The Book of Foreign Prophecies” as it deals with these other nations around Judah and Israel.  Messages are recorded for ten foreign nations and in this order:  Babylon, Assyria, Philistia, Moab, Damascus, Ethiopia, Egypt, Dumah, Arabia, and Tyre.

Dumah is Edom in this list:  that is found in Isaiah 34.  Yet the passage of Isaiah 34 implies much more scatological judgement than on Edom, as if Edom has become a symbol of all on whom God will rain out His final wrath.  You see both the eschatological and the general nature of world judgment at the beginning of chapter 34.

“Come near, you nations, (see, to all nations), to hear; and heed, you people!  Let the earth hear, and all that is in it, the world and all things that come forth from it.  For the indignation of the LORD is against all nations, and His fury against all their armies;  He has utterly destroyed them, He has given them over to the slaughter….All the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled up like a scroll; all their host shall fall down.”  (Isaiah 34:1-4 NJKV)

In the last verse you see God’s judgment on the heavens as well as the earth, definitely an eschatological event of the end of the last days.  But one thing that will help us in our study is that we can see judgment against the particular nation named Edom has already been pronounced.

Isaiah deals with many nations in his book.  A summary follows.

  1. A Prophesy Against Babylon (Isaiah 13)
  2. A Prophesy Against Assyria (Isaiah 14:24-27)
  3. A Prophesy Against the Philistines (14:28-32)
  4. A Prophecy Against Moab (15:1-16:13)
  5. An Oracle Against Damascus (Isaiah 17)
  6. A Prophesy Against Cush (Isaiah 18)
  7. A Prophesy Against Egypt (Isaiah 19)
  8. A Prophecy Against Egypt and Cush (Isaiah 20)
  9. A Prophesy Against Babylon (Isaiah 21:1-10)
  10. A Prophesy Against Edom (Isaiah 21:11-12)

“An oracle concerning Dumah:  Someone calls to me from Seir, ‘Watchman, what is left of the night?  Watchman, what is left of the night?’  The watchman replies, ‘Morning is coming, but also the night.  If you would ask, then ask; and come back yet again.’”  (Isaiah 21:11-12 NIV)

  1. Prophecy Against Arabia (Isaiah 21:13-16)
  2. A Prophesy About Tyre (Isaiah 23)

Isaiah on Devastation of the Earth

While God is letting Isaiah know and tell all about the destruction of nations, and some with eschatological content, He lays the ultimate devastation on the earth.  This is one of the few times that it is so clearly spelled out and with so many details.  We need to know the message; and we need to know the words so that we recognize those word when they are being quoted in the words of other books of the Bible.  This will enable us to distinguish between predictions that have more short time and then final time fulfillment.

  1. This is a judgment on the earth and its inhabitants.

“See, the LORD is going to lay waste the earth and devastate it; and scatter its inhabitants–”  (Isaiah 24:1 NIV)

  1. It will be a democratic judgment on all peoples.

“it will be the same for priest as for people, for master as for servant, for mistress as for maid, for seller as for buyer, for borrower as for lender, for debtor as for creditor.”  (Isaiah 24:2 NIV)

  1. The earth completely laid waste and totally plundered.

(1).  You must see that this word is spoke by the LORD Himself.

(2).  The earth dries up like a drought and withers, and at the same time the exalted people of the earth languages (it takes time).

“The earth dries up and withers, the world languishes and withers, the exalted of the earth languish.”  (Isaiah 24:4 NIV)

  1. A curse has come on the earth because of the guilt of the people. (Isaiah 24:5-10)

(1).  The Earth has been defiled by the people:  they have disobeyed laws, violated statutes, and broken “the everlasting covenant.”

(2).  Earth’s inhabitants are burned up with very few left; wine and merriment are gone; gone also is the sound of music instruments and revelers, and of the joyful harp.

(3).  Gone is wine and song, the taste of the beer, cities lie desolate, houses boarded up, cries come for wine, joy turns to gloom, and there is no gaiety on the earth.

The city is left in ruins, its gate is battered to pierced.  So will it be on the earth and among the nations, as when an olive tree is beaten, or as when gleanings are left after the grape harvest.  They raises their voices, they shout for joy; from the west they acclaim the LORD’s majesty.  Therefore in the east give glory to the LORD; exalt the name of the LORD, the God of Israel, in the islands of the sea.  From the ends of the earth we hear singing:  ‘Glory to the Righteous One.’  But I said, ‘I waste away, I waste away!  Woe to me!  The treacherous betray!  With treachery the treacherous betray!’  Terror and pit and snare await you, O people of the earth.  Whoever flees at the sound of terror will fall into a pit; whoever climbs out of the pit will be caught in a snare.”  (Isaiah 24:12-18 NIV)

  1. The Heavens are Shaken and the Earth is Shaken “in that day” (like the “one day of the LORD” of many other predictions), and the spiritual wickedness in high places will be punished as well as the people on the earth; and the sun and the moon will be affected; and the LORD Almighty will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem with the elders, gloriously (Isaiah 24:18-23)

Jeremiah on Other Nations.

A look back at our outline of chapter 5 of the book of Jeremiah, we will see that Jeremiah 46 is a prophecy about Egypt, Jeremiah 47 about the Philistines, chapter 48 about Moab, chapter 49 about Ammon, Edom, and others; and then in chapters 50 and 51 the fall of Babylon is predicted.

Daniel on the Nations

First, we should note a very significant change in Daniel 5:30 as Belshazzar, king of the Babylonians is killed, and Darius, the Mede took over the kingdom at the age of 62.

“That very night Belshazzar, king of the Babylonians was slain, and Darius the Mede took over the kingdom, at the age of sixty-two.”  (Daniel 5:30 NIV)

P-4:  Another Look at The Gospel Explained.

Where then do the Apostles come in?  They complete the Gospel story that God the Holy Spirit started in the Prophets, and of course the Lord Jesus Christ fulfills as the Prophet Messiah predicted by the Prophet Moses, the Gospel and all things.

NOTE:  Do not forget that the Magic Outline, or the Outline of the Old Testament according to the New Testament, and New Testament quotes is in this Top 12 Topics of the Bible outline, placed under the headings of (1) the Old Testament quote itself under “The Gospel Proclaimed”,  (2) “Presented” From Matthew, the location in this most thorough gospel as related to quotes, often by Jesus, (3) “Explained” with quotes in Hebrews and Romans, (4) “Reinforced” with the Old Testament quotes in Luke, and (5) Append sized with the Old Testament quotes in Mark. Or from the top headings of the Appendix of this volume 1, below.

Hebrews and Romans are as surely as much the Gospel, the Gospel according to Paul as are Matthew, John, Luke, and Mark.  Hebrews being Paul’s original Gospel address to the Jewish synagogues is the Gospel especially to the Jews, and Romans is the expanded Gospel version of Hebrews to the Gentiles.  You have previously noted that while Psalms quotes dominate the book of Hebrews, the quotes from Isaiah dominate that of Romans.  {It should be added that before Paul from imprisonment in Roman published Hebrews, he made certain additions for the Christians to whom it was sent.}

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Introduction to Christ for Individuals (CFI)

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The contemporary gap between Christ and church membership should be obvious to all. It hardly matters which church or denomination as you look at church members around you, and then look at the Christ of the Bible and the teachings of Christ, there is little similarity. The discouraging aspect of the gap is that it is getting larger each year. That means that it is diverging; and if it is diverging, it is conceivable that shortly the churches and Christ will be going in opposite directions. Horrible, yes; but what is the answer. What is the cure for this obvious and serious problem that has gripped the world of Christians? The answer is for church members to Learn Christ. Which Christ? The Christ from the apostles and prophets of the Bible. If one passage of the Bible were chosen as a gist or theme for this set of Bible commentaries, LEARN CHRIST FROM THE APOSTLES AND PROPHETS, it would be Ephesians 2:19-22. “Now, therefore, you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone, in whom the whole building being fitted together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord, in whom you also are being built together for a dwelling place of God in the Spirit.” (Ephesians 2:1922 NJKV) I know the classic reply for church leaders. “No human can be perfect”, and“at least they are trying.” No, that is the point: church members are not trying. They are doing what they want to do. They are not making positive efforts to be like Christ and to be like God, which is demanded in the Bible from the apostles and prophets. The description of what is presently happening to church members is like the description from the Apostle Paul in II Timothy 4:3,4: “For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but according to their own desires, because they have itching ears, they will heap
up for themselves teachers, and they will turn their ears from the truth…” (II Timothy 4:3,4 NJKV) You see it is no longer a negative thing of “we are trying…our heart is in the right place…but we just cannot reach perfection.” No, that is not it! It is a positive matter of first, a lack of tolerance for sound doctrine–church members will not listen to sound doctrine, church members will not go to hear sound doctrine, and church members will not tolerate preachers and teachers who preach sound doctrine. Church members, according to the Apostle Paul’s description, are motivated not by any effort to be like Christ and any effort at perfection, but are motivated by their own human desires; that is, “according to their own desires,” and “because they have itching ears.” In short, church members are doing what they want to do and they are believing what they want to believe. What they want to believe is things that will tickle their ears. Things that will give them pleasure like, “nobody is perfect” and “you are the people of God”, and “at least you are trying”. Maybe 20 or 30 years ago that was true; but not now. And the apex of the gap in Paul’s description is that they pile up or heap to themselves teachers. It is much like building a dirt fortress or batiment around themselves in order to protect themselves from sound doctrine. They buy books from teachers that feed their desires; they run off teachers and preachers that offend their itching ears with the truth; and they call as pastors, teachers, and administrators those “teachers” that will teach according to their own desires. The whole motivation is to turn away from the truth. Now, brother, that is a positive thing. It takes a lot of effort for so-called “Christians” to turn away from the truth of the Bible. It takes a lot of effort for church members to cease to Learn Christ; and in the place of learning Christ to learn some kind of church membership that is based on “desires” and “itching ears”. Some today, like among Presbyterians, are worried about an intolerance caused by the preaching of Christ as the only way of salvation. Brothers, you had better be concerned about the intolerance of sound doctrine that is growing. Being the third volume of the LEARN Christ commentaries, it is centered around the five books of the Apostle John with the emphasis on the book of Revelation. This approach helps to support the title theme of “Christ for Individuals”. As churches and denominations are “falling away” from God, Christ, and the Bible (not falling away from churches as church attendance may actually go up during the falling away), it is important that the few sound doctrine church members remaining of the seven Christian thousand adopt to themselves the Christ of the individual that is presented in Revelation 2-3. The approach to the eschatology of Revelation is simple. The outline is taken from the teachings of Jesus as given in Matthew 24 with the major divisions of the History of Christianity all the way to the end given by the natural divisions of“and then”: (1) Beginning of Sorrows; (2) Period of Persecution Tribulation (the tribulation of the fourth period is primarily physical tribulation and from God as the heavens and earth fall apart, the shaking of heaven and earth); (3) The Period of Offences, often the most neglected, when God’s people are offended by sound doctrine, betray and hate one another; and (4) The period of the Falling away which includes lawlessness and all the end time events. Remember, however, that whatever is in one period continues into the other periods.

In the Table of Contents of CFI, Christ for Individuals, you will notice the 3 major divisions of (1) The Book of Revelation., (2) The Gospel of John, and (3) The Three Little Epistles of John.  (Actually John’s little epistles are harmonized in part 3 to once again illustrate the harmony between John and Paul in 3 each little epistles, and to set forth both Faith Contending and the Security of the Believer.



Volume 2:   Christ for Individuals

Introduction:   Christ for Individuals pg 5

The Book of Revelation

chapter 1:   Eschatology in the book of Revelation pg 8

chapter 2:  Pride or Worship God, Revelation 1-3 pg 24

chapter 3:  Number the People of God or Worship Christ, Revelation 4-7 pg 46

chapter 4:  The Seventh Seal, The Completion of History, Revelation 8-12 pg 60

chapter 5:  War Against the Remnant, Revelation 12-20 pg 71

chapter 6:  “How Long” pg 94

chapter 7:   New Heaven and New Earth,Revelation 21,22 pg 109

chapter 8:  The Overcomers are the Seven Thousand pg 127

The Gospel of John

chapter 9:  “Come and See”, the Gospel of John pg 146

chapter 10:  Revelation, the Gospel of John, and the Epistles.

chapter 11:  Signs for Believing in Jesus pg 171

The Little Epistles of John Plus

chapter 12:   Security of the Believer pg 197

chapter 13:  Complete Outline of I John pg 214

chapter 14:  Faith and Faith Contending in the Bible pg 230

chapter 15:  Some Sounds of a Sound Faith pg 244

chapter 16:  What Do You Do? pg 282

You are welcome to receive the CFI book by free PDF download from the SunGrist website, or order it from several bookstores included the two listed below of Amazon and Barnes and Noble. 

  1.  The free download on the SunGrist website at .   You can either free download the complete volume 2 of LCC at
  2. Or free download any or all of the 3 parts of Revelation, John, and the Epistles.   (a) The book of Revelation at (b) The Gospel of John at , and (3) The Little Epistles of John and Paul at
  3. If you wish to own CFI in a paperback to increase or start your Bible book library, you can get it at a number of local bookstores including and Barnes and Noble.  (a)  On at                                 and                                                                                      (b) on Barnes and Nobel at  .

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Part I:  Deuteronomy Bible and It’s NT Quotes Introduction.

This section of Bible based on Deuteronomy reminds us that the BIBLE IS ONE.  Even as the Trinity is the Godhead of three persons and “God is One”, so also the Bible is two major divisions of Old and New Testament with the Bible as One large Book from God of 66 books.  We appreciate men like Hester who have given us outstanding Bible study in two semesters with “Heart of Hebrew History” and the “Heart of the New Testament”, and the Bible teachers of Ouachita and Baylor who taught us; also Samey’s “Heart of the Old Testament” which is a pleasure to read now; however at some point of maturity in our Christian lives of Bible, we need to bring the Bible back to One.  It is noteworthy that historical criticism and so many commentaries today, and study Bibles out of DTS with duplicate Scofield notes, enjoy separating one Bible book from another for study; and that is the way more denominations as man’s creations are born, or worse the Scofield Reference Bible movement is enhanced as the DTS graduates are now striving to do with their Study Bible creations and through selling on the Lifeway of the SBC.

This Literal Bible series encourages the understanding of the Bible as ONE, getting it all back together as it should be with One author the Spirit of God.  Granted is so hard for sceptics and unbelievers, also those Christian leaders on the outskirts of belief to begin to fathom the Miracle that God generated in a period of one thousand years and many Old Testament Prophets and NT Jesus and Apostles of Jesus, ONE BOOK.  It is indeed a marvel of a miracle hard for them to swallow and admit, for one reason because of their failure to see the unity in the Bible of the love of God and the teaching of that love, and to be aware that God worked then and works now continually in the world for the benefit of those believers “chosen from before the foundation of the earth’.  The more todays pastors and denominational leaders today strain at the realities of the Trinity at work, the more they fail to practically see the Bible as One; and vice versa.

For example, how few today even of the most studious in the Bible recognize the ROYAL LAW OF LOVE , establish in Leviticus and made evident in the Prophet Messiah in the book of Deuteronomy.

James 2:8 (NKJV)

8”If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,”[a] you do well…”


  1. James 2:8 Leviticus 19:18

Deuteronomy 18:18,19

 “I will raise up for them a Prophet like you from among their brethren, and will put My words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command Him. 19 And it shall be that whoever will not hear My words, which He speaks in My name, I will require it of him.”

NOTE:  If you look for divisions in the Bible you get them, if you look for the unity and consistency in the Bible you get that.  “If two agree” speaks of two witnesses that agree, also the consistency of the Bible Itself, the OT and the NT agree, the royal law of the OT and the NT and exemplified in Christ and His death on the cross.

Part II:  The Outline of the Literal Bible of Deuteronomy and Its NT Quotes and Explanations.


  1. The Importance of Witnesses.
  2. Deuteronomy 5:16, Exodus 20:12 and 21:17, Leviticus 20:9, and Mark 7:10 where with Honor to parents and the law of death with dishonor, Jesus teaches that what is inside man rather than what goes inside him is defiling.
  3. Importance of knowing the Commandments: Deut 5:16-20 and Mark 10:19.


(Mark 10:19  NASV)

  1. What Commandment is Foremost? Mark 10:28-31 and Luke 10:26,27.

(1).  First is THE LORD OUR GOD IS ONE LORD, Deut 6:4,5 and Mark 10:29,30.

(2).  Second is Love Neighbor, Lev 19:18 and Mark 10:31.

  1. Worship God only and serve Him: Deuteronomy 6:13 and Luke 4:8.
  2. The importance of a special people to bear witness to God begins here and runs throughout the Old Testament: Deut 7:6 and Titus 2:14.
  3. Deuteronomy 8:3, Matthew 4:4, and Luke 4:4: Man should not live by bread alone.
  5. Live by Listening to what Jesus, the Prophet Messiah has to say: Deut 18:15,19, Acts 3:22,23, and Acts 7:37.

Listen to the Apostle Peter as he preaches quoting from the Prophet Moses in Deuteronomy: Moses said, ‘The Lord God shall raise up for you a Prophet like me from your brethren; to Him you shall give heed in everything He says to you.  And it shall be that every soul that does not heed that Prophet shall be utterly destroyed from among the people.   (Acts 3:22,23 NASV)

  1. Live by Listening to the testimony of God the Father to God the Son: Mark 9:7, a paraphrase of Deut 18:15,19 except from God Himself, and a direct quote in Psalm 11:7.

Then a cloud formed, overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, ‘This is My beloved

Son, listen to him!   (Mark 9:7  NASV)

  1. Live by Listening to other reliable and trustworthy witnesses: Deut 19:15.

One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth; at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.   (Deut 19:15  KJV)

(1).  Deut 19:15 and Matthew 18:16:  if your brother sins against you but refuses to listen, take your grievance to him byway of two or three witnesses; and if that does not work take it before the local church.

(2).  Deut 19:15 and II Corinthians 13:1:  Listen to the Apostle Paul!

This is the third time I am coming to you, EVERY FACT IS TO BE CONFIRMED BY THE


(3).  Deut 19:15 and John 8:17:  Listen to Jesus Himself!

Even in your law it has been written, that the testimony of two men is true.  I am He who bears witness of Myself, and the Father who sent Me bears witness of Me.   (John 8:17,18)

(4).  Deut 19:15 and I Timothy 5:18:  Listen to the elder of any local church (same as the pastor or bishop) right up to the point that any accusation against him has been established in that local church at the mouth of two or three witnesses.

  • How Can you Listen to a Common Criminal Like Jesus of Nazareth who was cursed in that

He was hanged or crucified on a tree (cross)?  Deut 21:22 and Galatians 3:13

  1. Deuteronomy 21:22.

And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree; His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day;(for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled; which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.   (Deut 21:22,23  KJV)

NOTE:  Jesus was very familiar with this portion of the Word of God as He was with all of the Old Testament, and when crying

My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me a cry of grief more than questioning He knew that God had to turn His back on such a curse on Christ for the sins of the whole world.

  1. Galatians 3:13.

ALL OF GODS WORDS AND WORD IS SERIOUS AND TO BE TAKEN SERIOUSLY WHETHER WRITTEN IN THE OLD TESTAMENT OR NEW TESTAMENT!  Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us for it is written, ‘Cursed is every one who hangs on a tree.

(Galatians 3:13  NASV)

(1).  We were cursed by the Law since striving to live by them and therefore keeping them, we knew ourselves to come far short; and therefore without real life!

(2).  Jesus in the death on the Cross became a curse in our place.

  1. Listen to Jesus seriously on a few other matters.

NOTE:  Especially if you think you were not under a curse because of your failures to live up to the Law and therefore did not need for Christ to become a curse in your place!

  1. Deuteronomy 24:1, Matthew 5:31, and Mark 10:4.

(1).  Deuteronomy 24:1.

When a man hath taken a wife (this is not necessarily the way you are cursed), and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favor in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her; then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house.  And when she is departed out of his house, she may go and be another mans wife.   (Deut 24:1,2  KJV)

(2).  Matthew 5:31.

And it was said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of dismissal; but I say to you that every one who divorces his wife, except for the cause of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.   (Matt 5:31,32  NASV)

(3).  Mark 10:4.

And some Pharisees came up to Him, testing Him, and began to question Him whether it was lawful for a man to divorce a wife.  And He answered and said to them, What did Moses command you? And they said, Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce and send her away.  But Jesus said to them, ‘Because of your hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment.  But from the beginning of creation, God made them male and female.  For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother, And the two shall become one flesh; consequently they are no longer two, but one flesh.  What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate.   (Mark 10:2-9  NASV)

  1. Deuteronomy 25:3-5 , I Corinthians 9:9, and I Timothy 5:18.

(1).  Be just in judgment in that the punishment correspond with the violation; don’t muzzle the ox as he treads the corn, and let a brother raise up children to his dead brothers wife.

(2).  It was written for our sakes more than for oxen in order that the worker may work with hope of reward for his works.

(3).  The elder (pastor or bishop) that works hard at preaching and teaching should receive likewise double compensation.

  1. Deuteronomy 25:6, Luke 20:28,38, and Mark 12:19.

(1).  Your dead brothers name is not to disappear from Israel.

NOTE:  Why should the eternal laws of God be so concerned about this one single name of a brother who died before he could have any children.  After all the last name of the dead childless and the brother would be the same!

(2).  According to Jesus it is more important to realize that in heaven there is no marriage, rather men are like the angels; and that men do not did who believe in God and Christ like Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, because they are still alive with the Living God!  (Luke 20:28,38 and Mark 12:19)

NOTE:  The real concern is that any mans name, alias himself and his real existence, not disappear from the eternal Israel of Gods real people of believing Jews and Gentiles!

  1. Listen also to a few other matters from the Apostle Paul in the Word of God!
  2. Deuteronomy 27:26 and Galatians 3:10.

(1).  Cursed is every man that does not confirm all the laws of God by doing all of them!

(2).  None can truly be justified by the Law, only by faith.

  1. Deuteronomy 32:12 and I Corinthians 10:20.

(1).  The LORD God led Israel and their was no strange gods among them.

(2).  The Gentiles sacrifice to demons not to God, and the Christian is to have no part in this worship of demons.

Part III.  The Paraphrase.

Then in Top Topic #3 of the Bible, based on the Literal Bible outline above, we paraphrase this Deuteronomy section of the OT with its quotes and explanations in the NT as follows__

Top Topic # 3:  Listen to the Consistency of Content

The subject of Top Topic #3, “The Composite Witness of the Bible”, can be stated also as “Listen to the Consistency of the Bible.”  At first, one might think of all the great subjects or topics of the Bible such as the Living God, that men still live after death {the Living God of the Living, Top Topic #1}; the characteristics of God such as holy and righteousness; the one salvation God has provided whereby man can be declared like God righteous and actually achieve a measure of righteousness in this life through the new birth and sanctification; that to pause in this Bible study for such a mundane subject as THE COMPOSITE WITNESS OF THE BIBLE is busy work or space filler; and when you consider so many great subjects or topics still to be considered as “What Happened to the Jews as the People of God”  {by the way a subject being used by itching ears Bible teachers today, and perverted}; or the Gospel of Jesus Christ in both the Old and New Testaments, such great subjects as the Day of the LORD {includes the Second Coming of Christ}; the New Earth, even a new people of God of a few Jews and many Gentiles; and a new capability to live up to the righteous demands of God with a new heart and new spirit, alias the new birth and sanctification {the salvation of the one baptism is a two step process}, then it would seem that such a subject as the consistency of the Bible is just a way to get from Topic # 1 and #2 to Topic #4 and beyond.  No, in many ways this Top Topic #3 is more important than all of them; for it helps you develop a concept of consistency for the Bible that can be a helpful, really indispensable, foundation for the study of all the other 12 Topics.

Composite Witness of the Bible:  Principle of Witnesses

3-1:  The Principle of Two or Three Witnesses.

This “principle of the Bible”, from God Himself, will get us down to the very practical level of a little nitty gritty on the composite nature of the Bible. {Hopefully you will come to the point in this Bible study and any time you see the words “composite” or “consistency”, you will also think of the “Principles of Two or More Witness” of the Bible. This consistency is the highest level, that is how the Old Testament and New Testament speak with one common voice and message; starts with the very fundamental “principle” or “law” as given by God Himself in the book of Deuteronomy.  It continues with I John, along with the second and third epistles of John, and after the writing of Revelation and the Gospel in that order, which is the bottom line of the whole Bible–the last to be written–even as the Apostle John was the last of the long line of message bringers from God to earth of Jesus, the Prophets, and the Apostles. Even as below we look at Deuteronomy 19:15 and I John 5:6-13, first from a Prophet and the second from an Apostle, the first from the Old Testament and the second from the New Testament, you should see a CONSISTENCY or COMPOSITE nature from the truths and messages of the Bible; one that begs a common source and author, that of God the Father Himself sometimes writing through the Spirit of Christ, sometimes through the Holy Spirit, sometimes through the teachings of Jesus; but always with “oracles of God” {this is an internal Bible word for Bible} written in order to communicate to a certain number of people on the earth with the right attitude.

  1. Deuteronomy 19:15.

“One witness shall not rise against a man concerning any iniquity or any sin that he commits; by the mouth of two or three witnesses the matter shall be established.”  (Deuteronomy 19:15)

Do you mean that you are going to use a trite example about a false or true accusation that one man makes about another, and way back there in history as a matter of fact, to describe such a generalization as the COMPOSITE WITNESS OF THE BIBLE?  Yes, because it is another example of how God is striving to get man to behave after His own character and will.

Yes, it is not trite:  (1) it was given by God Himself as a fundamental principle that is echoed and re-echoed many times throughout the Bible, this within itself providing a composite witness on COMPOSITE WITNESS; (2) like all truths of the Bible, it is based on the character of God which He is trying to communicate to man, for example when we say God is obligated to forgive our sins because that is the way it is written in the Bible, what we are really saying is that God forgives sins because that is the very nature of God Himself, and what He has had written in the Bible is a testimony to His own character {in other words, it is so not because simply it is in the Bible; but it is so because that is the way God is!}; (3) and the Bible, far from being a scholarly treatise for intellectual studies, is a unique book that provides a way God can communicate on very practical and realistic levels to man.   {“All scripture is given by inspiration of God and is profitable for….”, bespeaks of this profitability to man, and of the desire of God to communicate to man.}  Well, this communication of God to man began when God called Abraham out of Iraqi to a new land, after a long time through the families of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and 400 years in Egypt, the communication emerged as God told Moses in the wilderness that He was “the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob”; first and simple ways to begin to tell man about Himself; and then continued on Mount Sinai as God Himself first tried to speak to all the people, then as they begged God to talk through Moses, God wrote not only the Ten Commandments down for man with many rules, regulations, both civil and religious, for man to follow.  This fundamental principle as it turns out is both civil and religious, this principle of not allowing any truth to be established as truth without two or three witnesses.

  1. And it continues on through the Bible all the way down to the bottom Bible line of I John 5:6-13.
  2. The 3 witnesses of Heaven.

“For there are three that bear witness in heaven:  the Father, the Word {notice that John here uses the new word, “Word” for Jesus that he learned in the book of Revelation and applied in the epilogue of the Gospel of John}, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one. {We talk about the ONEs of Ephesians 4:4-6 describing the top topics of the Bible, major doctrines and beliefs; and sometimes along with the One Baptism for the One Salvation, the One God the Father and the One Lord Jesus Christ with the One Body, the church, we wonder why there is not a ONE for ONE Bible.  Yet the closest for that, and so much more closely related and composite than we think is the “One Faith”, which is faith in the sense of not only what we personally believe about Jesus, but is a summary of all that Christians have come to believe and that they were given and believed originally, at the same time being written in the Bible, “the faith once for all delivered to the saints” of Jude 3.}

  1. The 3 witnesses on Earth.

“And there are three that bear witness on earth:  the Spirit, the water, and the blood; and these three agree as one.”  (I John 5:8)


If we had to have one text to summarize the gist of THE COMPOSITE WITNESS OF THE BIBLE, it would be this quote, repeated twice in the witnesses of heaven and earth, first in I John 5:7 and then in I John 5:8.  And we begin to get composite on composite upon composite; so that you begin to see that not only is this a TOP TOPIC of the Bible, but perhaps the single most important for Bible study and understanding as it describes the very unities of all other top topics of the Bible!

  1. Some of the consistencies about COMPOSITE itself is in the revealed truths of the Bible between Deuteronomy and I John, between the law and the grace of Jesus, between the Prophets and the Apostles, between Old and New Testaments.

(1).  The “How Can Two Walk Together Unless They Be Agreed” of the Prophet Amos.

(2).  The “if any two Christians agree on anything in prayer” they shall receive the request of God of the teachings of Jesus in Matthew 18:19.

(3).  Discipline in churches and among Christians as requiring two or more witnesses to corroborate an accusation.

Even as Hester and Sampey have written short surveys of the Old Testament, and Hester also on the New Testament, referring to them as “the heart” of the OT, because there is so much to cover, so this Top Topical approach sort of skims the gravy off the top; however the assumption is made that what God the Holy Spirit considered most important in the Old Testament Bible was quoted and explained in the New Testament.  Therefore the quotes with explanations and interpretations are the majors of Old and New Testament survey, here in the book of Deuteronomy even as in the other of the 12 top topics of the Bible.  We dare not come out of a survey course on the Bible with facts, dates, history, stating that we have failed to LISTEN to the prime message and messages of the Bible.  {Do not be fearful, we will strive to get some of it all, history and message, even if supplements are required.}

Whether you read from a Prophet of the Old Testament or an Apostle of the New Testament, the message is the same; whether you read from the law of Moses or from the “grace and truth” of Jesus from John, Matthew, Mark, or Luke the message is the same; whether you read the epistles of the Apostle Paul or the five books of the Apostle John, the two agree on all accounts although they perhaps never met; and so on and on through the Bible the agreement is so consistent and so large as to first lead one to think of “How can two walk together except they be agreed?”; or the composite witness of the Bible of this section of the Bible in Deuteronomy with teachings on the agreement of two or more witnesses, that you know the source of all 66 books of the Bible must be the same, from God the Father!

Since the world thinks the opposite, that there are so many inconsistencies in the Bible, so much contradiction and differences between for example Paul and John, between the law and grace, between the Old Testament and New Testament, between even the four Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, that we must labor this “Consistency of Content”; and not because we are apologetic, but because the consistency, integrity, sameness–or whatever you want to call it-are so obvious to those who have met all  the conditions of hermeneutics, the science of biblical interpretation which is just another way of saying the rules the Bible itself lays down for understanding and interpretation.

3-2:  Introduction to the Dynamic Nature of the Bible, the Word of God.

  1. First of all, the Bible is (1) divine in origin, all 66 books of the Bible came from God the Father Himself through the Spirit of Christ and the Holy Spirit; (2) absolute in authority in that while you might want to bring science, or human wisdom, or even religious authority above the authority of the Word of God as a criterion for understanding and interpretation, it just will not work; (3) sufficient in its message, and if we do not find what we are looking for and need, it is from a lack of effort or of hermeneutics; for the very purpose of the Bible as entrusted to the Hebrews as oracles of God, is that God might in each generation and in each nation of peoples communicate–it is for communication and not simply study or scholarly research; (4) it is high fidelity in communication, what God tries to do in the Bible, God will do with just a little amount of cooperation on your part in proper Bible rules for understanding {hermeneutics}; and (5) the Bible is self-interpretative–why in the world do you think the Apostle Peter told us “no scripture is of any private interpretation”? And let me answer that as it is because what the Prophets said in the OT the Apostles and Jesus explained in the NT, and vice versa, also what the Apostle Paul wrote in his 14 epistles that was hard to understand, and even as “some wrested to their own destruction”, like the Apostle Peter wrote, Peter interprets, and vice versa; and so on and on and on through the 27 books of the NT and the 39 of the OT; and finally (6) the same Spirit of God that wrote these books is the Spirit that explains these books to us.
  2. Secondly, you must get into the hermeneutics habit, and if you do you will be surprised how much more open the message and messages of the Bible are to you, which is to allow some other part of the Bible to explain and interpret a verse or chapter in a place of the Bible where you are puzzling. It is the hermeneutics principle of “Compare Scripture with Scripture”.  In short, it is to say that the same God who wrote Romans also wrote I John and Jude, etc., so that what God wrote, or had written, one place will not only be consistent with all other places, but will amplify and explain and interpret if you would. And furthermore as you have started your journey through the whole Bible in these TOP 12 TOPICS, a journey originating from the OT quotes in the NT, and since each place such is quoted there is an explanation and interpretation either by Jesus or an Apostle {also the two associates of Paul, Dr. Luke and John Mark}.  And furthermore sometimes it is the other way, the usage in the


  1. The Bible is a book about Jesus. One way to know if you are getting the proper message and messages from God in the Bible is if you (1) learn more about Jesus, (2) Learn Jesus properly for as Paul wrote in Ephesians 4:20 “this is not the way your learned Christ”, an obvious indication that Christ can be learned improperly, and (3) get that awareness in the heart that the Bible is “alive and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of the soul and spirit”–yes, the Bible is much larger than leather, and pages, and words as it is the living and active Word of God; that is it is like having God set down in our living room and talk to us, and (4) you get closer to God and the Lord Jesus Christ.
  2. Always be on the look out for subtle or just plain outright statements, predictions, and understandings about the Lord Jesus Christ.

(1).  When in John 1 the Apostle John tells us that Jesus was the Word made flesh, the Word from the beginning with God and was God, and that Jesus was there as the Word in the acts of Creation, this tells us about Genesis chapter one how all members of the godhead, the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit were there at Creation.

(2).  When in Genesis 3:15 it speaks of, from God, that Satan will bruise the heel of Christ and Christ bruise the head of Satan, it is talking about:  (1) how Satan hurt Christ in leading Satan’s followers to crucify Christ; and (2) how the crucifixion was really the plan of God all along, and Christ bruised the head of Satan on the cross, freeing with faith on the part of many individuals, those individuals from servitude to Satan, and more which is the long subject of many books in the NT.

(3).  You will be surprise when you read and study Deuteronomy, and you should along with a look at this TOP TOPIC, how much clarity with which Moses speaks of the other Prophet like himself, the Lord Jesus Christ.

“The LORD your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren.  Him you shall hear.”  (Deuteronomy 18:15) 3-3:  Some Historical Background of Deuteronomy.

By the way, has it been mentioned that for an up-to-date {after historical criticism and rising above it unscathed, even showing scholarship on it} and conservative set of detailed exegetical commentaries you can not beat THE NEW INTERNATIONAL COMMENTARIES of both the Old and New Testament, for which the beloved F. F. Bruce wrote and for a time was chief editor.  Peter C. Craigie of the University of Calgary wrote the short {short compared to many of the others in the set} commentary on Deuteronomy; and his very introductory words serve to show you something of the difference between history and the message, between ABOUT the Bible that has become famous lately in our pulpits and in Bible teaching instead of the Bible itself, letting the Bible speak to us.

“Deuteronomy is a book about Israel’s preparation for a new life.  Hardship and the wilderness lie behind; the conquest of the promised land lies ahead.  What remains at this crucial stage in Israel’s history–the end of the Mosaic Age–is a call for a new commitment to God and a fresh understanding of the nature of the community of God’s people.”

In this age of knowledge explosion and in your lifetime, you will be able to cull only a certain amount of knowledge and message from the Bible; and although background info like this helps, you must count on the fact that is what most important for you to know has been quoted and interpreted in the NT.  And it at least helps to know that we are gaining some focus on the historical context of Deuteronomy with such statements as above and with a brief look at the text outline of Craigie.

NOTE:  I recall a NT survey course at Baylor in 1953, by the way where the official text was Hester and it was required reading; but the teacher used as the primary text the RSV of the Bible, starting each class with prayer for understanding because it knew and set a good example of how the Bible is not a scholarly treatise, but an alive and dynamic Book through which God speaks, and if we are wise we listen.  This along with a similar survey of the book of Acts at the Bible chair of the University Baptist Church in Austin Texas were highlights of my Bible education, that professor also using Scripture itself with the Moffat version.

Outline of Text and Commentary from Craigie on Deuteronomy:

  1. Introduction to Deuteronomy (1:1-5)
  2. Address of Moses: Historical Prologue (1:6-4:43)

III.          Address of Moses:  The Law (4:44-26:19)

  1. Address of Moses: Blessings and Curse (27:1-28:69)
  2. Address of Moses: A Concluding Charge (29:1-30:20)
  3. Continuity of the Covenant from Moses to Joshua (31:1-34:12)

Certainly in the Topical, exegetical, and expository outline to follow on this Topic #3 of “Listen to the Consistency of the Bible”, you will find like in Craigie’s outline:  some of the history, about the Law and the 10 commandments which while given in Exodus 20 are rehashed here in different words; yes the choice that God set before this new nation, like He still sets before His own people as a group today, of either a Curse or a Blessing, the charge before his death from Moses and the Covenant, emphasizing in our sweep of the Bible as always the “everlasting covenant” over the other two covenants of the Old and New Testament.  {Yes, the book of Hebrews, perhaps with Romans and Galatians, explain primarily the Old and New Covenants with differences.}  A quick look at Sampey’s outline in THE HEART OF THE OLD TESTAMENT, and we will have the historical perspective we need to proceed.  {Of course there will along the way in our Top Topic #3 outline, some references to both great and helpful works.}  Sampey has two of the 14 chapters of his book to cover this historical context: chapter 4 on “The Era of Moses and Joshua” {of course most about Joshua is in the book of Joshua} and chapter 5 on “The Law of Moses”.1

Era of Moses and Joshua

  1. After the death of Joseph and when there was a Pharaoh who did not know Joseph, the family of Jacob now almost a nation, was subjected to rigors of bondage. (Exodus 1:14)
  2. Preservation and Education of Moses.
  3. The Choice and Call of Moses. (Exodus 3:1-12)
  4. Contest Between Moses and Pharaoh.
  5. The Passover.
  6. Guidance with the Pillars and Deliverance at the Red Sea.
  7. Giving of the Law at Mount Sinai.
  8. Breach of the Covenant and Its Renewal. (Exodus 32:1-6)
  9. Tabernacle Built (Exodus 35-40)
  10. From Mount Sinai to Kadesh in the Wilderness. (Numbers 10-12)         11.  Years of Wandering and Sin of Moses and Aaron.  (Numbers 20)
  11. Closing Labors of Moses (Numbers).
  12. Deuteronomy.

“This is one of the great books of the OT.  The aged lawgiver pours out his heart in earnest appeals to his people to love Jehovah and keep all His commandments. He reviews all the mighty acts of Jehovah in behalf of Israel {so that you see with a look at Deuteronomy we have much of the history of Israel…”

  1. Since with this Top Topic #3 from Deuteronomy, we come to the end of the five books of the Pentateuch, called by

Jesus and others in the NT the “Law of Moses” we will want to briefly look at what Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers as well as Deuteronomy are all about.  Never forget however like the Apostle John wrote, “while Moses gave the law, grace and truth came through the Lord Jesus Christ.”  (John 1:17)

God’s perspective, a summary of much of Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers}, and exhorts Israel to be faithful and obedient.”

  1. Joshua Conquers Canaan.
  2. The Destruction of the Canaanites.
  3. Settlement of the Tribes of Israel (Joshua 13-21).
  4. Joshua’s Closing Days.

The Law of Moses

“The uniform teaching of the Bible is that ‘the law was given through Moses’

(John 1:17; 7:19; 5:45-47; Luke 24:27).”

  1. The 10 commandments fundamental.
  2. Christian Attitude Toward Sabbath. {You can see that Sampey does some topical and expository, even textual.}      3.  Duties to God.
  3. Duties to our Fellow Man.
  4. The Law of Love.
  5. First Draft of the Civil Law.
  6. The Ritual Law.
  7. What the Law Could Not Do.
  8. Lessons from Leviticus.

(1).  Offerings to God must be without blemish (1:3; 3:1).

(2).  First-fruits belong to Jehovah (Lev 23:10).

(3)  Sin unwittingly committed demands atonement as discovered.

(4).  Sins of rulers demand more expensive offerings.

(5).  Restitution must be made.

(6).  A clean life in every respect.

  1. The Deuteronomic Code.

“The great lawgiver plies his people with reasons for observing Jehovah’s commandments.  He does not quote the laws previously given verbatim; but presents them in a popular manner, sometimes enlarging upon the brief code found in Exodus 21-23.”

  1. Inferiority of the Mosaic Law to the Gospel of Christ.

3-4:  Importance of Witnesses in Deuteronomy as Background for Consistency Testimonies to the Bible as the Word of God.  (Deut 1-17).

  1. The Laws of the 10 commandments remained a consistent testimony to the consistency of the Bible, from Jesus, the Apostles, and the Prophets. Jesus uses in Mark 7:10 {with a quote from Deut 5:16, Exodus 20:12 and 21:17, and Leviticus 20:9}, and in answer to the criticisms of the Pharisees about His disciples, the commandment to honor father and mother as an example of how it had become distorted by these religious leaders as they:  (a) honored God with their lips and not their hearts; (b) practiced vain worship; and (c) substituted the commandments of God for teaching the doctrines of men.1

(1).  All they had to do was say “Corban”, this money is instead used as a gift to God, and they no longer had a responsibility to their parents.

(2).  It is important to get Jesus’ interpretation of what they were doing on this commandment as well as the others–a process of commandment perversion by interpretation that is also prevalent today, more on other commandments like adultery, murder, and covetousness than this one–as the horror, according to Jesus was, that they by giving a priority to their long standing traditions like this one which was making null and void the Word of God (Mark 7:13)

(3) Then Jesus dealt with the original complaint against His disciples–that they ignored “the traditions of the elders”, they ate bread with unwashed hands; and tried to make clear that it was what came out of the heart of man, not what went into his mouth, that defiled him.2

“For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lewdness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness.”  (Mark 7:21-23)

  1. The Continuing Importance of the Laws of the 10 Commandments, Deuteronomy 5:16-20 and Mark 10:19.

What we have today on the Ten Commandments is the two extremes of religious practices, where (1) some try to make all of their morality, religion, and sometimes even Christianity as the Ten Commandments {you have heard it, “all the

  1. Here Jesus in the Mark 7:6,7 dispute quotes from Isaiah 29:13 to describe the false worship and religion of the religious leaders of His day. You notice that we make full circle as first Mark 7 and Jesus throw light on the proper interpretation of commandments like to honor father and mother, and then with another quote goes back to the OT in Isaiah to explain the behavior of the Pharisees, a long tradition among them of the nation of Israel that dated back to the time of the Prophet Isaiah.
  2. We should briefly look at Sampey’s “Inferiority of the Mosaic Law to the Gospel of Christ” here even before we get to the next subsection of “The Continuing Importance of the Laws of the 10 Commandments”. The inferiorities, which we will list now and refer to in more detail later, are:  (1) the Law was a yoke of bondage; (2) a ministration of condemnations and death; (3) a tutor to lead men to Christ (Galatians 3:24); and (4) typical of the new covenant, that is better than the law and sort of a prototype {please read the book of Hebrews}. religion I need is the 10 commandments}; but in reality like the religious leaders of Jesus day, also a common practice among the people, they have a surface and legalistic interpretation and application of the commandments which ignores all along, and in Deuteronomy and Leviticus itself, were summarized as love for God and love for fellow man; and (5) the other extreme of thinking that Christ and the Apostles, the teachings of Christ of the Bible, did away with the requirements of the Ten Commandments, the New Covenant and New Testament with the Old Covenant and the Old Testament.  Yet Jesus clearly taught that He came not to destroy the law but to fulfill it. Granted that many of the rules and regulations that were more civil than moral were nailed to the cross with sacrifice and religious rituals, the ten commandments and many principles, such as the principle of consistency, remained.
  3. Jesus came not to destroy the law.

Jesus taught and made clear with quotes from Deuteronomy and Leviticus how the 10 commandments all along have been summarized as love for God and love for fellow man.  These were not new teachings of Jesus, of the New Testament, and of Christianity:  they were there all along.  And when we place all this emphasis on faith in the Lord Jesus Christ for salvation, which by the way is the way God the Father has set it up and ordained it, we are not going past respect for God the Father as given in the first commandments.  Without respect for God the Father, there is nothing:  no religion, no salvation, no Jesus, no Gospel, and no new birth.  The person who takes God’s name in vain as a habit of life is defunct:  they have nothing, they are nothing in the sight of God, and in the teachings of Jesus and the Bible.  This is composite also!

  1. Jesus came to Fulfill the law.

What the “law could not do in that it was weak in the flesh”, God through Jesus provided a cure for.  With the atonement and faith in the atonement a proper attitude is established before God the Father that makes possible the two step salvation process of new birth and sanctification, one can not exist without the other even as “to believe” in John can not exist without the “believing”, and vice versa.

3-5:  Old and New Testament Consistencies with Quotes from Deuteronomy.

If we make a rapid survey of the many quotes of Deuteronomy throughout the New Testament, you will begin to appreciate somewhat this consistency between the Prophets and the Apostles, between the New and Old Testaments, between even grace and law. {Always keep in mind that while the Bible is a gradual revelation of the nature and character of God Himself, finally shown clearly in the Lord Jesus Christ, God has chosen that the central focus for salvation and the Bible be on the Prophet Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ.  While we come to see Christ as the Messiah, actually Christ is Greek for the Hebrew word “Messiah” in books like Isaiah, during the divided kingdoms of Israel after David and Solomon, we start right here in Deuteronomy getting a lot of insight on Christ as the top Prophet to be heeded and listened to.}

  1. From the quote of Deuteronomy 5:16-20 in Mark 10:19, Mark 10:28-31 and Luke 10:26,27, with the consistency of God is first and love of fellow man is second, a steady theme of truth runs through both Testaments.

2  The “special people” of God theme runs throughout the Bible from Deuteronomy 7:6 to Titus 2:14; and although God gets disgusted with us today like with His original people, God’s righteousness today being broken even as the old covenant was done the same in the Old Testament, God’s intention then and now remained and remains the same:  (1) to get a holy people to the LORD your God, (2) a people for Himself, (3) “a special treasure above all the peoples on the face of the earth”  (Deut 7:6) {there has been a lot of broken hearts for God the Father here}, and (4) a people “zealous of good works”, (5) redeemed for every lawless deed, and (6) a people “purified for Himself” (Titus 2:14).

NOTE:  Sometimes like above in Titus 2:14 while there is not a direct quote, there is so much of the thought and words of a particular OT verse and/or passage, that it is like a precis or paraphrase.  More of this consistency or composite nature of the Bible.

  1. You probably thought the saying “man shall not live by bread alone” started with the teachings of Jesus as recorded in Matthew 4:4 and Luke 4:4, but Jesus was actually quoting from Deuteronomy 8:3.

NOTE:  And by the way how about the consistency of the Gospel of Matthew with the Gospel of Luke, as well as Mark and John.  You can appreciate it more if you will study A HARMONY OF THE GOSPELS by A.T. Robertson, and keep in mind as one of the outstanding legal authorities on evidence, Simon Greenleaf, formerly of Harvard Law School, wrote, “the testimony of the four evangelists would stand up as a prima facie case in any court of law.”  And keep in mind about those who find inconsistencies in the Bible because of their own superficial study of the Bible and spiritual immaturity {the Bible is spiritually discerned}, makes such foolish statements as the Bible is inconsistent since one place Jesus feeds 4,000 and another 5,000.

Jesus, the Apostles, and the Prophets in their teachings and writings in the Bible all speak with one voice because God the Father is the one, same source for all their teachings {doctrines}.

  1. Moses in Deuteronomy 18:15,19 presented Jesus as the Prophet, albeit less clearly than Peter was able to do in Acts 3:22,23 as he quoted Moses because he just saw in the life and teachings of Jesus how it was so, also the germ and principle of salvation in “destruction from among the people” {the people of God}, and the overwhelming necessity of listening to this Prophet Jesus.

NOTE:  Listen is one of the main messages from God that we should get from Deuteronomy and all its quotes and explanations in the New Testament along with how to listen and what to listen to, also WHO!  This is also consistency in the Bible as a composite witness, established far more than two or three times.

  1. The testimony of God the Father to God the Son is consistent in Old and New Testaments from the transfiguration in Mark 9:7 and same wording from God in Deuteronomy 18:15,19, also in Psalm 11:7.

“Then a cloud formed overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, ‘This is My Beloved Son, listen to him!”  (Mark 9:7, Deut 18:15,19, and Psalm 11:7)

NOTE:  We will not pause to list all the consistent testimonies of the Father to the Son, like this, as listed like in the Gospels in the Baptism of Jesus and as in the quotes from Paul in Hebrews.

(1).  Listen to Jesus is the word directly from God, from the Prophets, and from the Apostles–the consistent message of the Bible; and this is listening to the extent of believing, for this kind of listening is required for salvation, most generally expressed as the only way “not to be cut off from the people”, the people, of course, meaning the people of God.

(2).  Immediately after the cloud cleared at the Transfiguration where the Prophets Moses and Elijah disappeared as God spoke, then the Bible said “Jesus remained alone”.  Just one more way to emphasis as Jesus is alone as a provider of solid teachings and salvation!

  1. Matthew 18:16 for Christians and churches, that of taking a grievance to a brother by way of two or three witnesses and then to the local church, is based on the “Principle of two or three witnesses” of Deuteronomy 19:15.
  2. When Paul wrote to the church at Corinth (II Corinthians 13:1), quoting from Deuteronomy 19:15 on the Principle of Witnesses, and basing the whole argument for two epistles to Corinth and correcting them 3 times, it was based on that famous principle of consistency of the Bible.
  3. When Jesus in John 8:17 speaks of the witness of Himself as Son of God and the witness of God the Father {you know John thought of this as he later wrote near the end of the first century of the 3 witnesses on earth and from heaven}, also an echo of what happened with testimony from the Father both at baptism and transfiguration, He appealed to those schooled in the Law and the Prophets, and on the well known “Principle of Witnesses” of Deuteronomy 19:15.
  4. Likewise the Apostle Paul in I Timothy 5:18, on how not to accept any accusation or gossip about a pastor {bishop}, without two or more witnesses, was quoting from the Principle of Witnesses in Deuteronomy 19:15.

NOTE:  Once again the Principle of Witnesses is larger than one verse, Deuteronomy 19:15, as it is as large as the whole book of Deuteronomy, the whole law of the five books of the Pentateuch, called in the Bible “the law of Moses”.  It is as large as the mind and character of God Himself.  This is not only the way God wants man to behave in civil matters, in social matters; but also in the church and in the establishment of all truth, Bible or otherwise.

  1. The subject of the cross, like that of the Prophet and Messiah Jesus, is consistent throughout the Bible as in Deuteronomy 21:22 and Galatians, where first of all there is a curse on everyone hanged from a tree, and then second as in the Crucifixion of Christ He was cursed by God for man, once and for all, which we now consistently identify as the atonement, or in the words of the Bible “Christ died on the cross for our sins.”

NOTE:  This is another example and place where you can learn facts and history of the Bible and not get the message.  The message is for you to accept the atonement from God, not simply learn about this agreement on the Cross and the blood from the Old and New Testaments.  It, the Scripture, “is profitable” (II Timothy 3:16,17).  It can correct you, it can instruct you, and it can bring you all the way into spiritual maturity.  It is a textbook for living, not a scholarly treatise; and God far from trying to hide secret messages in the Bible, had in the writing of the Bible with over 40 human authors over a period of thousands of years, the goal of direct communicate of humans with the right attitude.

  1. Granted that Moses granted a writ of divorcement in Deuteronomy 24:1, but that this was not to be an easy way of marriage for those who would seek a younger wife, turning their back on the wife of their youth (Malachi 2:14), Jesus clarified in Matthew 5:31 and Mark 10:4 {more consistency of teachings from Jesus as recorded by the Apostles, the Gospel writers, of course Mark was sponsored by the Apostle Paul, the chief editor with 14 epistles of the New Testament}, how it was always intended that there be only one cause for divorce; where adultery or fornication had been committed, and once again established among two or more witnesses; and the reason Moses even permitted such a writ of divorce {and keep this in mind when you consider divorce, and of course this is old and past stuff for the many who have already asked for and received forgiveness and “cleansing from all unrighteousness” from God in prayer} is because of their hard hearts.

NOTE:  In other words divorce is only a last resort when one or more members of the marriage has gone all the way into a hardened heart; and although this wrong and condemned by God and Jesus, it like all sins, if confessed, can receive from God the Father, immediate forgiveness.  And if it is from God the Father, you need nothing from anyone else!

  1. The Principles from God of Deuteronomy, like in 25:3-5 about not to muzzle the mouth of the ox in order that he can eat as he plows, are as practical to just payment of the pastor of a church (I Timothy 5:18), religious law if you would, as they are to civil and social law. {A notable characteristic of the people of Israel, like God had Moses established it, was that the civil law was the same as the religious law; and Paul who would later write 14 epistles of the NT, being the chief quoter of Old Testament scriptures second to Jesus, was a lawyer of Israel, established in civil and religious law, also whose prime ministry was as chief editor of the New Testament.}  The details get juicy in I Timothy from Paul as it is even specified that double compensation should go to any pastor that both teaches and preaches.
  2. Deuteronomy 25:6, Luke 20:28,38, and Mark 12:19: the consistent testimony of the Bible is that (1) all like Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob who died in the Lord are still alive, (2) that there is no marriage in heaven and on the New Earth as living souls {with resurrection bodies} are like the angels; and that (3) that the dead are as living as the Living God Himself.
  3. Deuteronomy 27:26 and Galatians 3:10: even as the principle is established in Deuteronomy that every man is cursed, alias guilty and damned, that does not live up to the whole ten commandments and law, it is clarified in Galatians that on one can be justified by the law, only by faith.

NOTE:  Paul makes the case very well in Romans how the law, ten commandments and otherwise, is our schoolmaster to bring us to Christ.  Only guilt, not morality and justification, can come from the law.  We are justified by faith!

  1. Deuteronomy 32:12 and I Corinthians 10:20: even as in Deuteronomy God led Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel and who with 12 sons became a nation of the 12 tribes of Israel, preserved and protected until Christ could be born of their lineage, and who “with him was no foreign gods” (32:12), so Paul urges Christians and church members in I Corinthians not to have “fellowship with demons”, with Gentiles of idols or gods other than the God of the Bible and of the Universe.  Prime loyalty to God the Father, that God of the Universe, the Son of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the Great Creator, the One taught in the Bible, is a consistent message of the whole Bible, only the form of idols and secondary gods change from year to year.

3-6:  Prophet and Prophets in Deuteronomy and the Bible and Today.

Yes, this is very much a contemporary issue today in this time of “the heaping up” of itching ears Bible teachers and preachers who would expect you to accept them like a Prophet, or Prophets; and who with their special revelations, extracurricular words and concepts and revelations to the Bible, to accept them as a special spokesman for God.  (The following outline is based on Deuteronomy 18:15-22.)

  1. The Prophet Lord Jesus Christ in Deuteronomy.

If you fail to get salvation from God through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, and then learn how to live like Christ, then you miss the message of the Bible.

  1. Peter’s quote and explanation of the Prophet like Moses of Jesus.
  2. Did you get the message of the Transfiguration about Prophets?
  3. Establishment of the Office and Work (prophecy) of the Prophet. The Principle of Which Prophet and Prophets to Listen To.  {Which ones are you listening to today?}

3-7:  The Flavor of Deuteronomy {Selected passages for Exegesis}.

  1. Deuteronomy 4:9-24. {Craigie in his commentary likes to call this passage “The Law and the Nature of God”, and about God and how we are to think about Him we will learn some amazing things, even more from the Scripture itself in Deuteronomy than Craigie.}

(1).  You can see in Moses {Deuteronomy 4:9-9} much basis for the admonitions and encouragements of the former lawyer Paul in his epistles as Moses tells the people just before his death and their entrance into the Promised land to: (a) guard themselves carefully, (b) guard very carefully your desire {what this word “desire” and “wants” remind us of is II Timothy 4:3,4 about the Falling Away, which of course is a second historical event of our own time based on the very example of what Moses is talking about to the children of Israel as he addresses the second generation in the wilderness to remind them of what happened to the first generation in the wilderness, that is in the second stage of development after “the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine”, church members and other Christians will be motivated more by their own desires and wants than by Christ and the Holy Spirit, and certainly we see the germ in Warren’s Purpose Driven where church member desires are replace the Spirit and Christ for motivation}; (c) do not forget what you have seen and experienced in the wilderness {Paul in Hebrews–“Brethren, beware lest there be in you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the Living God” (Hebrews 4:12)–uses what happened to the first generation in the wilderness–that is, all over 20 years of Age fell from among God’s people based on their evil heart of unbelief–as an example of what could happen to any Christians, also as a basis for the final great Falling Away of II Thessalonians, before the Second Coming of Christ; and (d) make them known to your children and your grandchildren.}

(2).  God called the assembly of the congregation. (Deuteronomy 4:10)  {Paul as we will look at later in Hebrews 12:18-29 uses Horeb, the coming to Mount Zion, as a stepping stone, with the messages of Moses in Deuteronomy where he rehashes the recent history in the wilderness as an example for contemporary assemblies, never forgetting that sometimes the Greek word for church, “ecclesia”, is translated assembly in the Bible.}  God gave to Moses at Sinai the reason for the assembly of the whole congregation:  (a) so God could cause His own people to hear His own words; (b) and thus God’s people would learn “to fear”  {see the “Fear and Faith”, last chapter of REPORTS TO BELIEVE AND FOR BELIEVING at} God all the days of their lives that they were alive; and (c) lastly to encourage them to teach their children these first two things.

(3).  Moses in Deut 4:11-14 rehearses the exact history of what happened to the congregation of Israel at Mount Sinai:  (a) the people approach Mount Sinai and stood below the mountain so as to have a good view, which of course is where they got much more than they wanted, so much so that at the end of this encounter with God Himself, they essentially said, “no more”; (b) the mountain was a picturesque sight with the sky as a background as it was “burning with fire”, the brightness of the mountain itself was contrasted by the darkness that surrounded it from the darkness, cloud, and dense mist {as you will see later one reason that no one saw a “form” for God, and based on which God will tell His people to never make a form or image for Him, for one thing they have never seen one}; (c) However God did speak directly to the people of God {something that had never happened and never has happened since to a whole assembly of God, although many assemblies today try to fake it–see “Fake Worship” from HIDEOUT FOR BAD HABITS online at} out of the midst of the fire, God Himself stressing that while they heard “the sound of words”, God repeats the word “sound” twice, they did not see a “form”  (Deut 4:12); (d) God declared to them His Covenant, namely the Ten Words {Ten Commandments}, and God Himself with His own finger wrote them on two Tablets of Stone, twice; (e) and at the same time God commanded Moses to teach the people of the assembly “statutes and ordinances” {much of what else you see in Exodus, Leviticus, and Deuteronomy besides the Covenant of the Ten Commandments}.

.NOTE:  Perhaps you have never thought of the Ten Commandments as the Covenant of God with His own people, but according to the words of God Himself that is exactly what it is; of course, Moses repeated these words and wrote them down so that the people of the second and third generation and the generations to follow up to the present would not forget them. Don’t every kid yourself about the fact that the old covenant of the 10 commandments still exist between God and man, like Jesus said He “came not to destroy but to fulfill the commandments”; and check the book of Hebrews on what was nailed to the cross at the same time of the Crucifixion of Christ, it was most of the civil statutes and ordinances with burnt sacrifices and temple worship.

(4).  NO IDOLS:  Deuteronomy 4:15-19.  With first another reminder, an early reminder if you would of the stages of development of the Falling Away, to guard their own desires and wants {“to obey is always better than to sacrifice”, and like Pastor James says the personal desires and wants of Christians and church members have to be guarded and watched because “the spirit within us lusteth to envy” and covet}, there are some surprising sounds from God about the dos and don’ts of idols:  (a) You didn’t see any “form” at Horeb therefore do not “act corruptly by making a form of God {Craigie likes to point out (1) this warning was not so much against the worship of other gods in the form of images, but rather attempts to represent the God of Israel and the Universe in any physical form; and (2) today, even without representations in wood or stone, like in Jeremiah, we are attempted to place God in our mind in such a form as to limit and contain him–remember “Your God Is too Small” by Phillips and the “God is Greater than Conscience” (I John 3:20) Jerry McMichael}; (b) do not make a statute or image in any form such as in the shape of any male or female, any animal, any beast or bird, or of any fish; (c) and lastly do not look at the host of the heavens, the sun, moon, and stars and with awe “bow down to worship and serve them”  {God has given and assigned these host of the heavens to all the peoples of the earth, not exclusively for His own people, so that it makes them sort of secular and of the world.

(5).  Moses is about to die, giving final warnings of this address or message of Deuteronomy 4:21-14.

  1. Guard against forgetting the covenant of the Ten Commandments that God made with all His people.
  2. Do not make an image of God in the shape or “form” of anything on earth and in the heavens that God has forbidden, by the way the subject of the first few commandments of the Ten and the Covenant.
  3. Moses provides an ending quote to Hebrews 12 for Paul with the concluding statement about the nature of God, a summary of much of what the congregation saw at Sinai and what God said, “For our God is a consuming fire” (Deut 4:24 and Hebrews 12:29), except Moses in that last verse includes something about God, also a summary of the nature of God in dealing with His own people, which Paul does not add but knew that the Hebrews to whom He wrote would know it from the law of Moses {the first five books of the Bible, the Pentateuch}, “He is a jealous God”; and don’t you ever forget it! {See “Prime Loyalty” from REPORTS TO BELIEVE AND FOR BELIEVING, a two step salvation process, at .}

NOTE:  Please read the last four passage of Deuteronomy below as we are running out of space and time.

  1. Deuteronomy 5:22-33, Craigie Calls it “Moses’ Mediatory Role at Horeb”.
  2. What is Most Important from God Himself, TO LOVE GOD, Deut 6:1-9.
  3. The Prophet Like Moses, Jesus, of Deuteronomy 18:15-22.
  4. The Blessing and the Curse on God’s People and therefore on the nation and the people of Deuteronomy 30 and 11:26-28.

3-8:  Five Short Exegetical Messages Based on Deuteronomy.

NOTE:  Please also read devotional the five message below from the Apostles Peter, Paul, and John based on Deuteronomy and the Prophet Moses.

  1. The Apostle Peter’s Second Message in Acts 3:11-26 about Jesus as the Prophet like Moses based on Deuteronomy 18:15,18,19.
  2. What Have You As Christians and Church Members Come to? Hebrews 12:1829 based on the congregation before God at Mount Horeb and the summary of the same by Moses in Deuteronomy 4:9-24.  {The exegetical points and flavor of the last section is used for a basis just like it was when Paul originally wrote Hebrews on the Falling Away.}

NOTE:  Appreciation is expressed to Craigie with his commentary on Deuteronomy from the New International Series. Note 1

  1. Good Prophecy versus Bad Prophecy in I Corinthians 14 based on Deuternomy18:20-22.
  2. Setting forth of the Curse of disobedience on God’s People in Galatians 1:6-10 when even an angel delivers another of a different kind Gospel, like the current Gospel of Heath and Wealth {generally called the Gospel of Prosperity}, and the curse of false prophecy and special revelations of Revelation 22:18,19, both based on the true and false prophets passage of Deuteronomy 18:20-22, also the blessings of a National Blessing and the curses of a National Curse on the land and the people, because of a lack of righteousness and effectual, fervent prayer of God’s people, Deuteronomy 11:26-28 and Deuteronomy and Deuteronomy 30. {Actually this message although more exegetical in sections is topical in that it is on “The Curse, not Blessing, on a Nation because of the Shortcomings of God’s People”.}
  3. You have to admire the scholarship and conservative faithfulness to the Bible as the Word of God in spite of the current trends on interpretation and historical criticism. We have to give much credit for this to the late F.F. Bruce with his writing of many helpful and conservative books including a commentary on Luke in the same set of commentaries, and books such as THE BOOKS AND THE PARCHMENTS, but mainly because of his work as chief editor of this great set of commentaries that is head and shoulders above any thing else you can read today for a verse by verse exegetical commentary. B. H. Carroll in AN INTERPRETAION OF THE ENGLISH BIBLE in 17 volumes is more topical and is indispensable for understanding Bible in the total context, and you will appreciate as well as his part in the history of Southern Baptist as President of Baylor and founder of Southwestern Seminary {where by the way the notes from those 17 volumes took students all the way through the Bible}, you will appreciate his examples from life and sermons.  As yet the fighting fundamentalists that control the SBC and the Lifeway book stores have not had the nerve to remove Carroll and R. G. Lee from their bookshelves but as the Falling Away progresses all the way from (1) intolerance to sound doctrine, (2) to priority for the wants and desires of church members and leaders over Christ and sound doctrine, and (3) to the vast “heaping up” of Bible teachers and preachers with “itching ears” (II Timothy 4:3,4), that is from these first three stages of Falling Away development to where we are now–(4) turn completely away from truth and (5) turn into fables, then you will see this happen also just like now they are putting certain Gospel magazines under the counter.
  4. The Three Witnesses to Jesus of Heaven and Earth, {actually a total of 7 witnesses when you consider the internal witness in believers} the Prophet Messiah or Son of God, in I John 5:6-13 based on the Principle of Witnesses in Deuteronomy and the rest of the Bible, Deuteronomy 19:15-21.

3-9:  God the Father.

  1. God’s stringent requirements about a graven image or likeness are more for His own people not to make “any form” of Himself, since they never saw any form at Mount Sinai or otherwise, than not to make any image like men of women, animals, birds, fish; or even more so than to worship and serve the hosts of the heaven. {Many secular historians and even those of historical criticism like to think high thoughts and concept of God as coming from an evolution in truth from old civilizations, starting with the superficial concepts of a god made like the hosts of heaven, or animals, or birds, or even like some humans, then progression to the high character of God and His works with man like we know from the Bible; but in reality it is the other way around, like Paul makes clear in Revelation 1 and 2 in that even when the old civilizations knew God with much full truth on God from nature, conscience, and laws of civilization they did not “honor God as God” and they became vain in their hearts and imaginations, making gods out of those forbidden images of God–more a de-evolution from original Creation with Adam and Eve and the Garden of Eden than a progressive evolution. However, it was after the experience of God’s first nation in Egypt where many images of animals as cows and frogs were worshipped as gods, and just before the Hebrews went into the Promised Land of Canaan where they would find many of the civilizations had evolved into the worship of gods like Baal, Astoreth, and hundreds of others, that God in Deuteronomy, after Egypt and before the Promised Land and for the specific reason of preparation for the Promised Land, as well as a consideration for all the Egyptians, like Jannes and Jambres, that came out of Egypt with them, warned against all these forms of humans, animals, and birds that should not be worshiped; primarily that God’s own people since they saw “no form” of God should not try to contain or limit or misrepresent Him any image. Anything they attempted to use to represent a form of the God of the Universe would be too small and too limited to be a high fidelity representation of the Original.}

(1).  Moses rehearsed before the new generation of the wilderness and just before Promised Land entrance under Joshua, “the Lord our God has revealed to us his glory and his greatness, and we have heard his voice”, but you never saw a form so do not make any form of God. (Deuteronomy 5:24)

  1. Obviously any form that God’s people would make of Him in photos, statues, or art work would be far short of the “glory” and His “greatness”, so God says just do not try! (Deut. 4:15,16)  Resist your desires to make a form or image, and “do not act corruptly”.  (Deut 4:16)  {Just one of the first lacks of the righteousness of God man has experienced, and continues to experience today as God’s own people “act corruptly” in making an image or form of God in the mind and heart, if not elsewhere that therefore inevitably “contains and limits” the true God–just like Phillips wrote years ago “Your God is too Small” and Jerry McMichael wrote less years ago in the 1960’s when it was so popular to make the Conscience of the Boomers the sole criterion for faith and practice, and which even continues today in our churches as people take the attitude it is right if they feel good about it and bad if they do not, “God is Greater than the American Conscience” based on I John 3:20.}
  2. Yes, the people were right to say that they were lucky to live the first time they heard the voice of God and lived, not to take a chance any other times; and since when has it ever been heard in the history of mankind that man saw and heard God and still lived?

(2).  The wish of God, “would that they were continually of this mind” (Deuteronomy 5:29) to (a) fear God and (b) to keep the commandments {covenant} of God.

  1. You should remain aware in this 12 topic Bible Study to get all the major messages and message of the Bible that the truths or fact about the nature of the character and personality of God, including the way God deals with His own creations and in particular His own peculiar people, that this concepts of God came out of historical encounters with God: (1) Moses at the burning bush was told of “The Living God of the Living”, that Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob still were alive and were living with the Living God, and that those three were the beginning of the nation of God’s people; (2) although Job with historical encounters with God Himself after so many years of bum advice from friends and foes, we are not sure when the book of Job was recorded as part of the “oracles of God”; in other words how much Moses and Israel in the wilderness knew of the lessons about the power and Creation by God of the book of Job–indeed their “departures from the living God” when times got hard, unlike the faith of Job in God when he suffered for no wrong which he had done, or who failed to blame God for these injustices, indicate they had not heard or at least learned the lessons about God in Job; so that as God tested them for 40 years in the wilderness they instead developed “an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God”  (Hebrews 3:12).  Likewise the listening to God Himself and what He told about Himself at Sinai was a historical encounter, a very rare one at that, of an appearance from God Himself to the whole congregation; and surely like they said, they were lucky to listen to God Himself and still live.  Other Prophets after Moses would talk to God and listen to God like the Prophet Isaiah, the Prophet Elijah, and Jeremiah; and as instructed, these Prophets would record those messages, primarily with a message for the current people of God and quite often shorter and integrated messages of a predictive nature.  Like most of the writers on the Prophets remind us the Writing Prophets, and even the others like Elijah, primarily had a message for their own generation, and the predictive element for generations way out in history was only a small percentage of their total message.  Even like in Joel and Amos when some of God’s judgments, or curses, were about to immediately come on that living generation, is was of such  the prophecy was of such a nature as to be within itself both predictive in a few years and also in the distant future.  {You see the main point is not a double nature of prophecy, but that God with the way and ways that He deals with man in any generation, especially about His justice and judgment and even curses and blessings is always the same.} That brings us naturally to consider what God had told Moses about Prophets, including how you are able to identify Prophets by that likeminded with Moses and Jesus, and how to distinguish between true prophets and false prophets.
  2. Prophets of God from Moses to Jesus and beyond.

(1).  Prophets like Moses and Jesus.

  1. Jesus and Moses were much alike. (Deut 18:18)
  2. These Prophets would come from the “midst of the brethren”, in other words from God’s own people and be like God’s people.

(2).  The ministry of these Prophets would be characterized by:  (18:18)

  1. The extent to which it was obvious that God Himself had “put my word in his mouth”, alias the high fidelity of the message; and
  2. The faithfulness with which that Prophet told all that God, without exception and bias and timidity, had commanded.

NOTE:  Although we know the nature of prophecy changed somewhat with the coming of the Holy Spirit to earth in great power and glory on the first day of Pentecost after the Ascension, in that it became more democratic or prevalent among all of God’s people, and to the extent in I Corinthians 14 that “prophecy” is used as almost all public speaking in the church, we can use the detailed messages of I Corinthians 14 to bring us back to the same original requirements of Deuteronomy 18:18, that is (a) “Is it obvious that the message was placed there by God”, and we are fortunate in that we have the objective writings of all 66 books of the Bible to compare against these self-proclaimed Prophets, and (b) the faithfulness, courage, and consistency with which that so-called Prophet delivers the message from God. {Is it like the barrier between the bad habits of II Timothy 3:1-8 and the Falling Away of II Timothy 4:3,4, that barrier of course is II Timothy 3:16,17 where (1) the sink hole of “ALL SCRIPTURE” must continually be filled, (1) the gap of church administration bridged as Scripture is presented that is profitable for “reproof and correction” as well as doctrine {today very skimpy} and “instruction in righteousness, today much instruction but little righteousness; and (3) the application to Christian living bridge as men, women, youth and children of God are matured and perfected unto all and every good work.  That is all that is necessary to keep contemporary churches from slipping from just bad habits into a falling into the falling away with all five of its stages:  (1) intolerance toward sound doctrine, (2) a congregation motivated more by their own “desires”, pleasures, and “wants” than by Christ and the Holy Spirit and total Word of God; (3) the vast and widespread “heaping up” of Bible teachers and preachers with itching ears and with something new and novel like the Gospel of Prosperity; (4) the turning away from truth, another way to say turning away from sound doctrine, and which also begs the issue that there can be unsound doctrine or teachings if there is a sound doctrine that correlates with the truths of God and Christ; and (5) the turning into fables.  Churches have been leaking for years from the bad habits, or follies, to the stages of the Falling Away; although it would be hard to make a case that especially among southern Baptists that there has as yet been a wholesale departure from truth with the adoption of fables; but there are obviously some leaks, perhaps the greatest of which are (a) the Gospel of Prosperity,(b) special revelations with the attitude that the Word of God came to us only or out of us only, (c) divisions and fights caused like Pastor James wrote by “the spirit within us that lusteth to envy” and covet, (d) the fighting spirit per se that John condemned when he wrote in I John to “test the spirits”, a spirit not of Christ and the Christ of peace among Christians {granted it would have been easier for us to distinguish the false from the true prophets and prophecy if John had specified that this bad spirit was a fighting spirt, not a loving spirit; but you see John knew his fellow Apostle and colleague, James, had already connected a fighting spirit like that of the fundamentalists with where wars and divisions come from in the first place, from “the spirit within us that lusteth to envy” and covet, obviously the desire for more status, recognition, and territory where the so-called “moderates” got in the way and had to be destroyed from Seminaries and pulpits, part of the heaping out in order to heap in their own kind and continue the “heaping up” process of the Falling Away}, and (e) the Scofield and Darby false concepts that deny or delay in Christian minds the Falling Away and the real events of last things.

  1. What guidance do we get from Moses, God, and Deuteronomy 18 on how to distinguish a true prophet, and true prophecy, for a false prophet and false prophecy besides the details of I Corinthians {please look at the chapter on I Corinthians in HIDEOUT FOR BAD HABITS, Hideout_for_Bad_Habits/ and the two chapters on I Corinthians in the LCC set on the 14 letters of the Apostle Paul, “Believe and Be Baptized”, at }, the guidance of the Apostle John in the little epistles of John which are essentially guidelines for how to test the spirits and based on the criterion of the fellowship of the saints; those now recorded in the Bible for our help, the help on the Apostle Jude about “the faith once for all  {these doctrines of the faith then and now are complete without any special revelation} delivered to the saints”, Jesus on the many false prophets not only that will exist in the “beginning of sorrows” of early and continuous history but also the many more during the Falling Way–Jesus called it “love will wax cold as sin abounds”, and even of Paul to the Ephesian elders where savage wolves would come in from outside the church and from the local church bodies that would (a) scatter church members into other groups, and (b) make disciples to themselves?  Well the initial guidance we get on how to distinguish at the very time the office of prophecy and Prophets was established, of course you remember the changes Jesus made with the Holy Spirit, are:

(1) First of all the Word must be true and consistent (Deut 18:22); and I hope in this you see “the consistency message” of two or more witnesses where the witnesses are not only the Prophet Moses and Isaiah and Joel and Amos on through the Writing Prophets and the other Prophets like Elijah, but Jesus Himself who came to earth to teach everything that God had taught Him in heaven, and faithfully; and the Apostles like Paul, and John, and James, and Peter, and so on and on through the recorded words of the 39 Old Testament books and the 27 New Testament books, the 66 books from God and Prophets and Apostles of the total Bible.  And aren’t we fortunate to have something so objective, and consistent, and easy to understand with the proper attitude and enough time as this book now made out of leather and paper and words and ink; but in its dynamic nature, so alive and living, much more than ordinary books.

(2).  If there is any predictive element in the message of prophecy, or of the Prophet, then apply the ultimate test of time, that the message comes true. {You know Paul also had this in mind when he told the young minister that in spite of all the bad habits of the perilous times and in spite of the five stages of the Falling Away development, to “make full proof of his ministry”. Alias make it true by what you do of what you have said, and make it true what you speak of what you profess!}

NOTE:  Perhaps you previously thought that the Consistency and Composite Message of the Bible was more rhetorically or colorful; but you see, based on Deuteronomy and the consistency with the rest of the Word of God by the Prophets and the Apostles, even with “the faith once for all delivered to the saints”, and in history, it is not only a TOP TOPIC of the Bible, but perhaps the top topic for any old or young student of the Word of God who would learn even more, and far more, about the Bible.  You, the Word of God right here on Consistency and Composite is laying a foundation for the study of the rest of the 12 Topics, the two previous topics of “The Living God of the Living” and “The Righteousness of God and Man”, as well as the 9 to follow as we progress from the law of Moses to Malachi, and quote these OT books in the 27 books by Jesus and the Apostles.  Isn’t it grand!  It is hard to tell who is more blessed, the nation of Israel because God chose them and made them to be custodians of the “oracles of God”, like Paul writes about in Romans, or we Gentiles because by the grace of God we have been allowed to be wholesale, in the waning time of the “Fulness of the Gentiles” to be recipients of these 66 Oracles of God, the Bible.

  1. This third Top Topic grows long, albeit perhaps the chief topic for Bible study, and though we would go away from a short study of Deuteronomy with many helpful applications for our contemporary Christian and church life, we must hasten to the last of these applications: While you do not hear much in the New Testament about The Curse {actually the word “curse” is found approximately 19 times in the NT, however very few of them apply to the curse on God’s own people, more on the people enamored with the works of the law which causes them to ignore righteousness by faith as required by God, and the curses that come out of many mouths} consisting of many curses and many calamities as contrasted to The Blessing of God consisting of many blessings and also over a period of time and history, you do hear from Jesus in John 14 and the Apostle Paul in Hebrews 12, and well as many other places, of the equivalent Group Chastisement which is the same as a short term curse; and also you realize, hopefully, that the two curses of the NT, a curse on those who preach another Gospel and the curse of Revelation on those who take away from or add to the Bible, alias on the Prophets of special revelations, are also Group Chastisements on God’s People and as such as like the Curse of the OT and of Deuteronomy where God Himself sets before His own people, and His own people only {like in Hebrews 12 not “bastard children” of God}, a “blessing or a curse”, life or death.

NOTE:  Please read for yourself Hebrews 12:1-17 as well as the about the congregation before Sinai, and where we stand right now, of Hebrews 12:18-29, the last words of which “For our God is a consuming fire” reminds us that the God the Bible is a God of wrath, jealousy, and judgment as well as a God of love; and though it will take many sins and a long time, for that judgment to come eternal, He is not beyond chastisement {a curse} right now on you and your group of God’s people.  To think that God does not work in the now and present is to ignore so much of Deuteronomy and the Bible, so much of the very nature and way of God.  And as you do so, please note from Hebrews 12:  (1) the group nature of the message to the “we” of Christians and church members, and who all take the same Prophet Jesus as “author and finisher” of the one common faith, that once for all delivered to the saints, of the fellowship of the Apostles, and in the Bible (12:1,2); (2) you as Christians and church members have a guarantee like Job of enduring hostility from sinners to the extent you live consistently the Christian life even if you are not persecuted to bloodshed like those martyrs of the first centuries to now that “will live and reign with Christ for one thousand years” (12:3,4); (3) yes, the OT speaks of this same chastisement of Hebrews and of Deuteronomy in that “whom the LORD loves He chastises” (12:5,6 and Proverbs 3:11,12); and (4) all sons of God {God has special chastisement for His own people, and sometimes as contrasted on the sun that shines on the good and the bad, or the rain and storms, it is only for God’s own people–aren’t we lucky} are chastened that are not bastard children; (4) it may be a curse for a short time of the “present” (12:11), perhaps the training of a curse or curses or calamities may have gone on for a longer time until with eternity there is “the peaceable fruit of righteousness” for those who will accept the training of God.

What you will find in the bottom line discussions of Galatians, the curse on those who preach and teach another Gospel than that once delivered, and the bottom line discussions of Revelation 22 where the same curse is on those who add to or take away from Scriptures by special revelations, of course a very common practice today, those curses come on the behavior of some of God’s people, basically the only ones who will read and tamper with Scriptures like Galatians and Revelation, because their motivations are to substitute their own works of righteousness for the righteousness by faith as once for all delivered to the saints.  You see this same subject of righteousness in Revelation 22 with the let the righteous remain righteous and the filthy remain filthy of 22:11, and in Galatians where the whole discussion of the real Gospel is centered around a righteousness by faith instead of by the works of the law.


The Bible is Christ with the Complete, Original Outline of the Bible.

The Bible is Christ with the Complete, Original Outline of the Bible.

The place of this blog/paper is to outline the whole Bible in brief from the quotations in the New Testament from the Old Testament, and does it surprise you that most of the quotes of the Old Testament in the New Testament come from the 14 letters of the Apostle Paul; and furthermore that it is this chief editor of the New Testament, which more than the Old Testament is a story of Christ–that by much more, by the way,  is the same Paul who wrote, “For to me to live is Christ.”  For Paul to live was for Christ to live, and for the Bible to live today is for Christ to live through the words and Word of the Bible.  (You will see before you finish this volume, if you can since it is large, and if you do not see Christ already in the Bible.)

Unless you still the veil over your eyes which is done away in a personal experience with Christ, or unless  “blindness in part is happened to” you as part of the nation of Israel “until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in; and in either case all we can do, you and us, is pray that the veil or blindness be removed in order that you can see!  Of course, when this happens, world history as we know it is almost over!

Someone tells the story of a certain large Bible so designed that when you stood back to look at any page, you would see outlined around the text an image of Christ.  So it is with the story or message of the Bible.  Christ is the Bible, and the Bible is Christ. How appropriately the Apostle John first received in Revelation the proper word of “Word” to represent the Lord Jesus Christ, then later in the writing of the Gospel of John started the story of the Life of Jesus  with the “Word made flesh” as a proper label for Jesus.  The word “Word” for Jesus and the word “Word” for the Word of God are more closely related than we will ever know this side of eternity. (Karl Barth has made a contribution here in his book on the Word.)

Each of us must interpret Christ for our own generation.  The accuracy of that interpretation can be measured in terms of our faithfulness to the Bible as the Word of God.  There are many official and un-official interpretations of Christ even as there are many man-made religious organizations which claim to properly interpret Christ for our times.  Rather than sling mud about which ones and how many of them are really part of the body of the Christ of the Bible, and incidentally of the presently living Christ who is the only head of the real body of Christ…that is, I say, rather than trying to separate who is and who is not a member of the real body of Christ, the more positive approach is to get back to the Bible with good Bible-based principles of hermeneutics, or Bible interpretation, setting forth the real Christ of the Bible and what it is to Learn the Christ of the Bible.

If forced to select two verses from the Bible to represent a single focus for THE LEARN CHRIST COMMENTARY, it would have to be Ephesians 4:20,21.

“But you have not so learned Christ, if indeed you have heard Him and have been taught by Him, as the truth is in Jesus…”  (Ephesians 4:20,21 NJKV)

Let us face up to realities:  Even as some church members in the church at Ephesus, the church where the Apostle Paul had labored the longest, had not really heard Christ and had no really been taught by Christ, even so many more in American religious organizations, having lesser leaders than Paul and Christ, have not heard Christ and have not been taught by Christ.  (You will learn more about this focus later.)  Right now, we need to relate the “Preview of the Bible”, the subject of this first chapter, to that focus.  The claim is that the story of the whole Bible is ultimately a story about the learning of Christ.  If you look at the outline of the Bible below, you will notice the Gospel of Christ as number 8 of the complete 12 of  the subject outline of the Bible.  You will also find Christ dominating roman numerals 4,5,10,11,and 12 as well as an integral subject matter of each outline division.  The reason is simple:  the Bible is a story about the Lord Jesus Christ!  And if you don’t learn Christ, the Christ of the Bible and the Christ of God the Father, the Creator of the Universe, then you do not learn the Bible!

Subject Outline of the Bible.         

  1. The Living God of the Living
  2. Righteousness of God and Man   
  3. The Composite Witness of the Bible   
  4. God, Man and the Son of Man
  5. The Resurrection
  6. Wisdom From God
  7. The Gospel
  8. Listening More Important Than Sacrifice
  9. What Happened to the Jews as the Chosen nation?
  10. The Salvation of God
  11. The New King of Israel
  12. The Living God Wants Others to Live

What is amazing is that the whole Bible of 66 books, 39 in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament, can be outlined under 12 major subjects!  I will tell you upfront why that is possible: because of the Old Testament quotes in the New Testament, and because the New Testament provides the proper interpretation of those Old Testament quotes.  And that is exactly what the Bible Itself by It’s way of self interpretation in II Peter 1:20,21:

knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation, for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.”

We have heard or read it so often that we miss the meaning:  there is only God Authorized interpretation of the Bible, the ASPI for Authorized Semi-Public Interpretation which means only the Apostles as authors of New Testament books, and of course Jesus, can interpret, explain, and implement with applications the quotes in the New Testament from the Old Testament Prophets, Genesis thru Malachi. And since Paul, Jesus, and the other NT writers chose for us, Gentiles and Jews, what is most important in the Old Testament, then in such an outline below based on OT quotes in the NT, we do justice to the complete message which is Divine in Origin, Absolute in Authority, Sufficient, High Fidelity in communications, Dynamic and Alive with the Holy Spirit, and self-interpretation establishing It’s own rules for understanding (hermeneutics).

                                   The Bible Outline


  1. God, Man, and Marriage.
  2. Genesis 1:26,27, Matthew 19:4,  and Mark 10:6.

(1).  Let US make man in OUR image  bespeaks of the  plurality of  God during the time of creation.

(2).  In our image  and after our likeness  tells of some of the glory of man that during Creation was acquired from God.

(3).  The dominion  of man over all the other works of Creation tells of the First Commission of man to be a pioneer in the exploration and control of the works of Creation.

(4).  The Bible refers to man as male and female  so that in marriage male and female becomes a complimenting couple of male and female.  That is the way God originally created them; and in marriage that is the way He intends for it to keep going according to Jesus, and absolutely no person is to have any part in the separation of those two which God has joined together.

  1. Genesis 2:7,24, I Cor 15:45, Matthew 19:5, I Cor 6:16, and Mark 10:7,8.

(1).  From Gen 2:7 we learn that:  (a)  God created man physically from something that already existed, from the elements of the earth; (b) As far as the actual existence or inward spirit of man that came from God breathing into him the breath of life; and (c) With that spirit of life also man became a living soul.

(2).  From Gen 2:24 we learn of the one flesh  characteristics of marriage that God still intends and has always intended, that oneness emphasized by Jesus and the Apostles in the New Testament.

(3).  While Paul in I Cor 15:45 is emphasizing the difference between the first Adam and Christ the second Adam, also the difference between the natural and the spiritual body, the first man from earth and the second from heaven, he also contrasts the living soul and the living spirit.

(4).  As a man departs from the household of his mother and father, cleaving to a wife in marriage, the two become in Gods sight as one flesh  (Matthew 19:5,6 and Mark 10:7,8).

(5).  So serious is this matter of joining  with God that the Bible considers when a man has a relationship with a harlot that he becomes one body with her  (I Cor 6:16).

  1. Genesis 5:1,2, Matthew 19:4, and Mark 10:6.

(1).  Genesis 5:1,2 reinforces and builds on previous doctrine as God calls their name, male and female, Adam.

  1. God and the Gospel.
    1. Genesis 12:1-3 and Galatians 3:8.9.

(1).  With Gods call to Abram to another land, God gave the everlasting covenant of:  (a) From Abram’s seed God would make the great nation of Israel; (b) Through his seed Christ the name of Abram would be great; and (c) Through Abram all the families and nations of the earth would be blessed.

(2).  Paul writes in Galatians 3:8,9 that:

  1. When God said “In thee shall all nations be blessed” God was preaching the Gospel to Abraham;
  2. This all nations meant the Gentiles, or heathen  which is the favorite word of the Bible for Gentiles;
  3. This Gospel is justification through faith; and
  4. All Gentiles and Jews who believe in Christ becomes the seed of Abraham through faith.
  1. Genesis 15:5,6, Romans 4:18, and James 2:23.

(1).  In Genesis 15:5 God identifies that the seed of Abram will be as numerous as the stars of the sky, and in Genesis 15:6 since Abraham believed God will He said this the belief was counted for righteousness.

(2).  In quoting “So shall your seed be” from Genesis in Romans 4:18, Paul emphasizes how Abraham believed in hope against hope that he would indeed be the father of many nations although he had at the time no sons.

(3).  The Apostle James in James 2:23  reiterates how the faith of Abraham was counted as righteousness, adding that Abraham was called the friend of God.

  1. Genesis 17:5 and Romans 4:17.

(1).  As God changes the name of Abram to Abraham, He says “A father of many nations have I made thee”.

(2).  Paul tells us in Romans 4:17 that this quote from Genesis 17:5 tells us two things about God Himself:

  1. God is a life-giving God; and
  2. God is a God that can call into existence what did not previously exist.
  • God of the Living, our Father in Heaven.
    1. Genesis 18:12-14 and Mark 10:27.

(1).  God told Abraham and Sarah that though old and stricken in years they would have a son, and when Sarah laughed God said, Is any thing too hard for the LORD?

(2).  Jesus in Mark 10:27, not in the same context but with a paraphrase of the same meaning, talks of salvation as all things are possible with God .

  1. Genesis 22:18 and Galatians 3:16.

(1).  All nations will be blessed with salvation through the seed of Abraham.

(2).  That Seed is singular, the Seed is Christ.

  1. Genesis 38:8 and Mark 12:19.

(1).  Judah told Oman to raise up children to his brother Er whom God had slain.

(2).  When the Sadducees brought  up the matter of raising children by a died brothers wife and as to whose wife she would be in the resurrection, Jesus told them that what was important was that God was the God of the living, the God of the living Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

  1. Exodus 3:6 and Luke 20:37.

(1).  God told Moses in the call at the burning bush that He was the God of Moses father, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

(2).  About the dead being raised to life, Jesus quotes Moses and Exodus 3:6 how God is the God of Abraham, the God of  Isaac, and the God of Jacob; and with the emphasis on God as each time God with repeated with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

  1. Exodus 9:16 and Romans 9:17.

(1).  God has Moses tell Pharaoh that he has been put on the throne of Egypt for two reasons:  (a)  To demonstrate the power of God in securing the freedom of Israel; and (b) That the name of the living God and the God of the living might be declared over all the earth.

(2).  In quoting that in Romans 9:17 and in explaining the meaning in Romans 9:16,18, Paul is telling us of how God is in control of world events; and what  is important does not depend on the will of man or the competitiveness of man, but rather on the mercy of God, and that ultimately God will have mercy on whom He alone desires.

  1. Exodus 12:46 and John 19:36.

(1).  The Passover feast in remembrance of Gods rescue of Israel from Egyptian bondage among other things included that the lamb of the feast should not have a  bone of the body broken, a direct quote of which we will see later in Psalms.

(2).  When the Apostle John in John 19:36  tells of how at the Crucifixion of Jesus, and since Jesus was already dead contrary to custom, not a bone in His body was broken, John is quoting from both Exodus and Psalms 34:20.  (Psalms 34:20 is directly quoted, and the reference from Exodus

12:46 is closer to a paraphrase.)

  1. Exodus 16:18 and II Corinthians 8:15.

(1).  During Gods supply of manna during the 40 years in the wilderness, those who gathered much had nothing left over and those who gathered little were not hungry so that it was completely by the grace of God and according to the individual needs.

(2).  Paul quotes this in II Corinthians to illustrate equality  among Christians in the churches, or to illustrate the democratic nature of salvation.


  1. The Ten Commandments.
    1. Exodus 20, Luke 18:20, Mark 7:10, Matthew 5:38, Romans 13:8,9, and James 2:11.

(1).  These are the Ten Commandments according to Jesus and the Apostles.

  1. Exodus 21:17 and Mark 7:10: speaking evil of mother and father was considered so serious to God that those who did such were to be put to death.
  2. Exodus 21:24 and Matthew 5:38: under the law it was to be life for life, eye for eye, and tooth for tooth s greatly did God respect human life and welfare and desire Israel to do the same.
  3. Exodus 32:6 and I Corinthians 10:7:  Paul reminds Christians at Corinth not to be idolaters even as the children of Israel were while Moses was on Mount Sinai getting the Ten Commandments.
  1. The Laws of a Holy God.
    1. Leviticus 4:18-20 and Hebrews 9:22: not a paraphrase or a quote, but rather in Hebrews 9:22 Paul summarizes what blood  could do in the laws and ordinances of the Old Testament, the practices of which Leviticus 4:18-20 is typical.
    2. Leviticus 11:44 and I Peter 1:16: God requires that His people be Holy since He Himself is Holy.
    3. Leviticus 18:5,16 and Galatians 3:12: any person who desires to live under the Laws must live by keeping the Laws.
    4. Leviticus 19:12 and Matthew 5:33.

(1).  In these just and holy requirements of the Law of Leviticus since “I am the LORD”, His name is not be sworn by falsely nor profaned.

(2).  With this quotes and as a starting point, Jesus says don’t make any oath at all.

  • How Did the Law Read during the time of Jesus.
    1. Luke 10:26: “And He (Jesus) said to him, `What is written in the Law?  How does it read to you?”  (NASV)
    2. Leviticus 19:18 and Luke 10:27: (1) To Love God with all the heart, mind, and soul; and (2)To Love your neighbor as yourself.
    3. Leviticus 18:5 and Luke 10:28: “And He (Jesus) said to him, `You have answered correctly; DO THIS, AND YOU WILL LIVE.”   (NASV)

NOTE:  If you could really do this, keep these laws, you would live eternally.

IV  The Laws Jesus Came to Fulfill, not Destroy.

  1. Leviticus 19:18 and Matthew 5:43: You have been told to love your neighbors and hate your enemies?
  2. Be like God (Matthew 5:44,45): “But I say to you, love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you in order that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.” (NASV)
  3. Galatians 5:14, Romans 13:8,9, and James 2:8: All the Law is fulfilled in Love for Neighbor as yourself.
  4. Leviticus 20:9 and Mark 7:10 (with Exodus 20:12 and Deut 5:16): Since in the Law the requirement to “Honor father and mothers has already been established and quoted here, it follows also on the ordinances of the law, or applications, that those who curse mother and father should die.

NOTE:  The emphasis of Jesus in Mark 7:13 is that the religious leaders were trying to invalidate the Word of God by their traditions.

  1. Leviticus 28:12 and II Corinthians 6:16: God desires a distinct or special people among whom He can dwell and be their God.

NOTE:  In Isaiah 52:11 as quoted in II Corinthians 6:17 this is to be a clean and separate people.

  1. The real way to eternal life, to fulfillment of righteousness and the Laws, is through faith in the Crucifixion of the Lord Jesus Christ for the sins of the world.
  2. Numbers 9:12 and John 19:36 reminds us that as predicted in the Old Testament not a bone in the body of  Christ was broken during Crucifixion.


  1. The Importance of Witnesses.
  2. Deuteronomy 5:16, Exodus 20:12 and 21:17, Leviticus 20:9, and Mark 7:10 where with Honor to parents and the law of death with dishonor, Jesus teaches that what is inside man rather than what goes inside him is defiling.
  3. Importance of knowing the Commandments: Deut 5:16-20 and Mark 10:19.


(Mark 10:19  NASV)

  1. What Commandment is Foremost? Mark 10:28-31 and Luke 10:26,27.

(1).  First is THE LORD OUR GOD IS ONE LORD, Deut 6:4,5 and Mark 10:29,30.

(2).  Second is Love Neighbor, Lev 19:18 and Mark 10:31.

  1. Worship God only and serve Him: Deuteronomy 6:13 and Luke 4:8.
  2. The importance of a special people to bear witness to God begins here and runs throughout the Old Testament: Deut 7:6 and Titus 2:14.
  3. Deuteronomy 8:3, Matthew 4:4, and Luke 4:4: Man should not live by bread alone.
  5. Live by Listening to what Jesus, the Prophet Messiah has to say: Deut 18:15,19, Acts 3:22,23, and Acts 7:37.

Listen to the Apostle Peter as he preaches quoting from the Prophet Moses in Deuteronomy: Moses said, ‘The Lord God shall raise up for you a Prophet like me from your brethren; to Him you shall give heed in everything He says to you.  And it shall be that every soul that does not heed that Prophet shall be utterly destroyed from among the people.   (Acts 3:22,23 NASV)

  1. Live by Listening to the testimony of God the Father to God the Son: Mark 9:7, a paraphrase of Deut 18:15,19 except from God Himself, and a direct quote in Psalm 11:7.

Then a cloud formed, overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, ‘This is My beloved

Son, listen to him!   (Mark 9:7  NASV)

  1. Live by Listening to other reliable and trustworthy witnesses: Deut 19:15.

One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth; at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.   (Deut 19:15  KJV)

(1).  Deut 19:15 and Matthew 18:16:  if your brother sins against you but refuses to listen, take your grievance to him byway of two or three witnesses; and if that does not work take it before the local church.

(2).  Deut 19:15 and II Corinthians 13:1:  Listen to the Apostle Paul!

This is the third time I am coming to you, EVERY FACT IS TO BE CONFIRMED BY THE


(3).  Deut 19:15 and John 8:17:  Listen to Jesus Himself!

Even in your law it has been written, that the testimony of two men is true.  I am He who bears witness of Myself, and the Father who sent Me bears witness of Me.   (John 8:17,18)

(4).  Deut 19:15 and I Timothy 5:18:  Listen to the elder of any local church (same as the pastor or bishop) right up to the point that any accusation against him has been established in that local church at the mouth of two or three witnesses.

  • How Can you Listen to a Common Criminal Like Jesus of Nazareth who was cursed in that

He was hanged or crucified on a tree (cross)?  Deut 21:22 and Galatians 3:13

  1. Deuteronomy 21:22.

And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree; His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day;(for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled; which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.   (Deut 21:22,23  KJV)

NOTE:  Jesus was very familiar with this portion of the Word of God as He was with all of the Old Testament, and when crying

My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me a cry of grief more than questioning He knew that God had to turn His back on such a curse on Christ for the sins of the whole world.

  1. Galatians 3:13.

ALL OF GODS WORDS AND WORD IS SERIOUS AND TO BE TAKEN SERIOUSLY WHETHER WRITTEN IN THE OLD TESTAMENT OR NEW TESTAMENT!  Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us for it is written, ‘Cursed is every one who hangs on a tree.

(Galatians 3:13  NASV)

(1).  We were cursed by the Law since striving to live by them and therefore keeping them, we knew ourselves to come far short; and therefore without real life!

(2).  Jesus in the death on the Cross became a curse in our place.

  1. Listen to Jesus seriously on a few other matters.

NOTE:  Especially if you think you were not under a curse because of your failures to live up to the Law and therefore did not need for Christ to become a curse in your place!

  1. Deuteronomy 24:1, Matthew 5:31, and Mark 10:4.

(1).  Deuteronomy 24:1.

When a man hath taken a wife (this is not necessarily the way you are cursed), and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favor in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her; then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house.  And when she is departed out of his house, she may go and be another mans wife.   (Deut 24:1,2  KJV)

(2).  Matthew 5:31.

And it was said, ‘Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of dismissal; but I say to you that every one who divorces his wife, except for the cause of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.   (Matt 5:31,32  NASV)

(3).  Mark 10:4.

And some Pharisees came up to Him, testing Him, and began to question Him whether it was lawful for a man to divorce a wife.  And He answered and said to them, What did Moses command you? And they said, Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce and send her away.  But Jesus said to them, ‘Because of your hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment.  But from the beginning of creation, God made them male and female.  For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother, And the two shall become one flesh; consequently they are no longer two, but one flesh.  What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate.   (Mark 10:2-9  NASV)

  1. Deuteronomy 25:3-5 , I Corinthians 9:9, and I Timothy 5:18.

(1).  Be just in judgment in that the punishment correspond with the violation; don’t muzzle the ox as he treads the corn, and let a brother raise up children to his dead brothers wife.

(2).  It was written for our sakes more than for oxen in order that the worker may work with hope of reward for his works.

(3).  The elder (pastor or bishop) that works hard at preaching and teaching should receive likewise double compensation.

  1. Deuteronomy 25:6, Luke 20:28,38, and Mark 12:19.

(1).  Your dead brothers name is not to disappear from Israel.

NOTE:  Why should the eternal laws of God be so concerned about this one single name of a brother who died before he could have any children.  After all the last name of the dead childless and the brother would be the same!

(2).  According to Jesus it is more important to realize that in heaven there is no marriage, rather men are like the angels; and that men do not did who believe in God and Christ like Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, because they are still alive with the Living God!  (Luke 20:28,38 and Mark 12:19)

NOTE:  The real concern is that any mans name, alias himself and his real existence, not disappear from the eternal Israel of Gods real people of believing Jews and Gentiles!

  1. Listen also to a few other matters from the Apostle Paul in the Word of God!
  2. Deuteronomy 27:26 and Galatians 3:10.

(1).  Cursed is every man that does not confirm all the laws of God by doing all of them!

(2).  None can truly be justified by the Law, only by faith.

  1. Deuteronomy 32:12 and I Corinthians 10:20.

(1).  The LORD God led Israel and their was no strange gods among them.

(2).  The Gentiles sacrifice to demons not to God, and the Christian is to have no part in this worship of demons.

2-4:  GOD, MAN, AND THE SON OF MAN                

  1. How God deals with men and with men Through Christ!
  2. Some evident things about God in the Bible of Job and Psalms.

(1).  God can do everything and anything without any limitations to His power in heaven and on earth.

(2).  God knows every thought and every action of every man on earth.

(3).  God tricks the wise men in their own methods of craftiness like an adult playing with toys and children.

(4).  God exalts the humble in His sight.  They can be down and out and still though humble in the ways of the world not necessarily be humble in the sight of God, and it is even harder for the up and out to be humble in Gods sight for they trust in their own riches or financial security.

  1. Job 5:13 and I Corinthians 3:19: God catches the wise in their own craftiness.
  2. Job 22:29 and James 4:10: God exalts the humble.
  3. Job 42:2 and Mark 10:27.

(1).  Job 42:2.

“Then Job answered the LORD, and said, I know that thou canst do every thing, and that no thought can be withholden from thee.  Who is he that hideth counsel without knowledge?  therefore have I uttered that I understood not; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not.  Hear, I beseech thee, and I will speak:  I will demand of thee, and declare thou unto me.  I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear:  but no mine eye seeth thee.  Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.”   (Job 42:1-6  KJV)

(2).  Mark 10:27.


“And Jesus, looking around, said to His disciples, How hard it will be for those who are wealthy to enter the kingdom of God.  And the disciples were amazed at His words.  But Jesus answered again and said to them, Children, how hard it is to enter the kingdom of God!  It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.  (Why, because most of them unlike Job can not say, ‘Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.)  And they were even more astonished and said to Him, ‘Then who can be saved?  Looking upon them, Jesus said, With men it is impossible, but now with God; for all things are possible with God.”   (Mark 10:23-27  NASV)


  1. God the Creator and Father looks at man, men, and then testifies to men.
  2. God the Creator notices that the Gentiles rage against Him and that the people of Israel imagine a vain thing and things about Him: Psalm 2:1,2 and Acts 4:24-26.
  3. God the Father has decreed and testified in the Bible as well as at the baptism of Jesus in the presence of many as the voice came from heaven that Jesus of Nazareth is, was, and is His Son:

Psalm 2:7 , Matthew 3:17 and 17:5, Hebrews 1:5 and 5:5, II Peter 1:17, and Mark 9:7.

(1).  Psalm 2:7.

“I will declare the decree:  the LORD hat said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.”   (Psalm 2:7  KJV)

(2).  Matthew 3:17.

“And after being baptized, Jesus went up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon Him, and behold, a voice out of the heavens, saying, This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”   (Matt 3:16,17 NASV)

(3).  Matthew 17:5.

“And Peter answered and said to Jesus, ‘Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, I will make three tabernacles here, one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.  While he was still speaking, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and behold, a voice out of the cloud, saying, ‘This is My beloved Son, with whom I am well-pleased; hear Him!”   (Matthew 17:4,5  NASV)

NOTE:  What God adds in His own testimony to Jesus as compared to the transfiguration after a similar testimony at the baptism is HEAR HIM . Paul did not mean in Ephesians 4:20,21 that like Peter, James, and hundreds of others you had to be there physically as Jesus taught.  What he meant was that through the help of the Spirit of God you must see and hear from yourself, personally.   This is the key to who can be saved!  By listening to Jesus and His words of life!

(4).  Hebrews 1:5.

“For to which of the angels did He ever say, ‘Thou art My Son, Today I have begotten thee?  And again, ‘I will be a father to Him, and He shall be a Son to Me?”   (Hebrews 1:5  NASV)

(5).  Hebrews 5:5.

“So also Christ did not glorify Himself so as to become a high priest, but He who said to Him, ‘Thou art my Son, Today I have begotten thee…”

NOTE:  This is the first time in this Bible study of the progressive revelations of the Bible from Genesis to Malachi that we have encountered Jesus as the great high priest.

“…just as He says also in another passage, ‘Thou art a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.”   (Hebrews 5:5,6  NASV)

NOTE CONTINUED:  And we will come to this second quote in Hebrews 5:5,6 when we get in the progression to Psalm 110:6.

(6).  II Peter 1:17.

“Moreover I will endeavor that ye may be able after my decease to have these things always in remembrance, For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.  For he received from God the Father honor and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.  And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him the holy mount.   (II Peter 1:15-18  KJV)

NOTE:  So that the Apostle Peter in writing for a permanent record adds his own testimony as a witness to Jesus with the witness of God the Father and that of Jesus Himself!

(7).  Mark 9:7.

“Then a cloud formed, overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, ‘This is My beloved Son, listen to Him!’”   (Mark 9:7  NASV)


  1. God chooses men and ways less esteemed among men as far as status in order to receive Honor and Praise to His name:  Psalm 8:2 and Matthew 21:16.

III.  What Can God tell us about ourselves as men and women?

  1. Psalm 8:3,4: When we consider the magnitude and vastness of all that God created in the Universe, how in the world can He give mind to a little man and beyond that visit man on the planet earth through the Person of the Lord Jesus Christ?
  2. Psalm 8:5,6: What does God specifically think of man based on the way He created him.

(1).  God made man a little lower than the angels, and recall that this is the generic man of Genesis of male and female.

(2).  God gave honor and glory to man by creating him in His own image or likeness, and God keeps that thought pattern in mind in all His dealings with man.

(3).  God entrusted man with all the other works of His Creation, placing man in dominion over all these works of Creation.

(4).  God remembers man.

(5).  God visits man.

  1. Hebrews 2:6: We must go beyond the primary level of meaning about Man to that about the Son of Man, the Lord Jesus Christ, who in Himself fulfilled all that God originally meant for man and more; and you see that in Hebrews 2:8

“Thou hast put all things in subjection under His feet.  For in subjecting all things to him, He left nothing that is not subject to him, But now we do not yet see all things subjected to him.”   (Hebrews 2:8  NASV)

  1. I Corinthians 15:27.

Granted that there are many stories, many chapters, verses, and books in the Bible; but the total subject matter for the practical purposes of Christian faith can be summarized as faith in God, Christ, the Holy Spirit, the Bible, and Salvation.  Get that and you have enough of the Bible for life.  The following important passage helps to establish the present and eternal relationship between God the Father and Christ the Son.

“The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.  For he hath put all things under his feet.  But when he saith all things re put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.  And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.”   (I Corinthians 15:26-28  KJV)

(1).  There are still some enemies such as death that has not be subjected to Christ as the Son of Man, or  Christ as the Lord of heaven and earth.

(2).  God the Father has ordained that all in heaven and earth be under the feet of Christ, and heaven is already there.  May Gods will be done on earth as it is in heaven as more people still on earth are subjected to the Lordship of Jesus Christ.

(3).  God the Father did not put Himself in subjection to the Lord Jesus Christ.

(4).  After the Second Coming of Christ when everything on earth also comes under the actual Lordship of Jesus then Jesus will Himself be subjected to the LORDSHIP of the Father.

(5).  God the Father may ultimately be all in all .

  1. What did God find during the time of David and before when He looked down from heaven to take a close look at man (I suspect this was and is all the time)?
  2. Psalm 14:1-3: (1) God found fools who said in their hearts that there is no God; (2) He found a corrupt humanity of abominable works and an absence of doing good;  (3) When He searched again among men to see if any of man understood and sought God, He found that they all had missed the essential way, found filthiness, and a lack of doing good.
  3. Romans 3:10.

“As it is written, ‘There is none righteous, not even one; there is none who understands, there is one who seeks for God; All have turned aside, together they have become useless; thee is one who does good, There is not even one.”   (Romans 3:10-12  NASV)



  1. What God did for Christ the firstborn and therefore what He also does for all that will believe in Christ as the secondborns!
  2. Psalm 16:8-11: God is at my right hand; I feel secure and realize that honor will be achieved; the pains of the flesh are assuaged by hope; God will not leave my soul in hell; and God will not allow His Holy One to see corruption in the grave;  God will show me the path of everlasting life where in His Presence there is fullness of joy; and at His right hand there is pleasure forever.

NOTE:  The only way Jesus could place the Father on His right hand and also be at the right hand of the Father is for the two to be facing in opposite directions which was true at the Crucifixion as Jesus became a curse for us!

  1. Acts 2:25: Listen again to the witness of the Apostle Peter as he preached on the first day of Pentecost after the historical coming of the Holy Spirit in power and fullness.

“Men of Israel, listen to these words:  Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know this Man, delivered up by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death.  And God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony od death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power.  For David says of Him, ‘I was always beholding the Lord in my presence; For He is at my right hand, that I may not be shaken, Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue exulted; moreover my flesh also will abide in hope; because thou wilt not abandon my soul to hades, nor allow thy Holy One to undergo decay.  Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; Thou wilt make me full of gladness with thy presence.”   (Acts 2:22-28 NASV)

NOTE:  A Paraphrase on This Sermon from Peter.

The  Apostle Peters First Sermon was naturally on Jesus of Nazareth after he had explained what had been seen as manifestations of the historical coming of the Holy Spirit in power and fullness to take the place of Jesus on earth, Jesus immediately before having Ascended back to the right hand of God the Father.  First what Peter had told them about the Coming of the Holy Spirit to take the place of Jesus with a quote and explanation from Joel 2:28-32 (Acts 2:14-21): These men who are speaking on other languages that so that all men present here can hear in their own language, are not drunk; but is that historical event predicted by the Prophet Joel.  It is that at the beginning of the last days, in other words right now, God will pour out the fullness of His Spirit; and with this fullness of the Spirit will also come:  (1)  A more widespread and democratic knowledge of God through the widespread presence and power of this Spirit as young and old, servant and free, men and women receive the Spirit; (2) prophecy will also become more democratic as contrasted to the Prophets in the Bible who wrote Scriptures of the Apostles of the New Testament; (3) All this will happen between this beginning of the last days and the end of time when the old earth becomes the new earth as the sun and moon are turned into darkness at the end of time; and (4) The sole method of salvation from this beginning of last days to this end of time will be that

“Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.”

Second what Peter told them about Jesus and salvation:  God the Father gave His own testimony of witness to Jesus through miracles, wonders, and signs that obviously had to come from God and which Jesus performed as well as the voice that came from heaven at the baptism and transfiguration of Jesus.  God did this in your midst the midst of Israel and in the First Century as all Israel well knew.  Yet Israel crucified Jesus on a tree, or cross, making Him a curse in the sight of God which was really the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God  as we have seen predicted in the Old Testament long before the First Century A.D. God in order to complete salvation and the testimony to His own Son raised Jesus up from the dead.  You see if He was His own Son, and He was, it was impossible that death and the grave could hold Him captive.  And like David wrote in Psalms as a prediction of that which was to come and as a decree from God of what was already settled in heaven that remained to be fulfilled on earth was that God would not leave Christs soul in hell for more than three days, that He would not allow the physical body of Christ to suffer the corrupting influence of the grave, and that as the Firstborn He would be restored to life and the Presence of God.

  1. What God will do for humanity during the period of time from the beginning of the last days after the Ascension of Christ and the end of time!
    1. Psalm 18:25 and Matthew 5:7: God will bless the merciful by giving them mercy Blessed are the merciful; for they shall obtain mercy.   (KJV)
    2. Psalm 18:49 and Romans 15:9: God will spread the praise of His name and the name of Jesus among the Gentiles, another aspect of the democratic ways of God after the Coming of the Spirit in fullness.
  • Now we are in a position to understand Jesus cry of “My God, my God why hast thou forsaken me ?”  of Psalm 22:1 and Matthew 27:46.
    1. It is to be understood in the total context of Psalm 22 which starts with the Crucifixion of Jesus and the words of Jesus on the cross in 22:1 and ends in 22:28-31 with establishment of the kingdom of Christ on earth in its fullness.
    2. First we should realize that other portions of Psalm 22 relate ahead of time events about the crucifixion as they pierced the hands of Christ and as they cast lots for His garments: Psalm 22:16-18 and Matthew 27:35, also John 19:24.
    3. Psalm 22:22 and Hebrews 2:12: Both He, Christ, who does the sanctifying, or setting apart of Christian in salvation, and those sanctified, that is the Christians, has the same source from the One God the Father; and therefore Jesus as the Firstborn is not ashamed to call the secondborn Christians as brethren .
    4. So God the Father turned His back on Christ the Son was He was dying on the cross for the sins of the world, while Christ was being made a curse on the cross which a righteous God could not stand; and to that extent God the Father had to forsake Him for three days according to the plan that they had made in the counsels of eternity while Christ was on the cross being made a curse, and while Christ went to hell, the intermediary place after death for those who do not go immediately to heaven where He preached to the dead spirits.
  1. Who Then Will See God and Be Saved?
    1. Those who are sensitive the Conscience of others as well as his own Christian Conscience, seeking their good as well as his own good: Psalm 24:1 and I Corinthians 10:26.
    2. Those who have received a legally declared purity of heart through justification by faith and an inward potential of purity of heart through the daily process of sanctification, and that will also become the pure of heart with complete redemption or glorification at the Second Coming of Christ: Psalm 24:3-5 and Matthew 5:8.
    3. Those who learn to love life and see longevity of life: Psalm 34:12-16 and I Peter 3:10-12.
    4. Those who do not forget faith in Christ and in the Crucifixion of Christ for salvation and righteousness: Psalm 34:19,20 and John 19:36; and Psalm 35:19 and John 15:25.

(1).  In the crucifixion they hated Christ without a cause.

(2).  Not a bone in Christs body was broken like the Passover Lamb, but rather when His side was pierced out flowed blood and water, the sign of death by a broken heart.


  1. Two Kinds Response/People.
    1. Let a man ask in faith and without a desire to consume it on his own lusts in order to get wisdom from God: Proverbs 2:3-6 and James 1:5.
    2. Wisdom of God includes discipline of the LORD: Proverbs 3:12 and Hebrews 12:6.
    3. To turn sinner from error of ways: Proverbs 10:12 and James 5:20.

(1).  Saves a soul from death; and

(2).  Covers a multitude of sins.

  1. Some do the deed of their father the devil: Proverbs 18:4 and John 7:38.
  1. Some wise and unwise responses to God.
    1. Those who have the knowledge of Jesus then return to worldly entanglements are like dogs returning to vomit: Proverbs 26:11 and II Peter 2:22.
    2. To plan on tomorrow apart from the will of God is foolish: Proverbs 27:1 and James 4:13.
    3. Rich foolishly fall into temptations and snares: Proverbs 28:20 and I Timothy 6:9.
  • Making life’s decisions in terms of the terminal One Day.
  1. After tribulation the sun and moon will be darkened, the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of heaven will be shaken: Ecclesiastes 12:1-3 and Mark 13:24.
  2. Then the meek will inherit the earth: Psalm 37:11 and Matthew 5:5.
  3. In preparation for this new people of the new heavens and earth God has provided a body, the body of Christ, as He took away burnt offerings and sacrifices: Psalm 40:6-8 and Hebrews 10:5.      The unwise eats bread at the table of Christ while they lift up their heel against Him:  Psalm 41:9 and John 13:18.
  4. God’s Eternal Wisdom rests in Christ.
  5. God the Father, Psalm 45:6,7 and Hebrews 1:8, says of God the Son:

(1).  Your throne is forever, O God;

(2).  Rule of your kingdom is righteousness; and

(3).  You loved righteousness, hated iniquity.

  1. Some statements by Christ before made on earth:

(1).  They hated me without cause:  Psalm 69:4 and John 15:25.

(2).  The reproaches of God fell on me:  Psalm 69:9 and Romans 15:3.


  1. The Time Finally came.
    1. Christ in parables told hidden things: Psalm 78:2,24, Matthew 13:35, and John 6:31.
    2. The Father charged to angels to care for Christ: Psalm 91:11 and Matthew 4:6.
    3. God knows the thoughts of the wise as vain: Psalm 94:11,12 and I Corinthians 3:20.
    4. This is the time to hear the voice of God, not hardening the heart: Psalm 95:7-11 and Hebrews 3:15; 3:7; and 4:7.
  2. Some things God the Father says.
    1. Of The Son You are Eternal though the earth passes away: Psalm 101:25-33 and Hebrews1:10.
    2. Of angels, ministers and a flame of fire: Psalm 104:4 and Hebrews 1:7,8.
    3. To Son, Sit on my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool: Psalm 110:1 and Hebrews 1:13.
    4. That Christ is a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek: Psalm 110:4 and Hebrews 5:6 ,7:21.
  • Believe and Speak.
    1. God made Jesus Lord and Christ: Psalm 110:1 and Acts 2:34,35.
    2. II Cor 9:9 and Psalm 112:9.
    3. II Cor 4:13 and Psalm 116:10.
    4. Romans 15:11 and Psalm 117:1.
    5. Psalm 118:22, Matt 21:42, and Luke 20:17.
    6. Psalm 118:26 and Matthew 21:9.


  1. Listen to God.
  1. Love of God and neighbor is and always was in the Old Testament more important than burnt offerings and sacrifices:  I Samuel 15:22 and Mark 12:33.
  2. To listen to Christ as Lord is more important than the legal requirements of the sabbath day: I Samuel 21:1,6, Luke 6:3,4, Mark 2:25, and \Matthew 12:2,3.
  3. When you listen to God in the predictions of the Bible you have to listen twice as hard as the predictions often have double meaning–that is, a wider spectrum of meaning than immediately obvious as here where it applies to King Solomon and King Jesus: II Samuel 7:12,14 and John 7:42.
  4. Listen to God talk about His own remnant of Israel when He tells Elijah that He has reserved 7,000 for Himself that have not bowed the knee to Baal: I Kings 19:10-18 and Romans 11:4.
  5. Listening Signs from the Early Prophets and Jesus.
    1. The Listening Signs for This Generation is Both Solomon, Jonah and Jesus as recorded in the Bible while in Nineveh’s generation it was the Prophet Jonah and in Jesus time it was Him the Prophet Messiah:  Jonah 3:1-4 and Luke 11:29.
  1. Listen to the Apostle Peter on the first day of Pentecost after Christs Ascension as he quotes from the Prophet Joel to explain both what happened on that day, and what would happen from this the beginning of the last days until the end of time: Joel 2:28-31 and Acts 2:16-21.
  2. Listen to the Prophet Joel start the ball rolling on the prime them of the Bible about eschatology, the One Day of the LORD: Joel 3:13, Mark 4:29, and Mark 13:24.
  • Listen to God Himself tell in the Bible to what extent the nation of Israel was and was not His chosen people.
    1. Immediately after rescue from Egyptian bondage God turned away from most of Israel, giving them up to worship the host of heaven; Amos 5:25-27 and Acts 7:42.
    2. God takes a people for His name from among the Gentiles: Amos 9:11,12 and Acts 15:15-17.
    3. These same Gentiles shall be called sons of the living God: Hosea 2:23 and Romans 9:25,26. Isaiah 1-39
    4. If God had not chosen a small remnant out of Israel they would have been like Sodom and Gomorrah: Isaiah 1:9 and Romans 9:29.
  1. Listen to God Himself in His book on matters or eschatology, or last things.
    1. You must first of all see the double nature of predictions as related to eschatology as when the Old Testament said,

“I will call my Son out of Egypt.” ( Hosea 11:1 and Matthew 2:15)  NOTE:  The Son has a double meaning: 

(1).  First it is the nation of Israel as the Son; and          (2).  Then it is Christ as the Son.

  1. Immortality and the sting of death: Hosea 13:14 and Isaiah 29:8.
  2. Day of the LORD: Isaiah 2:3,12,18, and 19, and I Corinthians 14:36, II Thessalonians 2:2, and II Thessalonians 1:10.
  3. Isaiah 35:51; 61:1 and Matthew 11:5.


    2. At the Second Coming of Christ death will be swallowed up in victory: Isaiah 25:8 and I Corinthians 15:54.
    3. All Israel that was chosen to be saved shall be saved: Isaiah 27:9 and Romans 11:27.
    4. Whoever believes in Christ, Jew or Gentile, shall not be ashamed of that faith: Isaiah 28:16 and Romans 9:33, also Romans 10:11.
  1. What God did to Israel until the time of the fullness of the Gentiles is completed.
    1. God gave them a spirit of slumber: Isaiah 29:10 and Romans 11:8.
    2. Meantime the Jews continued to worship God as if it was real: Isaiah 29:13, Matthew 15:8,9, and Mark 7:6,7.

(1).  Worshiped with lips while hearts were somewhere else.

(2).  Vain worship.

(3).  Worship based on the teachings of men in the place of  the doctrines of God.

  1. God will destroy the wisdom of all these wise men according to the ways of the world: Isaiah 29:14 and I Corinthians 1:19. Isaiah 40-52


  1. God chose the time!
    1. First, there was John the Baptist saying in effect THIS IS THE TIME : Isaiah 40:3-5, Matthew 3:3, Mark 1:2,3, John 1:23, and Luke 3:4-6.
    2. It was inevitable since these things were already recorded in the Word of God that they would happen: Isaiah 40:8 and Luke 21\;32,33.

(1).  Most to happen during Christs generation.

(2).  The rest on the final One Day of the LORD as the old earth and old heavens pass away.

  1. The Mind of the LORD became the incarnated Mind of Christ: Isaiah 40:13 and I Corinthians 2:16.
  1. God Himself took the initiative by sending His own Son to planet earth.
    1. This is My Beloved Son , God said of Jesus of Nazareth: Isaiah 42:1-4, Matthew 3:17, Mark 1:11, Matthew 17:5, Mark 9:7, and Matthew 12:18-21.
    2. God is faithful but He will listen to the cries of men for salvation in a time acceptable to Him: Isaiah 45:14 and I Corinthians 14:25.
    3. It is inevitable that every knee will voluntary now and involuntarily at the end of time bow and worship to the praise of God: Isaiah 45:23 and Romans 14:11.
  • Men will come from the four corners of the earth to worship God.
    1. Men will come from north, south, east, and west: Isaiah 49:7-12 and Matthew 8:11.
    2. Heaven and earth will pass away, not Gods Word: Isaiah 51:6 and Luke 21:32,33.
    3. Gentiles will come in large numbers in spite of the fact that Gods name has been blasphemed among them because of the Jews: Isaiah 52:5 and Romans 2:24.
    4. Paul preached widely the Gospel of Christ where Christ was not already named in order that those who did not previously see and hear might both see and hear: Isaiah 52:15 and Romans 15:21.
  1. Who Has Believed the Reports from God?
    1. To whom has the salvation, or arm of God, been revealed: Isaiah 53:1, John 12:38, and Romans 10:16.
    2. Who and how many believed the miracles of healing as Jesus took on Himself the infirmities: Isaiah 53:4,7 and Matthew 8:17.
    3. Who and how many believed when John the Baptist made the report, “Behold, the Lamb of God…” ( Isaiah 53:4,7 and John 1:29,36)
    4. The great report of Jesus from the cross as He is made a criminal and curse for mankind, and according to the predictions of the Old Testament: Isaiah 53:12 and Luke 22:37.


  1. Jews and Gentiles as citizens in the new kingdom.
    1. The unmarried have more children that the married, the Gentiles have more children of God than the Jews: Isaiah 54:1 and Galatians 4:27.
    2. None comes to the Father except as drawn by the Father, and all those who are taught by the Father: Isaiah 54:13 and John 6:45.
    3. God gave in the Temple to the Jews a House of Prayer, but they had turned it into a den of thieves by the time of Jesus: Isaiah 56:7 and Matthew 21:13 and Luke 19:46.
    4. All the nation of Israel that is really the Israel of the children of God will be saved: Isaiah 59:20,21 and Romans 11:26.
  2. Characteristics of the New King of Israel.
    1. The message to Zion is that your new King comes meekly, riding on a donkey: Isaiah 61:11 and Matthew 21:5.
    2. Jesus told them in Nazareth of how the Spirit of God was upon him: Isaiah 61:1,2 and Luke 4:17,18.

(1).  God anointed Him to preach the gospel to the poor.     (A King especially for the poor people.)

(2).  God sent Him to start the release of captives, and to make provisions that the blind might be able to see.

(3).  To provide freedom for the downtrodden.

(4).  To make a Proclamation as to when is the Acceptable Year of the Lord (the last days) that leads to the One Day of the LORD and Lord.

  1. Happiness in this new kingdom will come only to those who first mourn because of their inability to do it for themselves: Isaiah 61:1,2 and Matthew 5:4.
  • The Method of Citizenship Only That From God, on Gods terms as dictated in the Old Testament and made evident in the New Testament.
    1. The New Citizenship found of those who sought it not or who searched not for it (grace): Isaiah 65:1 and Romans 10:20,21.
    2. Jerusalem is the city of the Great King: Isaiah 66:1 and Matthew 5:33.
    3. The Christ, the Prophet Messiah, born in Bethlehem, Micah 5:2, Matthew 2:5,6, and John 7:42, to be:

(1).  A ruler of the people; and

(2).  A shepherd of the people.

  1. The sowers of the Old Testament and the reapers of the New Testament will rejoice together in this New Kingdom: Micah 6:15 and John 4:37.
  1. The Good News of the Gospel of the Kingdom preached by messengers.
    1. How welcome across the way on the mountain is the first sight of those who come with the Gospel: Nahum 1:15 and Romans 10:15.
    2. Yet most do not believe the report, foolish people without the ability to see or hear: Jeremiah 5:21 and Mark 8:18.
    3. God established a House of Prayer but the nation of Israel turned it into a den of thieves: Jeremiah 7:11 and Matthew 21:13, and Mark 11:17.
    4. Trust in God.

(1).  Whoever boasts, let him boast only in God:  Jeremiah 9:24 and I Corinthians 1:31.

(2).  Trust only in God:  Jeremiah 17:5,7 and II Corinthians 11:9.


  1. God’s desire after His originally chosen nation of Israel.
    1. Rachel weeps for her children: Jeremiah 31:15 and Matthew 2:17,18.
    2. Gods desire to walk among and dwell in His own people: Jeremiah 31:1 and II Corinthians 6:18.
  2. The just, justified, or righteous must live by faith in God.
    1. Righteousness by faith; Habakkuk 2:4, Galatians 3:11, and Romans 1:17.
    2. Kingdom of God starts out small then grows larger: Daniel 4:9 and Mark 4:32.
  • The sanctified and glorified must live by faith in God.
    1. The beginning of glorification is when see the Son of Man coming in great power and glory: Daniel 7:13, Matthew 24:20, and Mark 13:26.
    2. The end of the ordinances of the law and the temple worship came during the Abomination of Desolation of Daniel, 80 A.D.: Daniel 9:27, 11:31, and Mark 13:14, and Matthew 24:15.
    3. Before the Second Coming there will be a time of tribulation in which even the heavens and earth are affected: Daniel 12:1-3 and Mark 13:19.
    4. Shook only the earth before, the last time will shake earth and the heavens: Haggai 2:6 and Hebrews 12:26.
  1. Final Messages to Disciples and to All.
    1. To Disciples: do you not see, hear, and remember: Ezekiel 12:2 and Mark 8:18.
    2. To Jewish religious leaders: in vain they do worship: Ezekiel 33:31 and Matthew 15:7.
    3. Zion: your King is Coming: Zechariah 9:9, Matthew 21:4, and John 12:14.
    4. Crucifiers: they gaped on Him whom they pierced: Zechariah 12:10 and John 19:37.
    5. Disciples: will strike down the Shepherd and the sheep will be scattered: Zechariah 13:7 and Mark 14:27.
    6. Jacob I loved and Esau I hated: Malachi 1:2 and Romans 9:13.
    7. The Voice of One Crying in the wilderness THE TIME IS NOW: Malachi 2:10 and Matthew 11:10 and Mark 1:2.

LAST NOTE FOR PERSONAL INFO:  You are welcome to free download in PDF the “The Bible is Christ with the Complete, Original Outline of the Bible” at


Baptism is the One Salvation

 Baptism is the One Salvation.

Just get back to the Bible on what it teaches about One Baptism is the One Salvation.  It will eliminate both the unsound doctrine of Church of Christ that water baptism is necessary for salvation, and the Swaggart’s horrible and destructive statements about baptism in the Holy Spirit.

Have you ever asked yourself the question about the seven ONEs of Ephesians 4:4-6, the great summary of major beliefs of the Bible, why one salvation is not mentioned in there with “one faith”, “one baptism”, etc. The reason is that the “baptism” mentioned by Jesus in the Great Commission and the “baptism” fully developed by Paul in Romans, is the baptism of salvation. Unfortunately, or fortunately we will see as we come to look at baptism as a contemporary parable, we always think of baptism as water baptism. Well, that is good, and that is exactly the way it was when Jesus started His ministry in Palestine with the baptism by John the Baptist. John, considered, the last of Old Testament Prophets, and consistent with the water baptism of the Old Testament, had a ministry of preparation for Jesus centered around repentance and water baptism. This will become clearer in this chapter.

Contemporary baptism is a Drama Baptism based on the two baptisms that must follow it in order to be an act of obedience and in order to be dramatic on what it represents: first in the background of Drama Baptism must come the Baptism of Jesus–Jesus told of that baptism in Mark 10:35-45–a baptism of death, burial, and resurrection; and second in the background of Drama Baptism must come a personal change in life–the same personal change Jesus speaks of in the Great Commission of “believe and be baptized”–whereby there is a radical inward change of life similar to that of which the Apostle Paul wrote in Galatians 2:20 whereby “we are crucified with Christ {initial salvation with repentance and faith}, nevertheless we live {initial salvation with faith and 9 month new birth}; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me {new birth}; and the life which I now live in the flesh {continuing salvation in sanctification}, I live by the faith of the Son of God {adoption}, who loved me {reconciliation} and gave His life {redemption} for me.”

4-1: Baptism in the Old Testament.

Since “baptism” literally means a “physical process” there are many kinds of baptisms mentioned in the Bible, including in the Writing Prophets. In fact the most important baptism for salvation–the “baptism spoken of my Jesus in the Great Commission of “believe and be baptized”–let me call it “baptism of salvation” for now and I will explain it later, is mentioned in the Writings of Jeremiah and Ezekiel. {You will have trouble believing that such a distinctively Christian doctrine as “baptism” is taught in the OT if you have not come to see the NT as not a replacement of the OT, but rather as both a clarification of the OT in the light of the life and teachings of Jesus, and of course the death; and as a special Bible of Gospel for the Gentiles.

In the verse we look at from I Corinthians 10:1-4 below, there is a national baptism being spoken of, a baptism of the nation of Israel if you would. Have you ever wondered how the nation of Israel could be a chosen nation of God, and yet almost all of the children of Israel in the wilderness were denied by God “eternal rest”. Yes, of the first generation of the children of Israel called out of Egypt, none were saved except Moses, Aaron, Joshua, and Caleb, and all the children under 20 years of age. {The only difference there is that it is at a nation level so that the prediction is made of the time of Christ when the whole nation of “selfs” will be baptized.} Consider as one example of the many different usages of the word “baptism” in the Bible, you have a “baptism into Moses in the cloud and the sea” in I Corinthians.

“Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, all ate the same spiritual food, and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ. But with most of them God was not well pleased, for their bodies were scattered in the wilderness.” (I Corinthians 10:1-5 NJKV)

Exegesis: (1) all of our forefathers, Paul said, experienced the physical blessings from God of rescue from Egyptian bondage and personally witnessed the miracle of passing through the Red Sea on dry land; (2) all the children of Israel had a baptism “into Moses”–hardly sufficient for salvation as into Moses and not into Christ–which here is a baptism by an immersion in the cloud and the sea; (3) all of the children of Israel, at this point after Mount Sinai you would have to call them both a “congregation” and a nation, in the wilderness wanderings for 40 years would partake of the physical blessings of food and water from God; (4) they even drank “spiritually” of the Rock of Christ–they drank but not hard enough and not long enough as constantly they were working on the more difficult task of developing “a evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God”; and (5) this national baptism was not sufficient for salvation as God was not well pleased but with a few, their bodies were scattered in the wilderness rather than being allowed in the Promised Land and a new generation–all of those under 21 years of age–would have 40 more years in the wilderness of faith testing, and most significantly according to the book of Hebrews they were not allowed to enter into God’s eternal rest of heaven. You will recall from the treatment in the book of Hebrews that the bottom line of this is that almost all that came out of Egypt, because of their unbelief, were not allowed to go into the Promised Land nor allowed to go to heaven. They all saw these miracles and works of God but not all believed. Now, you will notice the wording related to the cloud and the sea, “under the cloud” and that is called a baptism into Moses and “passed through the sea” which is also called a baptism into Moses. Perhaps this one example from the OT as made clear in the NT will open your mind to the fact of the many types of baptism in the Bible, in order that we can proceed with Paul on the most significant of all baptisms for salvation, the baptism of salvation. And just to mention a few by way of a preliminary introduction: there is Holy Spirit baptism, world baptism, Christ baptism, self baptism, and water baptism. The Holy Spirit baptism {one of the most abused Bible doctrines in belief and practice by those called Pentecostals} which happens to all Christians when they believe, it is generally called the new birth experience in the Bible, is what I am referring to here as salvation baptism. It can best be introduced by I Peter 3:21.

“The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ…” (I Peter 3:21 KJV)

This baptism is described as “not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God”. Parenthetically, you will notice that to put away the filth of the flesh, immersion is required; but the baptism of which the Apostle Peter is writing, has nothing to do with water baptism by immersion, or water baptism period, it is baptism however that does save. What is the baptism that saves? Would you think that it is the same as the message of the Great Commission since Jesus gave that commission in order for disciples all over the world to experience salvation, “believe and be baptized”! That is the baptism that saves, and it is a different baptism from water baptism. What saves is: “the answer of a good conscience toward God”. It is a response on your part and on my part, and we will continue to talk about it first on the national level as a prediction in Jeremiah and Ezekiel and then on a personal level as the fulfillment started after the Ascension of Christ. After Jeremiah and Ezekiel, and when we get back to this passage of I Peter 3:18-22, I want to develop it under 4 figures of baptism: first, World Baptism, as the passage mentions how the whole world except for eight souls was covered and destroyed with water; second as Christ Baptism as the Bible calls the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ for our salvation a “baptism”; thirdly, Self Baptism, as even as Christ died, was buried, and arose, we over ourselves are to experience a death, burial, and resurrection–more precisely in the Bible this is called repentance and the new birth; and lastly Water Baptism, as the Bible commands us to be immersed in the water as a command of obedience to the example of Christ and as a figure or representation of what has already happened spiritually to the self. (That will preach, right!)

4-2: The 4 figures of baptism of I Peter 3:18-22.

Okay, I think we have enough background from the predictions of the Writing

Prophets, to go into the real thing that happened during the time of Christ and of His apostles, in particular we will focus around the Apostle Peter and the book of I Peter as found in 3:18-22. Can I read it one more time, this time in the total context; and as I do so please look for the 4 figures of baptism: world baptism, the baptism of Christ, baptism of self, and water baptism.

“For Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit, by whom also He went and preached to the spirits in prison, who formerly were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the day of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water. There is also an antitype which now saves us, namely baptism (not the removal of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God), through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, angels and authorities and powers having been made subject to Him.” (I Peter 3:18-22 NJKV)

  1. The Baptism of the World. There is always so much interest in who and where Christ preached to the souls in prison that I will deal with it up front. Many of you know that the doctrine of the Mormons is that Jesus during the three days between death and resurrection came to the land of the United States and preached to the American Indians. However, the real context is that He went to Hades, the place in between heaven and hell, and preached to all the souls of the world that were destroyed during the flood. The context also speaks of the patience and longsuffering of God with the people of the world during the forty years that Noah preached and prepared the ark for the great flood that destroyed the whole world. The whole world was baptized with water, and that flood of water resulted in the salvation of only 8 souls! {It is interesting how in the BIBLE AS HISTORY that Werner Keller tells of the archaeological discovery of the ark setting on mount Ararat. Well, the biblical story of the flood, of course, is recorded in Genesis 6.} Can you conceive of a world today that has so far drifted from the Bible in emphasis that it automatically thinks of “baptism” in terms of only what happens to an individual as they are immersed before a local church or sprinkled. {Of course sprinkling can in no way be considered any form of baptism since baptism literally means immersion. Parenthetically, perhaps that is part or our problem: since the most important baptism of the NT is a spiritual immersion inside the individual believer as they believe, and since the change in many individuals is more like a sprinkling change that an immersion change, we have superficial salvation in many cases instead of real salvation.} In order to stop the process of always automatically thinking of baptism in terms of what happens to a person in the local baptistry, can you conceive as a beginning a “world baptism”. Surely, you know that can not take place in your local church baptistry. So already you have opened the doors of your mental logic, to consider that beyond world baptism, there are three other distinct meanings of baptism in I Peter 3:18-22.
  2. The Baptism of Christ is a figure of world baptism for salvation. Look again at the text and context of the verse above from I Peter 3. What you find there is a “baptism which saves us”; and since you know the consistent message of the Bible to be that salvation can come for the world only through Christ, then baptism here is just the Apostle Peter’s way to talk about a kind of baptism that is the salvation provision for the world. You also see this in the “by the resurrection” of Christ, knowing that this kind of baptism, alias salvation, comes through the death and resurrection of Christ. Is your brain starting to get with the Apostle Peter, and the Holy Spirit through Peter? Now, this by far does not mean that all the world is saved by this kind of baptism. Even as in John 3:16 where God so loved the world and as God gave His Son for the world and still an individual in the world must “believe” in order to receive this baptism of Christ for the world, so also the world baptism only applies with individual “believe”. You begin, I hope, to see a summary of the Bible and in particular the 14 letters of the Apostle Paul around the subject of “Believe and Be Baptized” It is only another sign of how far our doctrines have drifted from the Bible of the Apostles, that we tend to think of baptism as only what happens in the baptistry. That is a form of baptism, but only one of the four baptisms. {Actually there are five baptisms if you allow for the false doctrine of the Pentecostals where they get a baptism, they claim, of the Holy Spirit after the baptism of salvation; and which most generally, they believe, leads them to talk in tongues. In reality, many of the problems that Paul dealt with in the church at Corinth, and which is recorded in I and II Corinthians, centers around the kind of self-centeredness of a group of people who think they have special wisdom, that the Word of God came to them only, or that the Word of God came out of them: and this folly of unsound doctrine is what has lead us to the common false practice of false Bible teachers today who claim to receive special revelations from God. You know what I mean, those who say “God told me” or “God gave me”. You would think that they are a Pope or a President of the Mormon Church who also claim when they speak to speak special revelations from God.}
  3. The Baptism of Self is a figure of Christ’s baptism. You must see in the little parenthetical expression of I Peter 3:18-22, the “namely baptism (not the removal of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God)”, that the kind of baptism is one that takes place inwardly in the individual. It is NOT the physical water coming in contact with the outward flesh in order to make it clean. This baptism gets to the internal conscience; this baptism allows the soul and spirit of the believer to get a good answer to God; and this baptism is what comes automatically as a person truly believes. That is exactly what Mark is saying in Mark 16:16: “He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned.” (NKJV) Why is a person not condemned if they are not baptized, since the second part of the verse says that they are condemned if they do not believe. Well, it is automatic: even as the inward change by God through the Spirit, so drastic as to be called “baptism” in the Bible, comes automatically with “believe”, so a failure to believe automatically prohibits the corresponding inward change.
  4. Water baptism is a figure of inward baptism and the baptism of Christ. Yes the water baptism that takes place in the church baptistry is one of the 4 main baptisms of the Bible, in particular of I Peter 3:18-22. You remember it was this kind of baptism that was an essential part of the ministry of John the Baptist; and also recall that Jesus as He was baptized in the baptistry of the Jordan River, stated that this kind of baptism was done by Him as an example for others, and as an act of obedience. {This very act of obedience implies that it is a work that can be done by the individual believer; in no way related to salvation because salvation comes by “grace only”, and “not of {any} works, lest any man should boast”.} Yes, baptism in the baptistry, at least when done by immersion, represents two historical and spiritual facts that come before it: (1) Another kind of baptism that Peter calls the world baptism of Christ–that is, salvation by the crucifixion and resurfacing of Christ–the provides for the world a baptism of salvation when accepted individually by belief; and (2) An inward change that has already occurred inside the believer.

4-3: National Baptism in Jeremiah.

A good Jeremiah introduction to this “national baptism” which later I will relate to salvation baptism is in Jeremiah 24 with the parable of the two baskets of figs. Here is what God showed to Jeremiah as recorded in Jeremiah 24. Two baskets of figs were set before the temple in Jerusalem after Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, took the king of Judah and many others captive to Babylon.

“One basket had very good figs, even like the figs that are first ripe: and the other basket had very naughty figs, which could not be eaten, they were so bad. Then said the LORD unto me, What seest thou, Jeremiah? And I said, Figs; the good figs, very good; and the evil, very evil, that cannot be eaten, they are so evil. Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; Like (another figure like world baptism and water baptism) these good figs, so will I acknowledge them that are carried away captive of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place into the land of the Chaldeans for their good. ” (Jeremiah 24:2,3,5 KJV)

This is like the parables Jesus told, then explained later to His disciples. God explains it to Jeremiah, then Jeremiah in turn through his book explains it to us. In fact, shortly before His crucifixion as recorded in the Gospels, Jesus compared the nation of Israel to a fig tree which would not yield fruit, and told additional parables and teachings on eschatology that numbered the days of salvation for Israel in a completion of the abominations of desolation of Daniel. Jesus weep over Jerusalem and Israel, a chosen place and a chosen people since Abraham; but when God promised to bless the seed of Abraham, it was singular seed representing only Christ Himself, and shortly after the crucifixion of Christ only approximately 100,000 Jews were allowed to be saved, then the nation was cut off, probably until the new Jerusalem of heaven on earth. Then just like Jesus would tell a parable to the whole multitude then take the disciples aside and explain it, God explains the parable to Jeremiah and to us. “Again the word of the LORD came unto me, saying…” (Jeremiah 24:4 KJV) So that you get the impression that Jeremiah show the two baskets before the temple at the time of Captivity, then after pondering on it for a while–like the disciples–were given the explanation. Notice God had delivered them into captivity for their own good. Recall that Jeremiah for years had preached submission to Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, because that was the way God had planned it. Much like when God sent Joseph and the while family of Israel down into Egypt during the famine, it was for their own good. Okay, the promise and the prediction starts next.

“For I will set mine eyes upon them for good, and I will bring them again to this land: and I will build them, and not pull them down; and I will plant them, and not pluck them up. And I will give them an heart to know me, that I am the LORD: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God: for they shall return unto me with their whole heart.” (Jeremiah 24:6,7 KJV)

You can not find a better description of the new birth than this “heart to know” God of Jeremiah, especially when you consider the amplifying verses of Jeremiah with the promises to both take away the stony hear and to put a new heart in His people. {Have this group of people become the Gentiles as well as the Jews. Yes, the Gentiles more than the Jews after the initial period of Acts where so many Jews were converted, then during the time of the Apostle Paul, cut off by and large with a few exceptions. {This is the bottom line of the abomination of desolations of Daniel. Desolations from the destruction of the temple and Jerusalem, yes; desolations as the people had to flee the invading Roman Army of General Titus in 75 A.D, yes; but the desolation of all desolations was that Jews would be cut off as the chosen nation of God for salvation, while still allowed to exist as a nation, and given as usual the function as custodians of the oracles of God.} This is what I like to call “salvation baptism”. God giving them a new heart, a heart that knows God, a whole heart that knows God, and they truly become a people of God personally as more than a nation, and God is truly their God in the full sense of the word. Once again when we take a closer look at the passage of I Peter 3:18-22, I will show how this is the equivalent of the “not putting away of the filth of the flesh but the answer of a good conscience toward God”; it is the new birth; it is the baptism into Christ with His death, burial, and resurrection; it is repentance and faith; and it is what I like to when discussing I Peter 3 to call “self baptism” {Really I think I should say baptism of self, because it is not something that you can do for yourself.} It must be your answer of a good conscience to God, but only God can give the new birth. However, I am sure that you want to know the end of the story about figs. The good figs were the people of Judah that were taken captive to Babylon, the bad figs were the ones that remained in Judah. Now, I am not sure exactly how God separated them in order to deliver the good figs into the hands of Babylon, and to keep the bad figs out. I am sure it related somewhat to what God had told them through Jeremiah, and their obedience to that decision.

“And as the evil figs, which cannot be eaten, they are so evil; surely thus saith the LORD, So will I give Zedekiah the king of Judah {remember when Nebuchadnezzar took king Jehoiachin and others to Babylon, he placed Zedekiah over the people left in the land}, and his princes, and the residue of Jerusalem, that remain in this land, and them that dwell in the land of Egypt: And I will deliver them to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth for their hurt, to be a reproach and a proverb, a taunt and a curse, in all places whither I shall drive them. And I will send the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, among them, till they be consumed from off the land that I gave unto them and to their fathers.” (Jeremiah 24:8-10 KJV)

Notice that God has always tried to purge the people that are called by His name, the bad from among the good whether you call them figs or wheat. (Of course, after the time of Christ He started doing things differently, said leave the chaff among the wheat, in other words leave them alone, and the separation would come at Judgment at the end of time instead of continually as in the Old Testament times.) He has always desired a small group or nation, if you will, of dedicated believers. That was part of the passage of I Corinthians 10:1-12. Let us expand what we looked at to the larger context.

“Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, all ate the same spiritual food, and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ. But with most of them (notice that God was displeased with “most of them”, most of the people named as the people of God)…But with most of them God was not well pleased, for their bodies were scattered in the wilderness. Now these things became our examples, to the intent that we should not lust after evil things as they also lusted. And do not become idolaters as were some of them. As it is written, ‘The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.’ Nor let us commit sexual immorality, as some of them did, and in one day twenty-three thousand fell (and Numbers 25:9 indicates there were additional deaths afterwards); nor let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed by serpents; nor murmur, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed by the destroyer. Now all these things happened to them as examples, and they were written for our admonition, on whom the ends of the ages have come. Therefore let him who thinks he stands take heed lest he fall.” (I Corinthians 10:1-12 NJKV)

I like this figure of speech. Paul is saying that a person or group of persons, in this case the church at Corinth, can be so far out of it mentally and spiritual as to think they are standing up when in reality they are flat on the floor. When I come back to the 4 figures of baptism of I Peter 3, I would compare it to persons thinking that their head is above water–that they are treading water or floating–when in reality they have sunk under the water!

4-4: More on “Baptism of Self” as Predicted in Ezekiel.

You see what God was telling Jeremiah back in Judah about this new heart, what I like to call the baptism of self, he was also telling Ezekiel who was already in Babylon captivity. This kind of consistency and comparing scripture with scripture is part of what gives us confidence that the Bible of 66 books is the Word of God.

“Therefore say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will even gather you from the people, and assemble you out of the countries where ye have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel. And they shall come thither, and they shall take away all the detestable things thereof and all the abominations thereof from thence. And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; {ah, a new spirit, so that you begin to see that the one new heart is also a new spirit and also begin to see that this could be such a change in the inward self as to call it the “baptism of self”}; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, (this would be more of the change of self as the old sinful heart of stone is removed, repentance), and will give them an heart of flesh:  (a heart that is practical to live out the inwardly changed newness) That they may walk in my statutes, and keep mine ordinances, and do them: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God. But as for them whose heart walketh after the heart of their detestable things and their abominations, I will recompense their way upon their own heads, saith the Lord GOD.” (Ezekiel 11:17-21 KJV)

It should be mentioned at this point that we know that even among the people that were restored to the land of Israel after Captivity, only a remnant of the remnant received the new heart. We see that in the last book of the Old Testament, the book of Malachi; and we will come to that book in a later chapter. And then we also know that even during the life of Christ, only a minority of Israel turned to faith with a new heart in Christ. In fact, the nature of the nation of Israel as Paul tells us in the book of Romans changed dramatically: (1) the real Israel or real children of God became more Gentiles than national Jews; and (2) the kingdom of Christ became more a larger, selected entity among all peoples than on a dedicated piece of land.

Special Christmas Gift for 2016

photo above is of 1923 synagogue in Springfield Mass

Preliminary Outline of Hebrews

INTRODUCTION: Beginning, Body, and Bottom Line of Hebrews.

Beginning of Hebrews, what is God like: “God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.” (Hebrews 1:1-4)
Body of Hebrews 13 chapters, the Doctrine of Christ includes partakers of His nature: “Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection…” (Hebrews 6:1a)
Bottom Line of Hebrews, that God may make you complete: “Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.” (Hebrews 13:20,21)
I. The Doctrine of Christ in Hebrews 1, most probable full extent of Paul’s initial synagogue address as once he identified the Christ of the Old Testament and the Son of God with Jesus of Nazareth, they ran him off and tried to kill him.


NOTE1: Paul as obvious author of Hebrews. (see at the end)
1. Starts off with God, then Son. (Hebrews 1:1-3)
“God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high…”

Note: Hebrews 1 is almost all quotes from the Old Testament, so Paul introduces with both the Hebrew history of the “fathers” and the OT Prophets.
2. Then Lord for Jesus. (Hebrews 1:10)
“And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands…”

II. Beginning with Hebrews 2 of combining the Doctrine of Christ with US, principles of the Doctrine of Christ.

1. Heed those things taught by Jesus and the Disciples and witnessed by God.
(Hebrews 2:1)
2. Man and Jesus.
a. Man (Hebrews 2:6).
b. Jesus and getting Man and Jesus together in the Atonement. (Hebrews 2:9)
“But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.”

3. Doctrine and principles joined as One and in the Assembly, church. (Hebrews 2:12-13)
“Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee.” (Hebrews 2:12)
a. Quote of Psalm 22:22 in Hebrews 2:12.
b. Quote of Isaiah 8:6,7 in Hebrews 2:13.
4. Doctrine and principles continued to tie together as both the children and Christ become partakers of flesh and blood. (2:14-18)
a. Delivered flesh and blood from bondage because of the fear of death.
b. Christ took on the nature of Man, not the angels which were a little higher.
“Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil…” (2:14)
c. “Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.” (2:17)
d. Temptation is suffering, there again Christ identifies with the children or people. (2:18)

5. With the first mention of the name Christ and with Christ Jesus together. Paul brings the Doctrine of Chirst and the Principles or implications of the Doctrine of Christ firmly together with new names. (3:1-5)
a. The children or people are brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling.
b. Christ Jesus is the Apostle and High Priest of the Christian profession.

6. With the second mention of Christ (doctrine of Christ), we are the house of Christ if we hold firm unto the end. (3:6-13)
NOTE: now he launches into the first listed specific principle of “repentance from dead works”.

7. With this third mention of the word Christ or the Doctrine of Christ the principle of the doctrine of Christ in faith in God is highlighted. (3:14-19)
“For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end…” (3:14)
a. The judgment principle has already been mentioned as God decided and decides that “they shall not enter into His rest.”
b. And the faith in God principle in that it was unbelief that prevented them from eternal rest.

8. The promise of rest that remains for the rest of the people of God is an introduction to the resurrection of the dead. In the synagogue there would be both Pharisees and Saducess, the first believing in a resurrection of the dead and the second not. (4:1-13)

9. With the mention of “Jesus, the Son of God”, necessary in the doctrine of Christ comes a some what veiled but practical introduction to “baptisms”, here it is the baptism into the grace of God to help in time of needs and into the THRONE OF GRACE ITSELF. (4:14-5:4)

NOTE: Paul was still talking in the language of a new Christian, of a lawyer of Israel and the Old Testament law, had not written his other 13 New Testament books, and was still speaking the language of the synagogues where he was raised and trained in the Law. Later when he polished for publication the early synagogue addresses, the flavor and language of the initial addresses was keep. We can therefore appreciate the simpler language.
a. Obey Him.
b. You are not listening!
c. Obey and listen to the first principles of the Doctrine of Christ, get baptized into the strong meat of the word, get skillful in the word of righteousness, grow up, and exercise your senses to discern both good and evil.

II. Summary of what has been happening in the first 5 chapters on both the Doctrine of Christ and the principles of the doctrine of Christ in 6:1,2
“Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God, Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment. And this will we do, if God permit” (Hebrews 6:1-4)

** Paul wants to pass on to advanced doctrines of perfection, but strains to get off the first principles. so below is parenthetical on first principles.
P1: Partakers of the Holy Spirit is more on the baptisms. (6:4)
P2: Your sense of taste has been baptized in the word of God, and baptized into the powers of the world to come. (6:5)
P3: Repentance and atonement again. (6:6,7)
P4: Judgment (6:8)
P5: Salvation, the complete baptism in the One baptism. (6:9)

III. “Unto Perfection” in the Doctrine and Principles of Christ, Hebrews 6-13.

NOTE: Come now to the second part of Hebrews: (1) the First is the Doctrine and Principles of the Doctrine of Christ in Hebrews 1-5; and the (2) second is advanced doctrines unto perfection of the Doctrines of Christ with principles, Hebrews 6-13.

1. Unto Perfection in Hope of Salvation

a. Unto advanced doctrines of Christ and perfection with the promise of Hope of salvation. (6:15-19)
b. Advances into the Doctrine of Christ about the high priesthood, and the extent of the sure and immutable HOPE. (Christ and Melchesidec and what it means to us.}
c. About Hebrew history on this Melchisedec and Abraham in order to increase awareness of hope of salvation.. (7:1-11)
NOTE: somewhere in here Paul gets so enthused, almost forgetting his outline and completely free flowing under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.
d. The priesthood and law is changed.
(1). Law made nothing perfect, bringing in of better hope did. Hope by which we draw near to God. (7:19)

2. Summarizing unto perfection in the doctrine of Christ: (c) seated at the right hand of His Majesty in heaven, the great and only High Priest, minister of THE SANCTUARY–it is the true tabernacle and Jesus is the Minister,and the Lord Jesus Christ Himself pitched this tent, not any man.. (8:1-
a. Advanced doctrine under perfection and with our High Priest with a new minster. (8:6,7)
NOTE: A TRAIN of unto perfection in Christ from (1) the most excellent ministry of Christ, to (2) Him as the mediator of a better covenant, and (3) one which is established on better promises. From most excellent, to a better covenant Mediator, to better promises. You can’t beat that!
b. Mediator of a New covenant.
c. With better promises.
2. Unto the perfection of advanced doctrines and principles of Christ with the New Covenant. (8:9-13)
a. The New Covenant is unlike the Old Covenant which Israel did not keep anyway, so that under that covenant God did not regard them anyway;
b. Here is the covenant that God made with Israel at the beginning of the Last Days–
(1) the new birth of God putting the law in their minds and hearts;
(2) the covenant of God will be Israels God and Israel will in turn be His people;
(3) the priesthood of believers, everyone will know God in Israel from the least to the greatest;
(4). God will be merciful to their unrighteousness;
(5) God will remember their sins no more.
(6). The Old Covenant is made old, decayed, and will vanish away.
3. You need to know a little Hebrew history of the Old Covenant in order to appreciate the New. {Later in Romans Paul will expand God’s enlarged concept of Gentiles as all Israel saved.}. (9:1-9)
4. Unto advaned perfection in the doctrine of Christ moves on to REFORMATION, REDEMPTION, and INHERITANCE and thru the atonement. (9:10-22)
5. Back to the New Covenant and the “blood of the new testament”. (9:23-28)
(a). New tabernacle is heaven.
(b). atonement, once for all and for all time.
(c). Salvation is completed at the Second Coming!
6. Advanced doctrine of Christ unto perfection, THE DOCTRINE OF THE CROSS! (10:1-13)
(a). Unto perfection with faith.
(b). Confidence in drawing near to God because of: (1) true heart in full assurance of faith, (2) hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and (3) bodies washed with pure water.
8. Profession of our faith, ways to hold fast to that profession. (10:24-39)
9. About the Perfection of Faith with Hebrew historical examples– (Hebrews 11)
NOTE: Those people of Hebrew faith examples have not yet in heaven received the full promise of God, nor heavenly of our relatives and friends received it yet that have passed along. Perfection of the promise, alias sanctification or Christlikness, and the new bodies on the new earth is held in reserve for all of us to enjoy together at the second coming of Christ and the new earth. So those of faith in the past are now in heaven in sort of a holding pattern, and we can speculate that they are in training for their new positions on the new earth, God having taken unto Himself those before us to hold critical positions on the new earth.
10. “Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,
Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.” (Hebrews 12)

11. Practical implementations of unto perfection of faith (Hebrews 13)


NOTE1: Paul as obvious author of Hebrews. Don’t ever pay much attention to historical criticism as they tried to knock everything previously thought in order to magnify their superior knowledge. In doing so, they leaned too heavily on the wisdom of the world and fell under the category of the wisdom of men that God scoffs.

1. The chains and persecutions that his listeners shared written about in Hebrews 10.

2. The obvious style of Paul in all 14 letters that he wrote of showing his own outline, or the wherefores and therefores, and in the summing up, also the long sentences of free flow under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, and yet considered the best of Greek, and naturally the lawyer like logic.

3. In chapter 13, the mention of his own son in the faith Timothy and how those of Italy greet them, of course saying that went Paul finished the manuscript for published on which he had worked so many years before and after addresses in Hebrew synagogues.


Above photo is of a typical Roman Empire first century synagogue remains from

See other posts and pages on Hebrews at

For a free Christmas gift you are welcome to download a copy of this PDF.  It is a lot to digest at one sitting at

Checklist for Doctrines of God and Paul study: the Tree of Life and Destructive Distortions of Bible Doctrines

NOTE:  Doctrines or Bible teachings need not seem isolated from life.  Here is a checklist you will want to keep in mind to be apologetically answered during Bible studies of the Life and Letters of the Apostle Paul as that former lawyer of the nation of Israel and then Apostle to the Greeks, Romans, and all Gentiles and even to the Jews of his own nation before they rejected him and his message of the Risen Christ.  It is advised that you keep a copy, download in PDF, and both check it during Bible study and afterwards.


The Fall of Man by Lucas Cranach, a 16th-century German depiction of Eden, with the tree of life (left) and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil





I. Absolute Authority of the Word of God and God Himself and the Sacred Tree of Life.
1. These 2 trees have a lot of mystery about them, but simple to know is that God told man and woman that if they ate of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil they would die. To God it was a sacred tree, and His word was sacred and immutable, that is what is important.
2. Corollary to this is that God did not created us and this world, and therefore we have no obligation to honor, worship Him, and submit to His authority.
II. We as believers and believers in the priesthood of believers are captive to the authority of the World of God, and that no Peacemaking is possible apart from a submission to that authority of God.
1. Some do not respect and regard the authority of God Himself.
2. Some do not respect and regard the authority of the Word of God.
3. Some subvert that authority as subservient to their own authority.
4. Some believe in a certain evolution of religion, denominations, and the goodness of people that supplements the Word of God.
5. Many leaders believe that the average Christian is not capable of reading and finding truth for Himself in the Bible {soul competentcy and, freedom under God to learn, and the availability of the hermeneutics rules in the Bible Itself.}
5. Many regard their own wants, needs, and desires to be greater than the words and Word of God.
III. Dangerous and Destructive Distortions of Doctrine of teachings.
DEFINITION OF DESTRUCTIVE DOCTRINES: Any doctrine or teaching that gets in the way of man’s salvation, past, present, or future.
               a. In the nation and world at large.
1. Any support of a god or God rather than the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ.
2. Any denial of the Divinity of Christ as the Son of God, and the Trinity of God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
3. Stubborn adherence to self rightness in any and all things and self love called pride in the Bible.
4. The taking of special and personal dispensations with the clear and obvious word of God is rebellion against God Himself.
5. The soul that sins will not die, the orignal lie of Satan to get the first human couple to start sin in the blood stream of the human race.
6. Fake and artificial “niceness” of the world is the ultimate in social and public relations, and can be a simulated substitute of kindness.
7. There can be peace in a nation without rectification of the hurting of the people, and just the statements of “peace, peace, when there is no peace” can do any more than “heal the hurt of the people slightly.”
8. That the world is headed ultimately to world peace, without any destruction of this old heaven and earth, and that the world will not END in a violent earth shaking violence brought on by God Himself.
9. The majority is right on religious matters, and the majority will obtain salvation.
                                          b. Among believers.
1. Unwarranted freedoms and interpretations of the Bible for personal status or gain.

NOTE:  very popular examples now are the Swaggerts and Joel Osteen, members of the household of God and workers on the same side for Christ–clay and wood instead of the silver and gold appearance they have, no matter how much we love them we love the Word and authority of God much more.  They share the same common background, or lack of background problem of little or no formal Bible training before they were under the gun to deliver.  (1) Like Charles Spurgeon would advise Jimmy and Joel, “Be not such a wiseacre as you think you have nothing to learn from the past; (2) get in step in your interpretations of the Bible with “the faith once for all delivered to the saints” (Jude 3), a common and shared faith believe it or not; and (3) there are other Christian preachers doing the work of Christ than you that are much more faithful to the accuracy of the Bible.
2. That there is any such thing as a baptism is the Holy Spirit shown by speaking in unknown tongues.
3. Efforts to substitute unknown tongues, condemned in I Corinthians 14, for the known tongues and functions of the first Day of Pentecost after the Ascension.
4. All efforts of church and denominational leaders to subvert their own status and authority for the authority of God and His Word.
5. Bible Hermeneutics that denies formal Bible training and respect for learning from the past, in praise or preaching.
6. Any church organization that makes money is a Den of Thieves as laid out by Jeremiah and Jesus, and is also a dangerous distortion of the Bible doctrine of the church.
7. Special revelations that add to or take away from the Word of God in the Bible.
8. I can not read and understand the Word of God when special effort is not made to pray about it for wisdom and to find an effective spiritual guide like Philip. {Spurgeon wrote in “Lectures to My Student”, “Be not such a wiseacre as to think you have nothing to learn from the past.”
                              c. On Eschatology.
1. The false teaching that there are two Second Comings of Christ, one at a false rapture and one at the End.
2. Christians will not be and in fact are not already in the great apostasy called the Falling Away.
3. Misguided Bible interpretations that deny the Forever Kingdom passages in spite of those words themselves in the passages like Isaiah 65.
4. God does not now or in the OT Prophets bring calamities on His own people in order to correct their behavior.
5. There are not primarily two evils of a nation in the sight of God, to forsake God the fountain of living waters and to make substitute cisterns that can hold no water. {Contrary to Jeremiah 2:17}
IV. Causes and Cures of Destructive Distortions of Doctrine.
THE BIBLE, MORE BIBLE, AND MOST BIBLE.  And you will get that in 14 out of 27 of the New Testament books in the Bible study to follow, and in the own words of Paul and God, and with the ASPI of good hermeneutics.
NOTES on the Tree of Life.
1. “The Tree of Life is a 2011 American experimental epic drama film written and directed by Terrence Malick and starring Brad Pitt, Sean Penn, and Jessica Chastain. The film chronicles the origins and meaning of life by way of a middle-aged man’s childhood memories of his family living in 1950s Texas, interspersed with imagery of the origins of the known universe and the inception of life on Earth.”


2. “Tree of life (biblical) … In the Book of Genesis, the tree of life is first described in Genesis 2:9 as being planted with the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Hebrew: עֵץ הַדַּעַת‎) “in the midst of the Garden of Eden” by Yahweh Elohim (Hebrew: יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים‎).”
“The Tree Of Life
by Henry M. Morris, Ph.D.
Evidence for Creation › Evidence from Scripture › Accurate Data › Historical Accuracy › Genesis Is Historically True › Sin Caused Death

The wonderful Tree of Life, discussed in the two “book ends” of the Bible, Genesis and Revelation, is one of the most fascinating (yet enigmatic) subjects in all the inspired word of God. It is first mentioned in Genesis 2:9:

And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
The fruit of this tree was “good for food” and Adam was told that he could “freely eat” of it (Genesis 2:16).

However, he was not required to eat its fruit to stay alive! He was created by God to live without dying, with only one restriction—that is, he was not to eat of “the tree of knowledge of good and evil,” for that would cause him to die (Genesis 2:17).

Later that same day, Eve was created, after Adam had first given names to each basic kind of animal—that is, specifically, only the “beast of the field” and the “fowl of the air” (Genesis 2:19), those that would be most likely to be in close proximity and possible fellowship with humans. He could easily have accomplished this in a few hours. Then Eve was created and was given the same instruction about eating as Adam had received, for she referred to these instructions when the serpent tempted her some time later.

Despite God’s clear warning, she and Adam both then rebelled against God’s word and ate of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, and thus “sin entered into the world” (Romans 5:12). As a result, death also came into the world when God—true to His word—told them that “unto dust shalt thou return” (Genesis 3:19).

Furthermore, God’s Curse was pronounced on the very “ground” itself, out of which the bodies of both animals and men had been formed (Genesis 3:17; 1:24; 2:7), so that “the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now” (Romans 8:22). Thus “by man came death,” and “in Adam all die” (I Corinthians 15:21,22).

Then God cast Adam (with Eve) out of His beautiful garden, “lest he . . . take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever” (Genesis 3:22).

This seems to create a problem, possibly even an apparent contradiction in God’s words. God cannot contradict Himself, of course, so this is our problem, not His. Many so-called “progressive” creationists, as well as theistic evolutionists, argue that Adam and Eve must already have been eating regularly of the Tree of Life in order to stay alive, even before they sinned. Otherwise they would have died physically even if they had never sinned, or so the argument goes. Then they argue that the death pronouncement by God on their sin was a “spiritual” death, not physical.

This idea, of course, contradicts the clear statement of God that they would die physically, as well as spiritually, with their bodies returning to the dust. Furthermore, it makes a travesty of Christ’s death on the cross for our sins! Why would Christ have to die physically—and such a horrible physical death at that!—in order to atone for man’s “spiritual” death?

But our accommodationist brethren are anxious to preserve the “old-earth” dogma of the evolutionists at all costs and so are willing to adjust Genesis and the gospel in whatever ways they need to do so in order to avoid conflict with modern scientism. They insist that we must accept the evolutionary ages of geology with their billions of fossils and their billion-year spectacle of suffering and death before sin entered the world, in order to be acceptable to the intellectual community.

Nevertheless, the Genesis record—supported as literal history throughout all the rest of Scripture—is explicitly clear in teaching that physical suffering and death were introduced into the world only when Adam sinned. Thus, even if Adam and Eve had continued to eat the delicious fruit of the Tree of Life after they had sinned, they would eventually have died anyway because God had said so! However, this health-promoting fruit might have enabled them to live an inordinately long time before dying. Even as it was, Adam lived 930 years (Genesis 5:5).

The solution to our problem may well be that the Hebrew word ola (translated “for ever” in Genesis 3:22) could legitimately be translated “a very long time.” For example, in Isaiah 42:14 God says: “I have long time [olam] holden my peace.” It is obvious that “for ever” is not warranted in this context, for God will not hold His peace forever! Similarly, note Deuteronomy 33:15: “. . . precious things of the lasting [olam] hills.” The hills may last a long time, but not forever. The Hebrew olam is translated “old time” in Joshua 24:2, and is applied to the “ancient landmark” in Proverbs 22:28 and the “ancient people” in Isaiah 44:7.

There are a number of other such examples. The word olam certainly does not have to mean “forever” unless the context so indicates. Therefore, it would be legitimate to read Genesis 3:22 as follows: “. . . lest he . . . take also of the tree of life and eat and live an excessively long time.” There is thus no necessary indication in this verse that death was in the world before Adam brought sin into the world.

How long the Garden of Eden survived in the primeval world after the expulsion of Adam and Eve has not been revealed. If not destroyed earlier, it was certainly carried away by the devastating waters of the great flood, when “the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished” (II Peter 3:6).

But the marvelous Tree of Life will be planted once again “in the midst of the paradise of God” in the new earth which God will create some day and “they that do his commandments” will then “have right to the Tree of Life” (Revelation 2:7; 22:14).

And note its remarkable character! “On either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations” (Revelation 22:2).

Not just one Tree of Life as in the original Garden of Eden, but many such trees will be planted there with their beautiful and nutritious fruits, freely available to all who “do His commandments”—that is, to everyone in the holy city. The fruit will be different every month,** but always “pleasant to the sight, and good for food.” Furthermore, its leaves will also be of great value, since they are for “the healing of the nations.” This cannot mean that, without these healing leaves the people in these “nations of them which are saved” (Revelation 21:24) would otherwise become sick and die because God has assured us that in the holy city, “there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away” (Revelation 21:4). The leaves will not be needed to heal sickness any more than the fruit of that original Tree of Life in Eden was needed to prevent death.

It is significant that the Greek word translated “healing” in this verse (therapeia) is translated “household” in Matthew 24:45 and Luke 12:42, referring to the staff of servants employed in keeping the affairs of a great house running efficiently. It is the source of our English word “therapy.” Thus, the leaves of the tree will be for the “therapy,” or the effective services, of the nations in the new earth. As the fruits of the tree will surely contain many nutrients for happy vigorous service by Christ’s servants in the ages to come (Revelation 22:3), so its leaves will contain a complex of chemical substances useful in the occupations and general economy of those ages.

It is pointless to speculate as to the exact nature of the Tree of Life, for God has not told us, and there is no tree like it in the present world. The same is true with reference to the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. God is well able to create any kind of tree He wishes, and we do well to leave it at that!

Because of the marvelous nature of the Tree of Life, however, the writer(s) of Proverbs used it (under divine inspiration of course) as a symbol of four wonderful truths.

First, the true wisdom “is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her” (Proverbs 3:18). That true wisdom can be none other than Christ (I Corinthians 1:30, Colossians 2:3).

Second, “the fruit of the righteous is a tree of life” (Proverbs 11:30). Indeed, “the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth” (Ephesians 5:9). A life such as that will be like a tree of life to all who encounter it.

Third, “when the desire cometh, it is a tree of life” (Proverbs 13:12). That is, fulfilled hope, like true wisdom and righteousness is so vitalizing as to be a source of renewed vigorous life.

Fourth, “a wholesome tongue is a tree of life” (Proverbs 15:4). Therefore, “let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man” (Colossians 4:6).

We can eagerly, yet patiently and fruitfully, look forward to enjoying the delicious, nourishing fruit of the Tree of Life in the holy city some day. In the meantime, we can pray that God will help us to be like little, life-giving trees ourselves through growing in true wisdom, living righteously, offering hope to the lost in our midst, and using our God-given abilities of communication graciously and meaningfully to all those we meet.

* Dr. Morris is Founder and President Emeritus of ICR.
** Note the incidental reference to “months.” Time had a beginning when God created it (Genesis 1:1), but it will have no end. The words “time no longer” in Revelation 10:6 are in the sense of “delay no longer.”
“Tree of life (biblical)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
See also Tree of life for other cultural interpretations, and Tree of life (disambiguation) for other meanings.


The Fall of Man by Lucas Cranach, a 16th-century German depiction of Eden, with the tree of life (left) and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil
The tree of life (Hebrew: עֵץ הַֽחַיִּים‎, StandardEtz haChayim) is a term used in the Hebrew Bible that is a component of the world tree motif.[1]
In the Book of Genesis, the tree of life is first described in Genesis 2:9 as being planted with the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Hebrew: עֵץ הַדַּעַת‎) “in the midst of the Garden of Eden” by Yahweh Elohim (Hebrew: יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים‎). In Genesis 3:24 cherubim guard the way to the tree of life at the east end of the Garden. The tree of life has become the subject of some debate as to whether or not the tree of the knowledge of good and evil is the same tree.[2]
Outside of Genesis, the term “tree of life” appears 11 times in the Bible: in Proverbs (3:18; 11:30; 13:12; 15:4), 2 Esdras (2:12; 8:52), 4 Maccabees (18:16), and Revelation (2:7; 22:2,14,19).
5. Tree of Life in other cultures.

“Tree of life –


The concept of a tree of life is a widespread mytheme or archetype in the world’s mythologies, related to the concept of sacred tree more generally,[1] and hence in religious and philosophical tradition.

The expression Tree of Life was used as a metaphor for the phylogenetic tree of common descent in the evolutionary sense in a famous passage by Charles Darwin (1872).[2]

The tree of knowledge, connecting to heaven and the underworld, and the tree of life, connecting all forms of creation, are both forms of the world tree or cosmic tree, according to the Encyclopædia Britannica,[3] and are portrayed in various religions and philosophies as the same tree.[4]

About Life and Letters of Paul

We are first introduced to Paul when he was Saul of Tarsus. He was standing over the first Christian martyr Stephen looking on as Stephen was stoned to death. From this gruesome introduction to the completion of his missionary journeys Paul has become a champion and hero in the Christian faith.

Serious Searchers of the Bible, are you ready for a series of intense Bible Sessions on the Life and Letters of Paul.  Not as intense as the large book by David Smith which you preacher boys may have studied in University Bible departments, but somewhat simplified and with photos which as a lover of the Word–divine in origin, absolute in authority, and sufficient in message will enjoy.

The free textbook for the Bible Study is available now for download, entitled “BELIEVE AND BE BAPTIZED”, at BiblecomBibleman

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See the Pages of the Life and Letters of Paul website at:

1.  Life and Letters of Paul